People who have difficulty identifying and describing their emotions are more likely to seek out the experience of emotions in the high-risk domain. This is because the high-risk domain provides the experience of more easily identifiable emotions (e.g., fear). However, the continued search for intense emotion may lead such individuals to take further risks within this domain, which, in turn, would lead to a greater likelihood of experiencing accidents. Across three studies, we provide the first evidence in support of this view. In Study 1 (n = 762), alexithymia was associated with greater risk taking and a greater propensity to experience accidents and close calls. In Study 2 (n = 332) and Study 3 (n = 356), additional bootstrapped mediation models confirmed these relationships. The predictive role of alexithymia remained significant when controlling for sensation seeking (Study 1) and anhedonia (Study 2 and Study 3). We discuss the practical implications of the present model as they pertain to minimizing accidents and close calls in the high-risk domain.
Matthew Barlow, Tim Woodman, Caradog Chapman, Matthew Milton, Daniel Stone, Tom Dodds and Ben Allen
Lennart Raudsepp and Eva-Maria Riso
). Additionally, a cardinal feature of depression is anhedonia, which may cause individuals to discontinue physical activities, such as walking, that they have previously found enjoyable ( Yerstad, Boutelle, Ness, & Stice, 2010 ). Thus, prevention of depressive symptoms in the aging population is important for
Vagner D.O. Tavares, Kell G. da Costa, Daniel A.R. Cabral, Maria L.M. Rego, Menna Price and Eduardo B. Fontes
(two items), auto depreciation (two items), lack of interest or involvement (two items), anhedonia (two items), and inertia (two items). For anxiety, the scores were excitation of the autonomous system (five items), skeletal muscle effects (two items), situational anxiety (three items), and subjective
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Mats Hallgren, Andreas Lundin, James Mugisha and Ai Koyanagi
; Schuch, Vancampfort, Richards, et al., 2016 ) and perhaps this is not surprising given that depression is characterized by lowered mood and lethargy. Anhedonia is characteristic of many mental disorders, including depression, and may impair the initiation of exercise behavior or the pleasure usually