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Anthony Rossi, Tina Claiborne and Jamie Fetter

  1E ). Even though the athlete’s aortic valve was abnormal, it appeared to be functioning adequately. Most importantly, the echocardiogram showed that the athlete’s heart had an abnormal connection between the aorta and left ventricle, known as an aortic-ventricular tunnel. Little research exists on

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Anthony Rossi, Tina Claiborne and Jamie Fetter

Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is the leading cause of sudden death in young athletes. It has been estimated that SCD occurs three times more often in athletes than in nonathletes and is defined as a sudden unexpected death due to a previously undiagnosed cardiac structural abnormality. The precise incidence of SCD is unclear, but various studies have estimated that 2–3% of the general population have some cardiovascular anomaly and that the SCD rate in athletes ranges from 1:50,000 to 1:200,000 athletes per year. According to the National Athletic Trainers’ Association (NATA) position statement on preventing sudden death, a report from the National Collegiate Athletic Association stated that the SCD rate in student-athletes is slightly higher, at 1:43,000 per year.