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Stacey Alvarez-Alvarado, Graig M. Chow, Nicole T. Gabana, Robert C. Hickner, and Gershon Tenenbaum

The extent to and manner in which psychological states change as a function of physical effort and related physiological responses have been addressed separately in various theoretical frameworks. The authors explored a proposed conceptual scheme examining the relationships among perceived exertion, attentional allocation, and affective responses under different workload domains. Thirty male participants performed an incremental cycling test to assess the progression of rating of perceived exertion, attentional focus, affect, and felt arousal along a parallel increase in heart rate using ventilatory threshold as a reference point. Results revealed that ventilatory threshold acts as a metabolic landmark for the attentional shifts toward aversive sensory cues, sustained increases in perceived exertion, negative valence, and physiological activation. Monitoring the dynamics of perceived exertion, attention, and affect can complement physiological measures for an accurate control of training workloads during exercise prescription.

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Edson Filho

panel) dyadic teams. The pattern of cross-lag correlations for attentional states differed greatly across dyads, as illustrated in Figure  6 . For J1–J2, perceived attention responses correlated significantly at lag 0 ( r  = .44), lag −1 ( r  = −.30), and lag 1 ( r  = −.43), thus suggesting that (a

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Jenna Hussey, Robert Weinberg, and Arash Assar

.e., mindfulness). Therefore, the purpose of the present investigation was to determine whether a mindfulness intervention would improve the athlete’s mindfulness levels and how this would change a CS athlete’s typical anxiety and attentional responses to a high-pressure situation in sport. Although improving an athlete

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Renata V. Pedroso, Carlos Ayán, Francisco J. Fraga, Thays M.V. da Silva, José M. Cancela, and Ruth F. Santos-Galduròz

executive functions, respectively ( Reitan, 1958 ). The Brazilian validated version of the Toulouse-Pierón Concentrated Attention Test was used to check concentrated attention, response speed, and accuracy in performing a simple task ( Montiel, Figueiredo, Lustosa, & Dias, 2006 ). The Digit Span test is a

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Costas I. Karageorghis, Leighton Jones, Luke W. Howard, Rhys M. Thomas, Panayiotis Moulashis, and Sam J. Santich

exercise bouts (top) and recovery periods (bottom). T-bars denote ±2 SE . HIIT = high-intensity interval training; RPE = rating of perceived exertion. Figure 2 —State attention responses across conditions during HIIT exercise bouts (top) and recovery periods (bottom). T-bars denote ±2 SE . HIIT = high

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Chung-Ju Huang, Hsin-Yu Tu, Ming-Chun Hsueh, Yi-Hsiang Chiu, Mei-Yao Huang, and Chien-Chih Chou

discriminatory ability ( Geary et al., 2012 ) in children with LD. Sustained attention refers to the ability to direct and focus cognitive activity on specific stimuli and enables the maintenance of vigilance, selective and focused attention, response persistence, and continuous effort despite changing