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Britton W. Brewer, Allen E. Cornelius, Judy L. Van Raalte and Howard Tennen

responses to sport injury, the main purpose of the current study was to examine longitudinally perceived adversarial growth after a single type of injury—a torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)—using a multidimensional measure of adversarial growth. Use of a longitudinal research design afforded the

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Salman Nazary-Moghadam, Mahyar Salavati, Ali Esteki, Behnam Akhbari, Sohrab Keyhani and Afsaneh Zeinalzadeh

Anterior cruciate ligament deficiency (ACLD) is a common sports-related injury commonly followed by knee instability. 1 . Previous studies have shown that mechanical and functional instability of the knee, impaired muscle recruitment, loss of force, muscle atrophy, and impaired neuromuscular

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Rafael Squillantini, Brielle Ringle and Julie Cavallario

Clinical Scenario Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) sprains are one of the most common lower extremity injuries within physically active individuals. In the United States alone, approximately 250,000 ACL sprains occur annually. 1 ACL sprains are one of the most costly lower extremity injuries, due

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Shelby A. Peel, Lauren E. Schroeder, Zachary A. Sievert and Joshua T. Weinhandl

Noncontact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are traumatic injuries that often occur in sports where running, landing, and cutting are primary movements. 1 Nearly 70% of all ACL injuries are classified as noncontact ACL injuries, 2 meaning there is no direct contact to the knee at the

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Jonathon R. Staples, Kevin A. Schafer, Matthew V. Smith, John Motley, Mark Halstead, Andrew Blackman, Amanda Haas, Karen Steger-May, Matthew J. Matava, Rick W. Wright and Robert H. Brophy

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a commonly injured ligament in the body, often but not always requiring operative intervention. 1 The incidence of ACL reconstruction continues to rise, increasing by 20% over the last decade, with the most rapid increase occurring in patients aged between

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Komeil Dashti Rostami, Aynollah Naderi and Abbey Thomas

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury occurs frequently during athletic activity, precipitating numerous immediate and long-term consequences such as pain, disability, and ultimately joint degeneration. 1 In many individuals with ACL injury, altered movement patterns have been demonstrated

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Wei-Cheng Chao, Jui-Chi Shih, Kuan-Chung Chen, Ching-Lin Wu, Nai-Yuan Wu and Chien-Sheng Lo

Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury is one of the most common knee injuries. In recent years, with the increase of exercise population, the incidence has increased significantly. 1 Previous studies have indicated that the mechanisms of ACL injuries could be divided into 2 categories: contact

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Jonathan Sinclair and Paul J. Taylor

Although engaging in physical activity and sport is known to mediate a plethora of physiological benefits, 1 participation in sport is also associated with a high risk from injury. 2 Injuries to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) are increasing in those who engage in recreational

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Cody R. Butler, Kirsten Allen, Lindsay J. DiStefano and Lindsey K. Lepley

Clinical Scenario Traumatic knee injuries lead to a multitude of negative effects on the body, including altered physical activity, biomechanical compensations, and early onset knee osteoarthritis. 1 – 5 Individuals recovering from anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury spend less time in

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Robson Dias Scoz, Cesar F. Amorim, Bruno O.A. Mazziotti, Rubens A. Da Silva, Edgar R. Vieira, Alexandre D. Lopes and Ronaldo E.C.D. Gabriel

The knee joint provides functionality and independence to the individual and almost half of knee ligament injuries occur to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). 1 , 2 Data from the United States indicate an incidence of approximately 200,000 ACL injuries per year, 70% of these injuries occurring