Social support and negative social interactions have implications for athlete psychological health, with potential to influence the links of stress-related experiences with burnout and well-being over time. Using a longitudinal design, perceived social support and negative social interactions were examined as potential moderators of the temporal stress–burnout and burnout–well-being relationships. American collegiate athletes (N = 465) completed reliable and valid online assessments of study variables at four time points during the competitive season. After controlling for dispositional and conceptually important variables, social support and negative social interactions did not moderate the stress–burnout or burnout–well-being relationships, respectively, but did simultaneously contribute to burnout and well-being across the competitive season. The results showcase the importance of sport-related social perceptions to athlete psychological outcomes over time and inform development of socially driven interventions to improve the psychological health of competitive athletes.
J. D. DeFreese and Alan L. Smith
J.D. DeFreese and Alan L. Smith
Pacewicz, Mellano, & Smith, 2019 ). Accordingly, athlete social perceptions may help predict (and contextualize) profiles of burnout development. Within variable-centered designs, both positive and negative social perceptions have been linked to athlete burnout perceptions (e.g., DeFreese & Smith, 2013
Ralph Appleby, Paul Davis, Louise Davis, and Henrik Gustafsson
between athletes’ own levels of burnout and their perceptions of teammates’ burnout requires further study to elucidate the underpinning mechanisms that influence athletes’ social perceptions as well as their performance and wellbeing. References Bakker , A.B. , Demerouti , E. , & Schaufeli , W