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Bianca Miarka, Fábio Dal Bello, Ciro J. Brito, Fabrício B. Del Vecchio, John Amtmann, and Karim Chamari

Performance analyses have been applied to investigate movements during mixed martial arts (MMA) competition and have created an accurate picture of the activity patterns that occur in the sport of MMA. 1 , 2 MMA bouts are typically decided by tactical methods with the intentional goal to

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Diego Alves dos Santos, Bianca Miarka, Fabio dal Bello, Andreia Cristiane Carrenho Queiroz, Pedro Henrique Berbert de Carvalho, Ciro José Brito, and Ralph Beneke

Performance in mixed martial arts (MMA) competitions is questionably the highest assessment of physiological integration, where cardiovascular, respiratory, neuromuscular, and cognitive systems must all be articulated. 1 , 2 Indeed, preceding authors noted that much could be learned about human

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Thomas Hausegger, Christian Vater, and Ernst-Joachim Hossner

sports, this strategy would imply that a gaze-anchoring location around the opponent’s chest should be preferred. This expectation is, in fact, well supported by existing empirical evidence on gaze behavior in martial arts. Ripoll, Kerlirzin, Stein, and Reine ( 1995 ) compared athletes with three

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Dean J. Kriellaars, John Cairney, Marco A.C. Bortoleto, Tia K.M. Kiez, Dean Dudley, and Patrice Aubertin

development of PL and, therefore, potentially increasing PA, is circus arts. Circus arts instruction (CAI) involves the development of movement skills across five families of circus disciplines (acrobatics, manipulation, equilibrium, aerials, and clowning) for the artistic expression of individual and

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Mathew Hillier, Louise Sutton, Lewis James, Dara Mojtahedi, Nicola Keay, and Karen Hind

Mixed martial arts (MMA) is a combat sport, with bouts defined by weight divisions ( Reale et al., 2017 ) with the aim of endorsing balanced and stimulating matches while reducing potential injuries that may result from substitutional differences in weight ( Mendes et al., 2013 ). For the athlete

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Oliver R. Barley, Dale W. Chapman, and Chris R. Abbiss

been observed in many combat sports, such as mixed martial arts (MMA), boxing, taekwondo (TKD), karate, wrestling, judo, and kickboxing. 3 – 7 There is a large range of methods employed by combat sports athletes to lose weight, though the most common methods are body fluid manipulation and food

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Victor Silveira Coswig, Bianca Miarka, Daniel Alvarez Pires, Levy Mendes da Silva, Charles Bartel, and Fabrício Boscolo Del Vecchio

Mixed martial arts (MMA) is a combat sport in which athletes aim to knockout or submit opponents through striking and grappling techniques, respectively, in both standing and ground positions ( Coswig et al., 2016a ; Kirk et al., 2015 ; Miarka et al., 2016 ). As with almost all combat sports, MMA

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Vinícius Y.B. Suetake, Emerson Franchini, Bruna T.C. Saraiva, Anne K.F. da Silva, Aline F.B. Bernardo, Rayane L. Gomes, Luiz Carlos M. Vanderlei, and Diego G.D. Christofaro

cardiac modulation need to be better explored ( 38 ). One group of sports widely practiced today is the martial arts, which are characterized by intermittent activities in which well-developed aerobic fitness is required to support the volume of training and subsequent fighting, as well as anaerobic

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Jamie Taber and Kat Longshore

As mixed martial arts (MMA) has become a more popular and technical sport ( Downey, 2007 ), it has also begun to receive more attention from sport psychologists. Elite fighters in past studies demonstrated the extreme mental stress inherent to the sport and indicated a need for improved skills to

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Rob J. Rotunda and Stuart Ryan

strategy advocated for youth is to offer programming that emphasizes physical activity, mental discipline, and the unity of mind and body, like that found in the various martial-arts (MA) practices ( Vertonghen & Theeboom, 2010 ; Winkle & Ozmun, 2003 ). Brown and Johnson ( 2000 ) contend that MA fosters