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Pamela Wicker, Sören Dallmeyer, and Christoph Breuer

conditions, affect sporting success, but off-field determinants, which are reflected in athleteswell-being, also do ( Dunn, 2014 ). Therefore, in recent years, the notion of athlete well-being has become increasingly important in the policy debate. For example, the Australian Institute of Sport ( 2019

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Courtney C. Walton, Kelsey J. Lewis, James Kirby, Rosemary Purcell, Simon M. Rice, and Margaret S. Osborne

; Steindl et al., 2021 ). It is useful to examine how separate aspects of self-compassion may contribute to athlete well-being. Numerous studies have demonstrated that self-compassion can act as a predictor or mediator of well-being across a range of models and populations ( Zessin et al., 2015 ). However

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Suzanna Russell, David G. Jenkins, Shona L. Halson, Laura E. Juliff, Mark J. Connick, and Vincent G. Kelly

strategies to optimize athlete performance and well-being. 3 The aims of the present study were to determine whether mental fatigue alters across a season in elite netballers and to examine relationships among mental fatigue and other common measures of athlete well-being. Methods Subjects The participants

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Alan L. Smith, Karl Erickson, and Leapetswe Malete

scholarship over the past 4 decades and that a solid foundation has been established for further advancements in this area of inquiry. As we consider the next 4 decades, how can the ISYS and other leading scholars and collaboratives make meaningful advancements that will contribute to young athleteswell-being

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María Sol Alvarez, Isabel Balaguer, Isabel Castillo, and Joan L. Duda

Drawing from the theories of self-determination (SDT; Ryan & Deci, 2000) achievement goals (AGT; Nicholls, 1989), and, in particular, Vallerand’s four-stage casual sequence embedded in his hierarchical model of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation (HMIEM; Vallerand, 1997, 2001), this study tested a motivational model in the sport context via structural equation modeling (SEM). Based on the responses of 370 young male soccer players (M age = 14.77), the path analysis results offered overall support for the proposed model. A perceived task-involving climate emerged as a positive predictor of the satisfaction of the three psychological needs, while a perceived ego-involving climate was a negative predictor of related-ness satisfaction. The results also support positive paths between satisfaction of the three psychological needs and intrinsic motivation, while intrinsic motivation was positively linked to subjective vitality and future intention to participate. The implications of the coach-created motivational climate are discussed in the light of its implications for the quality and potential maintenance of sport involvement among young athletes.

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Leslie W. Podlog, John Heil, Ryan D. Burns, Sean Bergeson, Tom Iriye, Brad Fawver, and A. Mark Williams

capabilities. Based on previous research demonstrating improvements in athlete well-being and functional abilities as rehabilitation progresses ( Evans et al., 2000 ; Clement et al., 2015 ; Tracey, 2003 ), we hypothesized that both control and experimental groups would demonstrate changes over time in our

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Gregory A. Cranmer and Sara LaBelle

information management ( Afifi & Weiner, 2004 ; Brashers, 2001 ; Petronio, 2004 ), and recent focus on sport and athlete well-being ( Cranmer & Brann, 2015 ; Cranmer & Sollitto, 2015 ). In other words, the topic of concussions should be viewed not only as a health issue but also as a communicative issue

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Anne Holding, Jo-Annie Fortin, Joëlle Carpentier, Nora Hope, and Richard Koestner

( Stambulova, 2016 ; Webb et al., 1998 ). Nevertheless, the current literature does not offer a theoretical background rooted in motivation psychology for why retiring out of a sense of personal choice and identification is more beneficial for athleteswell-being than retiring because of internal or external

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J.D. DeFreese and Alan L. Smith

Person-centered investigations of athlete burnout have utility to unearth novel information about this developmental experience within the social environment of competitive sport. Guided by extant theory, conceptually proposed developmental patterns of athlete burnout were examined across a season as expressed in profiles of emotional and physical exhaustion, reduced accomplishment, and sport devaluation perceptions. Athlete social perceptions were also explored as predictors of profile membership. Collegiate athletes (N = 129) completed established assessments of study variables at four in-season time points. Latent profile analysis revealed profiles characterized by athletes experiencing the three burnout dimensions similarly at any given time point, with the notable exception of exhaustion being more frequently experienced in some profiles. Social support perceptions predicted profile membership with moderate success. Trends in profile stability provide some support for consideration of exhaustion-driven burnout experiences. Results shed light on the theoretical pathways of burnout development and inform continued longitudinal burnout research efforts.

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Misia Gervis, Helen Pickford, Hanna Nygârd, and Aura Goldman

Injuries, and their psychological and maladaptive behavioral consequences, are an inevitable by-product of sport participation. This study sought to investigate the prevalence of maladaptive behaviors and psychological corollaries of long-term injury in order to understand if these are universal experiences of long-term injured athletes. Competitive athletes (n = 187; average time spent injured =43 weeks), across a range of sports completed an online questionnaire developed to investigate the psychological and behavioral consequences of long-term injury. Results indicated that negative symptoms after injury were a universal experience and are the “normal” response to injury, not the “exception.” The most prevalent psychological consequences were rumination (97.9%), boredom (94.7%), and fear of reinjury (93.6%). Furthermore, indicators of suicidal ideation were reported by more than 50% of participants. Factor analysis revealed a six-factor model: (a) self-sabotaging behavior, (b) daily functioning, (c) addictive behavior, (d) clinical issues, (e) fixation on injury, and (f) compromised athletic identity. All factors significantly correlated with debilitating impact. Thus, this study calls for a change to the support of long-term injured athletes to include routine psychological care.