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Pantelis T. Nikolaidis, Stefania Di Gangi and Beat Knechtle

,000,000 finishers in 2014. In contrast to the number of marathon races that remained stable (∼1,100 races per year), the number of half-marathons increased to 2,800 races in 2016 from 2,700 races in 2015 ( www.runningusa.org/half-marathon-report-2017 ). Little is known about the age-related performance decline in

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Carlo Capelli

The decays of maximal aerobic power (MAP) and of anaerobic capacity were recently estimated in cycling master athletes from 35 to 80 years of age by analyzing their absolute best performances in track competitions. 1 It was suggested that MAP would start declining after 45 years of age, with an

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Mark Ward, Sarah Gibney, David O’Callaghan and Sinead Shannon

, can significantly reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, colon and breast cancer, and can help to maintain a healthy body weight ( WHO, 2015 ). Beyond improving and maintaining physical health, regular physical activity also reduces the risk of dependency in old age, enables increased

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Nicola Brown and Yasmin Bowmer

active than men at all ages ( Armstrong, Bauman, & Davies, 2000 ; Kimm et al., 2002 ; Scharff, Homan, Kreuter, & Brennan, 1992 ; Talbot, Metter, & Flegl, 2000 ; Troiano et al., 2008 ) and that sedentary women have higher mortality rates ( Gregg et al., 2003 ) and are more likely to be obese ( Hajian

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Casey Mace Firebaugh, Simon Moyes, Santosh Jatrana, Anna Rolleston and Ngaire Kerse

benefits of physical activity, the decline in physical activity with age may be the most consistent finding in physical activity epidemiology. However, there have been few investigations of the association of physical activity with function and mortality in advanced age. In addition, much of the existing

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Karl Spiteri, David Broom, Amira Hassan Bekhet, John Xerri de Caro, Bob Laventure and Kate Grafton

, & Laye, 2012 ), but the proportion of older adults is increasing, with older adults tending to be less physically active than younger age groups ( Sun, Norman, & While, 2013 ). PA happens differently throughout the day during work, travel, and leisure time. Its nature may be structured, such as during

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Juliana Souza de Oliveira, Catherine Sherrington, Louise Rowling and Anne Tiedemann

, cardiovascular disease, cancer, and depression ( Gebel et al., 2015 ; Lee et al., 2012 ). A previous study revealed that higher levels of physical activity not only substantially prolong life expectancy but also life expectancy free of cardiovascular disease at age 50 years ( Franco et al., 2005 ). In addition

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Sarah J. Wherry, Cheryl Der Ananian and Pamela D. Swan

of the new technologies used to promote physical activity. Exercise video games, or “exergaming,” have become popular among children and older adults 5 , 6 but may also have merits for middle-aged adults. One of the potential benefits of exergaming is that this type of technology may increase

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Talin Louder, Dennis Dolny and Eadric Bressel

The aging global population presents social and economic challenges. In the United States alone, the annual direct cost of treating falls in older adults is estimated at over $30 billion. 1 Promoting exercise throughout the life span can help minimize the expected economic impact of our aging

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Timothy A. Hanke, Bruce Kay, Michael Turvey and David Tiberio

important factor in whether or not the step serves its functional purpose ( Rogers, Johnson, Martinez, Mille, & Hedman, 2003 ; Sparto, Jennings, Furman, & Redfern, 2014 ). It has become increasingly apparent that there is a relationship between lateral stability, advancing age, and falls ( Mille et