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Stress and Coping Experiences of U.K. Professional Football Managers During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Sofie Kent, Tracey Devonport, Rachel Arnold, and Faye Didymus

adopting different containment, testing, and sporting protocols for COVID-19, exploring the stress and coping experiences of elite coaches within the United Kingdom is warranted. Aligned with the transactional model of stress, it is essential to focus attention upon the appraisal of the stressors, the core

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Self-Compassion in the Stress Process in Women Athletes

Amber D. Mosewich, Catherine M. Sabiston, Kent C. Kowalski, Patrick Gaudreau, and Peter R.E. Crocker

-compassion might be related to stress through direct or indirect effects on appraisal, coping, affect, and goal progress. However, little empirical attention has been allocated to investigating this important theoretical position in sporting populations. Thus, the present studies explored the relations between

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A Preliminary Exploration of the Application of Self-Compassion Within the Context of Sport Injury

Zenzi Huysmans and Damien Clement

). In a stress-provoking environment, self-compassion has been found to mitigate the experience of anxiety ( Neff, Kirkpatrick, & Rude, 2007 ). Furthermore, it contributes to the appraisal process by facilitating healthier self-evaluative thoughts ( Neff, 2003 ; Neff et al., 2007 ). It is characterized

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“Mirror, Mirror, Am I as My Coach Sees Me?”: Discrepancy Between Athlete Self-Appraisals and Reflected Appraisals of Their Coach, and Relations With Athlete Burnout

David Trouilloud, Sandrine Isoard-Gautheur, and Valentin Roux

interpersonal processes by which a coach may influence an athlete’s attitudes and behaviors, some mechanisms have been understudied. For example, the reflected appraisal process has been highlighted by several theoretical frameworks (e.g., symbolic interactionism theory) to capture the idea that people perceive

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Athletes’ Coping With the COVID-19 Pandemic: The Role of Self-Compassion and Cognitive Appraisal

Brittney B. Aceron, Kathleen S. Wilson, Matt D. Hoffmann, and Lenny Wiersma

to cope with the stress may mitigate the impact on their quality of life. According to Lazarus and Folkman ( 1984 ), stress is caused by the interaction between an individual and their environment through continuous cognitive appraisal of stimuli resulting in a perceived demand. Lazarus and Folkman

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Stressors and Expected Performance of Soccer Athletes: The Role of Sport Confidence and Cognitive Appraisal

Catarina Morais, Clara Simães, A. Rui Gomes, and Beatriz M. Gonçalves

., Tamminen et al., 2016 ). In this study, we aimed to provide an understanding of how athletes perceive competitive stressors immediately before a competition, as well as how competitive stressors relate to cognitive appraisal, sport confidence, and expectations of performance. The patterns of relations

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The Experience of Competition Stress and Emotions in Cricket

Rich Neil, Harry C.R. Bowles, Scott Fleming, and Sheldon Hanton

The purpose of the study was to conduct an in-depth examination of the stress and emotion process experienced by three sub-elite-level male cricketers over a series of five competitive performances. Using reflective diaries and follow-up semistructured interviews, the findings highlighted the impact of appraisal, coping, and emotion on performance, with perceptions of control and self-confidence emerging as variables that can influence the emotive and behavioral outcomes of a stressful transaction. Postperformance, guided athlete reflection was advanced as a valuable tool in the production and application of idiographic coping behaviors that could enhance perceptions of control and self-confidence and influence stress and emotion processes.

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Simplicity Does Not Always Lead to Enlightenment: A Critical Commentary on “Adaptation Processes Affecting Performance in Elite Sport”

Katherine A. Tamminen and Peter R.E. Crocker

This paper is a critical commentary on the article “Adaptation Processes Affecting Performance in Elite Sport” (Schinke, Battochio, Lidor, Tenenbaum, Dube, & Lane, 2012). We review relevant literature and highlight theoretical and conceptual concerns regarding Schinke et al.’s model, particularly regarding their characterization of adaptation as a process versus an outcome, and the role of appraisals, emotions, emotional regulation, coping, and Fiske’s (2004) core motives within their model of adaptation. Adaptation or adjustment among elite athletes is a valuable area of research in sport psychology; however, Schinke et al.’s model oversimplifies the adaptation process and has limited utility among sport psychology researchers and practitioners.

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An Ego-Involving Motivational Climate Can Trigger Inflammation, a Threat Appraisal, and Basic Psychological Need Frustration in an Achievement Context

Candace M. Hogue

stress is the balance between demand and resource evaluations. Challenge appraisals (also referred to as challenge states) reflect motivated performance settings where evaluations of resources outweigh demands ( Crum et al., 2017 ). The research suggests challenge appraisals can foster more adaptive

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Examining How High School Athletic Directors Leverage Communication With Key Stakeholder Groups to Inform Performance Appraisals of Head Coaches

Tyler Ratts

engage in a review of coaching efforts that accurately portrays their true performance, athletic directors rely upon key stakeholder groups that can provide essential insight and feedback that help inform evaluations. The Performance Appraisal Process The performance appraisal process represents one of