Action sports (e.g., snowboarding, skateboarding, windsurfing, BMX) have traditionally celebrated antiauthoritarian, do-it-yourself and anticompetition cultural values. With the institutionalization and commercialization of action sports over the past two decades, and the introduction of mega-sports events such as the X Games, and the inclusion of some action sports into the Olympic Games (i.e., snowboarding, freestyle skiing, BMX), action sport athletes are increasingly working with coaches, psychologists, agents, managers and personal trainers to improve their performances. In this Insights paper we consider coaching in action sports via the case of Finnish professional snowboarders’ attitudes to coaches. Drawing upon conversations with elite freestyle snowboarders we briefly present insights into their perceptions of the various positions of coaches in professional snowboarding before we offer suggestions built upon a Problem-based learning approach for coaches interested in working with action sport athletes.
Anna-Liisa Ojala and Holly Thorpe
Alternative sports have been situated within backlash politics whereby subcultural or marginal representations illustrate a victimized white male. While this may be true of some sports, skateboard media fosters a sustained critique of “whiteness.” To understand the representation of white resistance in skateboarding, we must locate the sport within the larger historical context of white male rebellion found in Jack Kerouac’s On the Road (1957) and Norman Mailer’s White Negro (1957). Similar to these countercultural narratives, skateboard media represents a tension between a death of whiteness (symbolized by co-opting “blackness”) and its inevitable rebirth (through prolific marketing of white skaters). Unlike the Beats, however, the dialectics of white resistance appear in skateboard media through advertisements that are often underscored by parody, which produces its own set of complexities.
David G. Behm
activities, anecdotal evidence from world-class athletes, such as Roger Federer, Rafael Nadal, Wayne Gretzky, and others, has indicated that alternative sport involvement, such as soccer and baseball, contributed to their success. Participation in alternative sports would also help to decrease the repetitive
Shawn Forde and Brian Wilson
, & Musto, 2015 ; Silk, 2013 ; Young, 2013 ; Weedon, Wilson, Yoon, & Lawson, 2016 ). However, little attention has been paid to the forms, practices and contents of what we might think of as ‘alternative’ sports journalism – namely, journalism that focuses on and takes seriously many of the issues that
. Social Science & Medicine, 131, 40 – 47 . PubMed ID: 25753284 doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.02.038 10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.02.038 Downs , B. ( 2003 ). Small bikes, big men . In R. E. Rinehart , & S. Sydnor (Eds.), To the extreme: alternative sports inside and out (pp. 145 – 152 ). New
Alberto Flórez-Pregonero, Matthew S. Buman and Barbara E. Ainsworth
. Gait and Posture, 48 , 209 – 214 . PubMed ID: 27318305 doi:10.1016/j.gaitpost.2016.05.012 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2016.05.012 Shephard , R. ( 1988 ). PAR-Q Canadian home fitness test and exercise alternatives . Sports Medicine, 5 ( 3 ), 185 – 195 . PubMed ID: 3368685 doi:10
Vagner D.O. Tavares, Kell G. da Costa, Daniel A.R. Cabral, Maria L.M. Rego, Menna Price and Eduardo B. Fontes
, 5 , 48 . PubMed ID: 21647306 doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2011.00048 Shephard , R.J. ( 1988 ). PAR-Q, Canadian home fitness test and exercise screening alternatives . Sports Medicine, 5 ( 3 ), 185 – 195 . PubMed ID: 3368685 doi: 10.2165/00007256-198805030-00005 Smith , J.L. , Mattick , R
relationship between social and physical power ( Farkas, 2007 ), leaving truly oppositional potentials to be found only in alternative sports ( Bradshaw, 2002 ). Notwithstanding the merit of these critiques, a more complex picture of Fijian Deaf rugby emerges upon closer examination. First, throughout the
Erin K. Howie, Justin M. Guagliano, Karen Milton, Stewart A. Vella, Sjaan R. Gomersall, Tracy L. Kolbe-Alexander, Justin Richards and Russell R. Pate
? Research using standardized and more in-depth assessment of sport participation, including the frequency, duration, intensity, and type of sport participation, are needed, and these should include special populations and alternative sports 2. How can we best improve sport participation rates? Research on