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Cassandra J. de Lacy-Vawdon, Ruth Klein, Joanna Schwarzman, Genevieve Nolan, Renee de Silva, David Menzies, and Ben J. Smith

investigation, within program delivery, of the range of factors that facilitate attendance and adherence by older participants. A systematic review of barriers and facilitators of falls-prevention programs, including falls-prevention classes and general PA classes, described social support, PA intensity, self

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Nicholas M. Watanabe, Grace Yan, Brian P. Soebbing, and Wantong Fu

pollution and attendance at soccer matches in China’s Chinese Super League (CSL), where deteriorating air quality in recent years presents everyday challenges for urban activities ( Ebenstein, Fan, Greenstone, He, & Zhou, 2017 ). In places like Beijing, for example, the average daily air pollution between

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Seung-Youn Hong, Susan Hughes, and Thomas Prohaska

Background:

Many different constructs are used currently in the literature to assess exercise adherence. This study examined whether the same or different variables predict exercise attendance and exercise completion among sedentary older adults.

Methods:

Thirty-seven randomized control trials were selected from articles published between 1980 and 2000 that tested exercise interventions for sedentary older adults. Block-entry, weighted, hierarchical meta-regression analyses were conducted.

Results:

Different factors predicted attendance and completion. Group-based (P < .05) and resistance exercise (P < .1) predicted higher attendance rates than individual-based and aerobic exercise. In contrast, facility-based exercise was associated with higher completion rates than home-based exercise (P < .1).

Conclusions:

Results show that completing a program is not synonymous with good attendance. Program designers need to consider different strategies to boost both of these rates that need to be maximized to best benefit program participants.

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John Charles Bradbury

Soccer (MLS) began operating in 1996 following the United States hosting the 1994 FIFA World Cup. The league struggled during its first decade of operation, fluctuating between 10 and 12 clubs, with an average attendance that stagnated at around 15,000 spectators per game (see Figure  1 ). Since that

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Adam Karg, Jeremy Nguyen, and Heath McDonald

event settings, including live sport ( Schreyer, 2019 ; Schreyer & Däuper, 2018 ). There is growing evidence that people pay for tickets, but do not use them. However, exactly what is impacting decision making and attendance is currently not well understood. Given the importance of maximizing game

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Scott Tainsky, Brian M. Mills, Zainab Hans, and Kyunghee Lee

Michael Jordan alone generated over $50 million in additional road attendance revenue. Thus, it is clear that the question of opponent player externalities in sports is both theoretically and practically relevant to sport management. Location-based spillover effects have also been demonstrated in a number

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Gashaw Abeza, Norm O’Reilly, Kyle Kashuck, Joshua Law, and Alexandra Speck

which universities operate ( Baade, Baumann, & Matheson, 2008 ; Goff, 2000 ; Humphreys & Mondello, 2007 ), and a body of research exists related to attendance at football games (e.g.,  Fizel & Bennett, 1989 ; Price & Sen, 2003 ). As Solomon ( 2016 ) reported, fans’ stadium attendance at football

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Adam Karg, Heath McDonald, and Civilai Leckie

Sport consumption is defined as “the manner in which a spectator interacts with the witnessed action that occurs during an event” ( Madrigal, 2006 , p. 268). Professional sports, like many products, are consumed via different channels. Live attendance is the traditional way to view sports, but

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Hua Gong, Nicholas M. Watanabe, Brian P. Soebbing, Matthew T. Brown, and Mark S. Nagel

research by utilizing a big data approach to measure consumer discussion and sentiments toward tanking on social media and then analyzing whether these factors are related to attendance demand at National Basketball Association (NBA) games. The adoption of big data in management research is an important

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Colin B. Shore, Gill Hubbard, Trish Gorely, Robert Polson, Angus Hunter, and Stuart D. Galloway

available to allow for components associated with effectiveness to be replicated in future schemes. Factors such as reporting of referral uptake, attendance, and adherence, and the behavior change techniques (BCTs) underpinning ERS uptake and adherence are key components to understand for the following