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Bianca Miarka, Fábio Dal Bello, Ciro J. Brito, Fabrício B. Del Vecchio, John Amtmann and Karim Chamari

Performance analyses have been applied to investigate movements during mixed martial arts (MMA) competition and have created an accurate picture of the activity patterns that occur in the sport of MMA. 1 , 2 MMA bouts are typically decided by tactical methods with the intentional goal to

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Diego Alves dos Santos, Bianca Miarka, Fabio dal Bello, Andreia Cristiane Carrenho Queiroz, Pedro Henrique Berbert de Carvalho, Ciro José Brito and Ralph Beneke

Performance in mixed martial arts (MMA) competitions is questionably the highest assessment of physiological integration, where cardiovascular, respiratory, neuromuscular, and cognitive systems must all be articulated. 1 , 2 Indeed, preceding authors noted that much could be learned about human

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Thomas Hausegger, Christian Vater and Ernst-Joachim Hossner

sports, this strategy would imply that a gaze-anchoring location around the opponent’s chest should be preferred. This expectation is, in fact, well supported by existing empirical evidence on gaze behavior in martial arts. Ripoll, Kerlirzin, Stein, and Reine ( 1995 ) compared athletes with three

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Dean J. Kriellaars, John Cairney, Marco A.C. Bortoleto, Tia K.M. Kiez, Dean Dudley and Patrice Aubertin

development of PL and, therefore, potentially increasing PA, is circus arts. Circus arts instruction (CAI) involves the development of movement skills across five families of circus disciplines (acrobatics, manipulation, equilibrium, aerials, and clowning) for the artistic expression of individual and

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Mathew Hillier, Louise Sutton, Lewis James, Dara Mojtahedi, Nicola Keay and Karen Hind

Mixed martial arts (MMA) is a combat sport, with bouts defined by weight divisions ( Reale et al., 2017 ) with the aim of endorsing balanced and stimulating matches while reducing potential injuries that may result from substitutional differences in weight ( Mendes et al., 2013 ). For the athlete

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Oliver R. Barley, Dale W. Chapman and Chris R. Abbiss

been observed in many combat sports, such as mixed martial arts (MMA), boxing, taekwondo (TKD), karate, wrestling, judo, and kickboxing. 3 – 7 There is a large range of methods employed by combat sports athletes to lose weight, though the most common methods are body fluid manipulation and food

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Victor Silveira Coswig, Bianca Miarka, Daniel Alvarez Pires, Levy Mendes da Silva, Charles Bartel and Fabrício Boscolo Del Vecchio

Mixed martial arts (MMA) is a combat sport in which athletes aim to knockout or submit opponents through striking and grappling techniques, respectively, in both standing and ground positions ( Coswig et al., 2016a ; Kirk et al., 2015 ; Miarka et al., 2016 ). As with almost all combat sports, MMA

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Vinícius Y.B. Suetake, Emerson Franchini, Bruna T.C. Saraiva, Anne K.F. da Silva, Aline F.B. Bernardo, Rayane L. Gomes, Luiz Carlos M. Vanderlei and Diego G.D. Christofaro

cardiac modulation need to be better explored ( 38 ). One group of sports widely practiced today is the martial arts, which are characterized by intermittent activities in which well-developed aerobic fitness is required to support the volume of training and subsequent fighting, as well as anaerobic

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Sharon R. Guthrie

Self-esteem changes among adult women who had been practicing seido karate for at least six months and had acquired the perceived ability to physically self-defend were examined in this study. The research site was a feminist martial arts dojo for women in a midwestern state. Thirty women, aged 26-62, participated in strucured interviews. All of the women perceived improvements in self-esteem after participating in martial arts training for at least six months. These self-esteem changes were perceived to be related to improvement in physical self-perception. Recovery from psychosexual abuse, eating disorders, substance abuse, and growing up in dysfunctional families was another commonly perceived consequence of martial arts training, and most of the participants who had experienced such problems believed their martial arts practice was a valuable adjunct to traditional therapeutic approaches. Significantly, however, they viewed certain aspects of the feminist environment, particularly its gynocentricity, as essential to the self change process. A relationship between the martial arts experience, particularly gaining the ability to defend oneself physically, and other attitudes and behaviors related to self-perception is suggested.

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Andreas M. Kasper, Ben Crighton, Carl Langan-Evans, Philip Riley, Asheesh Sharma, Graeme L. Close and James P. Morton

Mixed martial arts (MMA) is a full contact combat sport often referred to as cage fighting or ultimate fighting . When compared with other combat sports ( Alderman et al., 2004 ; Davis et al., 2001 ; Kiningham & Gorenflo, 2001 ; Kordi et al., 2011 ; Morton et al., 2010 ; Oppliger et