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Facilitators of Attendance and Adherence to Group-Based Physical Activity for Older Adults: A Literature Synthesis

Cassandra J. de Lacy-Vawdon, Ruth Klein, Joanna Schwarzman, Genevieve Nolan, Renee de Silva, David Menzies, and Ben J. Smith

investigation, within program delivery, of the range of factors that facilitate attendance and adherence by older participants. A systematic review of barriers and facilitators of falls-prevention programs, including falls-prevention classes and general PA classes, described social support, PA intensity, self

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Air Pollution and Attendance in the Chinese Super League: Environmental Economics and the Demand for Sport

Nicholas M. Watanabe, Grace Yan, Brian P. Soebbing, and Wantong Fu

pollution and attendance at soccer matches in China’s Chinese Super League (CSL), where deteriorating air quality in recent years presents everyday challenges for urban activities ( Ebenstein, Fan, Greenstone, He, & Zhou, 2017 ). In places like Beijing, for example, the average daily air pollution between

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Factors Affecting Exercise Attendance and Completion in Sedentary Older Adults: A Meta-Analytic Approach

Seung-Youn Hong, Susan Hughes, and Thomas Prohaska


Many different constructs are used currently in the literature to assess exercise adherence. This study examined whether the same or different variables predict exercise attendance and exercise completion among sedentary older adults.


Thirty-seven randomized control trials were selected from articles published between 1980 and 2000 that tested exercise interventions for sedentary older adults. Block-entry, weighted, hierarchical meta-regression analyses were conducted.


Different factors predicted attendance and completion. Group-based (P < .05) and resistance exercise (P < .1) predicted higher attendance rates than individual-based and aerobic exercise. In contrast, facility-based exercise was associated with higher completion rates than home-based exercise (P < .1).


Results show that completing a program is not synonymous with good attendance. Program designers need to consider different strategies to boost both of these rates that need to be maximized to best benefit program participants.

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On the Road With Minor League Baseball Externalities

Scott Tainsky, Brian M. Mills, Zainab Hans, and Kyunghee Lee

Michael Jordan alone generated over $50 million in additional road attendance revenue. Thus, it is clear that the question of opponent player externalities in sports is both theoretically and practically relevant to sport management. Location-based spillover effects have also been demonstrated in a number

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Determinants of Attendance in Major League Soccer

John Charles Bradbury

Soccer (MLS) began operating in 1996 following the United States hosting the 1994 FIFA World Cup. The league struggled during its first decade of operation, fluctuating between 10 and 12 clubs, with an average attendance that stagnated at around 15,000 spectators per game (see Figure  1 ). Since that

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Understanding Season Ticket Holder Attendance Decisions

Adam Karg, Jeremy Nguyen, and Heath McDonald

event settings, including live sport ( Schreyer, 2019 ; Schreyer & Däuper, 2018 ). There is growing evidence that people pay for tickets, but do not use them. However, exactly what is impacting decision making and attendance is currently not well understood. Given the importance of maximizing game

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Channel Preferences Among Sport Consumers: Profiling Media-Dominant Consumers

Adam Karg, Heath McDonald, and Civilai Leckie

Sport consumption is defined as “the manner in which a spectator interacts with the witnessed action that occurs during an event” ( Madrigal, 2006 , p. 268). Professional sports, like many products, are consumed via different channels. Live attendance is the traditional way to view sports, but

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College Sport and Declining Stadium Attendance: Designing Adaptive Strategies

Gashaw Abeza, Norm O’Reilly, Kyle Kashuck, Joshua Law, and Alexandra Speck

which universities operate ( Baade, Baumann, & Matheson, 2008 ; Goff, 2000 ; Humphreys & Mondello, 2007 ), and a body of research exists related to attendance at football games (e.g.,  Fizel & Bennett, 1989 ; Price & Sen, 2003 ). As Solomon ( 2016 ) reported, fans’ stadium attendance at football

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A Sense of Connection: Examining Social Identity and Adherence to a School-Based Exercise Club

Mark W. Bruner, Colin McLaren, and Kevin S. Spink

exercise with others rather than alone (e.g.,  Beauchamp, Carron, McCutcheon, & Harper, 2007 ). Furthermore, exercising with others has been associated with adherence in exercise settings (e.g., attendance; Harden et al., 2015 ). A review of the extant literature reveals a focus on the relations between

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Driving Female Student Attendance at Sizable State University

Liz Sattler, Claire Trattner, and Rebecca Achen

Sizable State Athletics associate athletic director for marketing, Grace Perkins, has called an emergency meeting with her marketing staff and other leaders across the athletic department to address the concerning attendance numbers and ultimately, develop marketing strategies to improve student