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Andrew Evans, Robert Morris, Jamie Barker, Tom Johnson, Zoe Brenan, and Ben Warner

empathy because group or team members are provided with a greater understanding of each other’s personal experiences ( Dryden, 2006 ). PDMS would therefore appear to influence psychological outcomes through mechanisms underpinning person-centered counseling approaches (e.g., person-centered therapy; see

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Matthew P. Greig and Maurice R. Yeadon

In order to maximize the mass center vertical velocity at toe-off and thereby jump height the approach parameters in high jumping must be optimized. The present study aimed to determine the influence on jump height of the approach speed, the leg plant angle, and the knee angle at touchdown. Sixteen trials by an elite male high jumper were recorded in a single training session. Direct intervention was used to induce a change in technique so that a greater range in approach speed was obtained than was observed in competition. The optimum approach was shown to be fast (7.0 m · s–1) with the leg planted away from the vertical (34°) and with minimum knee flexion. A regression equation was obtained which was able to account for 79% of the observed variation in jump height. Jump height performance was shown to be most sensitive to changes in leg plant angle and knee angle at touchdown.

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Joachim Stoeber, Mark A. Uphill, and Sarah Hotham

The question of how perfectionism affects performance is highly debated. Because empirical studies examining perfectionism and competitive sport performance are missing, the present research investigated how perfectionism affected race performance and what role athletes’ goals played in this relationship in two prospective studies with competitive triathletes (Study 1: N = 112; Study 2: N = 321). Regression analyses showed that perfectionistic personal standards, high performance-approach goals, low performance-avoidance goals, and high personal goals predicted race performance beyond athletes’ performance level. Moreover, the contrast between performance-avoidance and performance-approach goals mediated the relationship between perfectionistic personal standards and performance, whereas personal goal setting mediated the relationship between performance-approach goals and performance. The findings indicate that perfectionistic personal standards do not undermine competitive performance, but are associated with goals that help athletes achieve their best possible performance.

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Martin J. Turner, Gillian Aspin, Faye F. Didymus, Rory Mack, Peter Olusoga, Andrew G. Wood, and Richard Bennett

A practitioner tasked with the provision of sport psychology usually has an opportunity to decide which framework(s) to draw on to inform applied work. Applied sport psychology historically draws mostly from cognitive-behavioral approaches to psychotherapy. Known as “the canon” ( Andersen, 2009

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Mark R. Lyberger

of successful outcomes ( Carkhuff & Berenson, 1983 ). Value-centric approaches help to instill educational and cultural values. They aim to achieve multifaceted development of intellect and spirit ( Iyer, 2013 ). To enable students to truly benefit from the knowledge provided by dynamic teaching

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Brigid M. Lynch, Suzanne C. Dixon-Suen, Andrea Ramirez Varela, Yi Yang, Dallas R. English, Ding Ding, Paul A. Gardiner, and Terry Boyle

–outcome associations. In this study, we outline a range of approaches that we believe can be used to facilitate improvement in causal inference in observational physical activity studies. We also discuss the impact of measurement error on results and methods to minimize this, to help clarify the actual effect that

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Dean Barker, Gunn Nyberg, and Hakan Larsson

forth. Both movement capability and different forms of movement education have garnered substantial interest in recent times ( Barker, Bergentoft, & Nyberg, 2017 ; Light & Kentel, 2015 ; Renshaw, Chow, Davids, & Hammond, 2010 ). In this section, we examine three general “approaches:” (a) a direct

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Samuel Ryan, Thomas Kempton, and Aaron J. Coutts

outcome measures when conducting observational analysis of athlete preparation data. 7 This can lead to erroneous conclusions when assessing the effect of monitoring measures on outcomes such as injury risk and performance. 7 One approach to address the issue of data overload in athlete monitoring is to

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Sarah Zipp, Tavis Smith, and Simon Darnell

Recently, two trends have emerged within the theorizing and assessment of sport for development (SFD): a critical feminist approach, which examines how gender is experienced in SFD, questioning traditional SFD approaches that may unwittingly reinforce restrictive gender roles ( Carney & Chawansky

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Laura Martin and Martin Camiré

Sport represents a social practice of great influence ( Camiré, 2015 ), and when appropriately structured, it can provide tangible opportunities for positive youth development (PYD; Larson, 2000 ). The PYD approach entails asset-building efforts aimed at promoting a number of constructive outcomes