Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 6,980 items for :

  • Refine by Access: All Content x
Clear All
Restricted access

Richard E. Tahtinen and Hafrun Kristjansdottir

athletes transition into elite sports ( Rice et al., 2016 ). It is not until recently however that the prevalence of mental health disorders, such as anxiety and depression, have been systematically explored among athlete populations. Previous studies have reported highly variable prevalence rates in

Restricted access

Johanna Belz, Jens Kleinert, Jeannine Ohlert, Thea Rau, and Marc Allroggen

There is strong evidence that physical activity and exercise have a positive effect on mental health ( Paluska & Schwenk, 2000 ; Ströhle et al., 2007 ). One might assume, therefore, that competitive athletes are less susceptible to mental disorders such as depression. A recent meta-analysis and a

Restricted access

Gabriella Whitcomb-Khan, Nick Wadsworth, Kristin McGinty-Minister, Stewart Bicker, Laura Swettenham, and David Tod

The journey of a professional athlete inevitably involves various critical moments, which are “those frequently experienced moments in our lives when we must confront the anxiety associated with an important change in our identity” ( Nesti et al., 2012 , p. 25; Ronkainen et al., 2014 ). One

Open access

International Olympic Committee Expert Group on Dietary Supplements in Athletes

widespread among elite athletes, as it is in the general population. Users cite many different reasons for consuming dietary supplements, though these reasons are often based on unfounded beliefs rather than on any clear understanding of the issues at stake, and may reflect encouragement from individuals who

Restricted access

Shelby J. Martin and Timothy Anderson

Athletes represent a high-risk population for eating pathology (EP) and eating disorders. Indeed, compared to the 0.9–3.5% prevalence rate of eating disorders in the general population ( Americal Psychological Association [APA], 2013 ), the prevalence of DSM-diagnosed eating disorders in athletes

Restricted access

A.P. (Karin) de Bruin and Raôul R.D. Oudejans

Recent studies have shown that a contextual body image approach seems to be a promising framework for a better understanding of athletes’ disordered eating ( Anderson, Reilly, Gorrell, & Anderson, 2016 ; De Bruin, Oudejans, Bakker, & Woertman, 2011 ; Kong & Harris, 2015 ; Krentz & Warschburger

Restricted access

Carol R. Glass, Claire A. Spears, Rokas Perskaudas, and Keith A. Kaufman

Traditional mental training approaches for athletes typically involve somatic and cognitive techniques such as imagery, relaxation, and changing negative self-talk into more positive cognitions, with the goal of changing or controlling internal states in order to optimize athletic performance

Restricted access

Alexandre H. Nowotny, Mariane Guizeline Calderon, Bruno Mazziotti O. Alves, Marcio R. de Oliveira, Rodrigo A. de Carvalho Andraus, Andreo F. Aguiar, Cesar F. Amorim, Guillaume Leonard, and Rubens A. da Silva

physical performance and can cause athletes to drop out of training and competition. 1 , 3 The majority of low-back injuries in athletes occur during competitions and are often diagnosed as nonspecific contusions, sprains, or strains, which may be defined as pain, muscle soreness, or discomfort in the

Restricted access

Byron L. Zamboanga, Nathan T. Kearns, Janine V. Olthuis, Heidemarie Blumenthal, and Renee M. Cloutier

, 2016 ). In addition, emerging adults who attend college drink more than their non-college attending peers ( Carter, Brandon, & Goldman, 2010 ) and are at risk for experiencing negative drinking consequences ( Merrill & Carey, 2016 ). College student-athletes in particular drink more and experience more

Restricted access

Kelly Pritchett, Robert C. Pritchett, Lauren Stark, Elizabeth Broad, and Melissa LaCroix

associated with increased incidence of hypertension, cardiovascular disease, multiple sclerosis, cancer, and decreased bone density ( Berridge, 2015 ; Holick, 2004 , 2007 ; Wong et al., 2015 ). Recent studies have estimated that 33–94% of athletes are vitamin D deficient ( Constantini, Arieli, Chodick