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Ralf Brand and Franziska Antoniewicz

Sometimes our automatic evaluations do not correspond well with those we can reflect on and articulate. We present a novel approach to the assessment of automatic and reflective affective evaluations of exercising. Based on the assumptions of the associative-propositional processes in evaluation model, we measured participants’ automatic evaluations of exercise and then shared this information with them, asked them to reflect on it and rate eventual discrepancy between their reflective evaluation and the assessment of their automatic evaluation. We found that mismatch between self-reported ideal exercise frequency and actual exercise frequency over the previous 14 weeks could be regressed on the discrepancy between a relatively negative automatic and a more positive reflective evaluation. This study illustrates the potential of a dual-process approach to the measurement of evaluative responses and suggests that mistrusting one’s negative spontaneous reaction to exercise and asserting a very positive reflective evaluation instead leads to the adoption of inflated exercise goals.

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Steven Nagib and Shelley W. Linens

Clinical Scenario Although headache is the most commonly reported symptom associated with concussion, dizziness comes in at a close second with report rates between 66% and 77%. 1 This statistic is concerning as dizziness may be a predictor of prolonged recovery. 1 Any patient, who has symptoms

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Álvaro Cuñado-González, Aitor Martín-Pintado-Zugasti, and Ángel L. Rodríguez-Fernández

, 6 , 10 Acute injuries, including ankle and finger sprains, are the most frequent injuries. They can also arise from chronic overuse, particularly to the knee and shoulder regions 6 , 8 , 11 ; it has been suggested that these injuries are typically associated with faulty technique, the amount of

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Zach Fassett, Adam E. Jagodinsky, David Q. Thomas, and Skip M. Williams

impact loads across a variety of physical activities. McKay et al ( 22 ) investigated the loading profiles of similar activities associated with an elementary school jumping intervention with results that elicited loading magnitudes between 2 and 5 BW. It demonstrated that several different impact

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Mahin Aghdaei, Alireza Farsi, Maryam Khalaji, and Jared Porter

utilize an associative or dissociative attention allocation strategy. When a mover adopts an associative attention policy, they are focusing on bodily function or sensations (e.g., muscle contractions, breathing), in contrast, when a dissociation strategy is used, the mover blocks out sensory perception

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Rodrigo Antunes Lima, Karin A. Pfeiffer, Niels Christian Møller, Lars Bo Andersen, and Anna Bugge

2 studies had a longitudinal design. 6 , 12 One study found that accelerometry-based SED time and academic performance were positively, longitudinally associated, whereas screen time was negatively associated with academic performance. 12 Both longitudinal studies found that time spent studying or

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Takahiro Ogawa, Yuki Sueyoshi, Shintaro Taketomi, and Nobumasa Chijiiwa

. Therefore, osteoporosis-related fracture is associated with age-related sarcopenia. Skeletal muscle is essential for older adults to maintain health and physical activity. Vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) of the spine are common in older adults, with approximately 1.5 million VCFs annually in the

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Juliana Souza de Oliveira, Catherine Sherrington, Louise Rowling, and Anne Tiedemann

associated with more frequent Strong Seniors class attendance. Methods Study Design and Participants We used a self-report survey and conducted a mixed-methods study among current Strong Seniors program participants. Study recruitment flyers were circulated via an e-mail list and also posted on a

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Jian Xu, Poram Choi, Robert W. Motl, and Stamatis Agiovlasitis

adults with ID ( Bollaert, Marsh, Cutter, & Motl, 2017 ; Davis et al., 2014 ; Oppewal & Hilgenkamp, 2018 ). An SPPB score <10 is associated with increased risk of all-cause mortality ( Pavasini et al., 2016 ). SPPB has the highest validity, reliability, and responsiveness to interventions among 12

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Scott W. Cheatham, Kyle R. Stull, Mike Fantigrassi, and Ian Montel

musculoskeletal conditions on squat performance. Other factors, such as increased hip muscle pain, fatigue, and tightness, are also of interest as they often accompany hip joint conditions and can affect exercise performance. 8 , 12 – 15 A large body of evidence exists that associates hip muscle weakness with