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Ego Depletion and Attention Regulation Under Pressure: Is a Temporary Loss of Self-Control Strength Indeed Related to Impaired Attention Regulation?

Chris Englert, Kris Zwemmer, Alex Bertrams, and Raôul R.D. Oudejans

In the current study we investigated whether ego depletion negatively affects attention regulation under pressure in sports by assessing participants’ dart throwing performance and accompanying gaze behavior. According to the strength model of self-control, the most important aspect of self-control is attention regulation. Because higher levels of state anxiety are associated with impaired attention regulation, we chose a mixed design with ego depletion (yes vs. no) as between-subjects and anxiety level (high vs. low) as within-subjects factor. Participants performed a perceptual-motor task requiring selective attention, namely, dart throwing. In line with our expectations, depleted participants in the high-anxiety condition performed worse and displayed a shorter final fixation on bull’s eye, demonstrating that when one’s self-control strength is depleted, attention regulation under pressure cannot be maintained. This is the first study that directly supports the general assumption that ego depletion is a major factor in influencing attention regulation under pressure.

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The Effects of Instructional Self-Talk on Quiet-Eye Duration and Golf-Putting Performance

Yonatan Sarig, Montse C. Ruiz, Antonis Hatzigeorgiadis, and Gershon Tenenbaum

and cognitive regulation, and effort regulation. In turn, instructional self-talk is mainly underlined by attention regulation and automatic skill execution processes. Perhaps the most studied underlying mechanism is self-efficacy or the confidence of performing specific performance-related tasks

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A Grounded-Theory Study of Meta-Attention in Golfers

Alex Oliver, Paul J. McCarthy, and Lindsey Burns

This study sought to construct a theoretical understanding of meta-attention in golfers. Eight male golfers (7 competitive-elite and 1 successful-elite) were interviewed about their experiences of attentional processes in competitive golf. A Straussian grounded-theory approach was used throughout the research process, and interview transcripts were analyzed using open, axial, and selective coding. Results indicated that meta-attention is resource based, with metacognitive reflections of logistic and shot resources that facilitate attentional control. Attentional control required successful target selection, consistent preshot routines, and consistent postshot routines. Failures in wider or immediate resources or failure to initiate control routines can lead to internal distraction. The emergent theory provides an understanding of the function of meta-attention in golf performance that can be used by golfers, coaches, or psychologists to improve attentional strategies.

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Mindful Sport Performance Enhancement: Mental Training for Athletes and Coaches

Daya Alexander Grant

, specifically mindful awareness and mindful acceptance, affects attention regulation and emotion regulation, which may be precursors to flow state and peak performance. This model can spark research studies, which are necessary as we move forward. It is my recommendation that readers have a solid grasp of the

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The Impact of an Online Sport Psychology Intervention for Middle-Distance Runners: Should Self-Regulation or Mindfulness Be Prioritized?

Jonathan Lasnier and Natalie Durand-Bush

the creation of three themes and 13 subthemes related to participants’ perceived changes from participating in the SI or MI: (a) EIP management (reframing, understanding, self-talk, and segmented performance plan); (b) mental performance (attention regulation, motivation, self-monitoring, self

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The Effects of Applied and Sport-Specific Mindful Sport Performance Enhancement Training on Mindfulness Skills, Flow, and Emotional Regulation in National Competitive Swimmers

Jenny Meggs and Mark Chen

nonmeditative practices these approaches aim to develop awareness and acceptance of both negative and positive emotions, cognitions, and physical sensations thereby enhancing emotional and attentional regulation. Emotion regulation is the “internal and external processes responsible for experiencing, expressing

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Implementation of an App-Based Blended Mindfulness Intervention in a Bundesliga Youth Academy Targeting Goalkeepers: A Case Study

Christoph Kittler, Lukas Stenzel, Darko Jekauc, and Oliver Stoll

, 2016 ). Mindfulness exercises might also be an effective method to improve attention regulation within top athletes ( Bu et al., 2019 ; Thompson et al., 2011 ; Zadkhosh et al., 2019 ). Kittler et al. ( 2021 ) found in a randomized controlled trials (RCT) study that mindfulness training improved

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The “10 Mentality”: A Longitudinal Case Study of Self-Control Strength in Two Competitive Recurve Archers

Roy David Samuel, Guy Matzkin, Saar Gal, and Chris Englert

. Thus, it may be that self-talk can help preserve or renew attentional resources that benefit selective attention regulation. With the two archers, therefore, we developed positive motivational self-talk cues (e.g., “You can do well, relax”; “You are in control”) as well as instructional cues. For

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Countering the Consequences of Ego Depletion: The Effects of Self-Talk on Selective Attention

Jón Gregersen, Antonis Hatzigeorgiadis, Evangelos Galanis, Nikos Comoutos, and Athanasios Papaioannou

pressure. They reported that depleted participants under pressure performed worse on a darts task and displayed shorter final fixation on bull’s eye, and concluded that when self-control strength is depleted, attention regulation under pressure cannot be maintained. The evidence suggesting that selective

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The Effects of a Mindfulness-Based Program on the Incidence of Injuries in Young Male Soccer Players

Aynollah Naderi, Fatemeh Shaabani, Hassan Gharayagh Zandi, Luís Calmeiro, and Britton W. Brewer

acute sport injury in soccer players. Although the interventions may vary slightly in terms of implementation, their goals are often similar: stress management, emotion control, and attention regulation. Therefore, given that the mindfulness intervention has a role in stress management, emotion control