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John van der Kamp

This study investigated whether soccer penalty-takers can exploit predictive information from the goalkeeper’s actions. Eight low- and seven high-skilled participants kicked balls in a penalty task with the goalkeeper’s action displayed on a large screen. The goalkeeper initiated his dive either before, at or after the ball was struck. The percentage of balls shot to the empty half of the goal was not above chance when the participants could only rely on predictive information. Gaze patterns suggested that the need to fixate the target location to maintain aiming accuracy hindered perceptual anticipation. It is argued that penalty-takers should select a target location in advance of the run-up to the ball and disregard the goalkeeper’s actions.

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Haneol Kim, Seonjin Kim, and Jianhua Wu

-motor skills than amateurs. Among many perceptual-motor skills, anticipation timing, eye–hand coordination, and peripheral perception (field of vision) are critical for esports gamers. As more accurate and faster movements are required to play esports games, professional players often spend a significant

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Catherine E. Rogerson, Bradley C. Jackson, Katherine M. Breedlove, and Thomas G. Bowman

impact), as well as level of preparedness (prepared, unprepared), could potentially be influential factors in determining the magnitude of head impacts. In elite youth ice hockey players, anticipation for hits decreased impact severity. 5 However, anticipation did not alter impact severity in collegiate

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Harry J. Meeuwsen, Sinah L. Goode, and Noreen L. Goggin

The purpose of this experiment was to replicate and extend earlier experiments used to investigate the effect of the motor response, experience with open skills, and gender on coincidence-anticipation timing accuracy. Fifteen males and fifteen females, who were all right-eye and right-hand dominant, performed a switch-press and a hitting coincident-anticipation timing task on a Bassin Anticipation Timing apparatus with stimulus speeds of 4 mph, 8 mph, and 12 mph. Level of experience with open skills was determined by a self-report questionnaire and vision was screened using the Biopter Vision Test. Experience with open skills explained some of the variable error data, possibly supporting a socio-cultural explanation of gender differences. Males performed with less variable and absolute error than females, while performance bias was different for the genders on the two tasks. All participants performed with less absolute error on the 8 mph stimulus speed. The type of task and stimulus speed affected performance variability differently. Based on the task characteristics and these data, it was concluded that optimal effector anticipation is more strongly linked to stimulus speed than receptor anticipation. Future studies will have to confirm this conclusion.

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Khaya Morris-Binelli, Sean Müller, and Peter Fadde

attempt has been made to determine whether game performance statistics are related to key theoretical and empirical factors of sport expertise such as visual anticipation. Better understanding of the relationship between testable attributes, such as visual anticipation, and batting performance statistics

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Damian Farrow, Bruce Abernethy, and Robin C. Jackson

Two experiments were conducted to examine whether the conclusions drawn regarding the timing of anticipatory information pick-up from temporal occlusion studies are influenced by whether (a) the viewing period is of variable or fixed duration and (b) the task is a laboratory-based one with simple responses or a natural one requiring a coupled, interceptive movement response. Skilled and novice tennis players either made pencil-and-paper predictions of service direction (Experiment 1) or attempted to hit return strokes (Experiment 2) to tennis serves while their vision was temporally occluded in either a traditional progressive mode (where more information was revealed in each subsequent occlusion condition) or a moving window mode (where the visual display was only available for a fixed duration with this window shifted to different phases of the service action). Conclusions regarding the timing of information pick-up were generally consistent across display mode and across task setting lending support to the veracity and generalisability of findings regarding perceptual expertise in existing laboratory-based progressive temporal occlusion studies.

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Joseph L. Thomas, David P. Broadbent, N. Viktor Gredin, Bradley J. Fawver, and A. Mark Williams

proficiency demonstrated by experts is illustrated by their superior ability to extract relevant visual information such as kinematic cues from a scene and to integrate this information with relevant contextual information such as opponent action preferences, to facilitate effective anticipation ( Abernethy

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Jonathan D. Connor, Robert G. Crowther, and Wade H. Sinclair

. Therefore, it is the aim of this study to examine the anticipation accuracy and related visual behavior of elite RL players compared with controls when anticipating two different evasive maneuvers (side- and split-steps). Based on similar research, it is hypothesized that the elite athletes would predict

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Itay Basevitch, Gershon Tenenbaum, Edson Filho, Selen Razon, Nataniel Boiangin, and Paul Ward

directed at identifying the underlying mechanisms accounting for superior anticipation in team sports. Even fewer scholars have examined the cognitive processes involved in assessing patterns of play (e.g., generating and prioritizing situational options) in team settings ( Raab & Johnson, 2007 ; Ward et

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Nicholas J. Smeeton, Matyas Varga, Joe Causer, and A. Mark Williams

disguise have on the anticipation of throw direction. As an alternative to the conventional manipulations used in previous studies, with the aid of computer simulation or willful actions being performed, for example, the design of three different garments were altered to disguise advance cues or deceive