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Richard E. Tahtinen and Hafrun Kristjansdottir

athletes transition into elite sports ( Rice et al., 2016 ). It is not until recently however that the prevalence of mental health disorders, such as anxiety and depression, have been systematically explored among athlete populations. Previous studies have reported highly variable prevalence rates in

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Johanna Belz, Jens Kleinert, Jeannine Ohlert, Thea Rau, and Marc Allroggen

There is strong evidence that physical activity and exercise have a positive effect on mental health ( Paluska & Schwenk, 2000 ; Ströhle et al., 2007 ). One might assume, therefore, that competitive athletes are less susceptible to mental disorders such as depression. A recent meta-analysis and a

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Gabriella Whitcomb-Khan, Nick Wadsworth, Kristin McGinty-Minister, Stewart Bicker, Laura Swettenham, and David Tod

The journey of a professional athlete inevitably involves various critical moments, which are “those frequently experienced moments in our lives when we must confront the anxiety associated with an important change in our identity” ( Nesti et al., 2012 , p. 25; Ronkainen et al., 2014 ). One

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Ahmed S. Alhowimel, Aqeel M. Alenazi, Mohammed M. Alshehri, Bader A. Alqahtani, Abdulaziz Aljaman, Hosam Alzahrani, Faris Alodaibi, and Simon M. Rice

The prevalence of mental health symptoms and problems among athletes is significant and comparable to that of the general population. 1 – 3 For elite athletes, the prevalence varies from 19% for alcohol misuse to 34% for anxiety/depression. 4 Stressors, both general and sport-specific, may

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Daniel J. Madigan, Luke F. Olsson, Andrew P. Hill, and Thomas Curran

Over the past 2 decades, considerable effort has been dedicated to understanding the antecedents and consequences of athlete burnout (e.g.,  Eklund & DeFreese, 2020 ; Gustafsson, DeFreese, et al., 2017 ; Smith et al., 2019 ). However, to date, there has been no systematic examination of changes

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Sebastian S. Sandgren, Emma Haycraft, and Carolyn R. Plateau

Athletes are at a heightened risk for the development of eating psychopathology, including disordered eating and unhealthy exercise (e.g., food restriction, occasional bingeing/purging, compulsive exercise) and clinical eating disorders (e.g., bulimia nervosa; Joy et al., 2016 ). Controlled

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Shelby J. Martin and Timothy Anderson

Athletes represent a high-risk population for eating pathology (EP) and eating disorders. Indeed, compared to the 0.9–3.5% prevalence rate of eating disorders in the general population ( Americal Psychological Association [APA], 2013 ), the prevalence of DSM-diagnosed eating disorders in athletes

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A.P. (Karin) de Bruin and Raôul R.D. Oudejans

Recent studies have shown that a contextual body image approach seems to be a promising framework for a better understanding of athletes’ disordered eating ( Anderson, Reilly, Gorrell, & Anderson, 2016 ; De Bruin, Oudejans, Bakker, & Woertman, 2011 ; Kong & Harris, 2015 ; Krentz & Warschburger

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widespread among elite athletes, as it is in the general population. Users cite many different reasons for consuming dietary supplements, though these reasons are often based on unfounded beliefs rather than on any clear understanding of the issues at stake, and may reflect encouragement from individuals who

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Carol R. Glass, Claire A. Spears, Rokas Perskaudas, and Keith A. Kaufman

Traditional mental training approaches for athletes typically involve somatic and cognitive techniques such as imagery, relaxation, and changing negative self-talk into more positive cognitions, with the goal of changing or controlling internal states in order to optimize athletic performance