We relied on self-determination theory (SDT; Deci & Ryan, 2000) to investigate to what extent autonomy-supporting corrective feedback (i.e., feedback that coaches communicate to their athletes after poor performance or mistakes) is associated with athletes’ optimal motivation and well-being. To test this hypothesis, we conducted a cross-sectional study with 337 (67.1% males) Greek adolescent athletes (age M = 15.59, SD = 2.37) from various sports. Aligned with SDT, we found through path analysis that an autonomy-supporting versus controlling communication style was positively related to future intentions to persist and well-being and negatively related to ill-being. These relations were partially mediated by the perceived legitimacy of the corrective feedback (i.e., the degree of acceptance of corrective feedback), and, in turn, by intrinsic motivation, identified regulation, and external regulation for doing sports. Results indicate that autonomy-supporting feedback can be still motivating even in cases in which such feedback conveys messages of still too low competence.
Athanasios Mouratidis, Willy Lens and Maarten Vansteenkiste
Maarten Vansteenkiste, Athanasios Mouratidis and Willy Lens
In two cross-sectional studies we investigated whether soccer players’ well-being (Study 1) and moral functioning (Studies 1 and 2) is related to performance-approach goals and to the autonomous and controlling reasons underlying their pursuit. In support of our hypotheses, we found in Study 1 that autonomous reasons were positively associated with vitality and positive affect, whereas controlling reasons were positively related to negative affect and mostly unrelated to indicators of morality. To investigate the lack of systematic association with moral outcomes, we explored in Study 2 whether performance-approach goals or their underlying reasons would yield an indirect relation to moral outcomes through their association with players’ objectifying attitude—their tendency to depersonalize their opponents. Structural equation modeling showed that controlling reasons for performance-approach goals were positively associated with an objectifying attitude, which in turn was positively associated to unfair functioning. Results are discussed within the achievement goal perspective (Elliot, 2005) and self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 2000).
Valérian Cece, Noémie Lienhart, Virginie Nicaise, Emma Guillet-Descas and Guillaume Martinent
. Specifically, our findings suggest an important difference between autonomous and controlled regulations and a questionable position for amotivation on the continuum highlighted by the factor loadings on the general factor in the Bi-ESEM model. Results also provided evidence the partial strict longitudinal
Rafael Burgueño, José Macarro-Moreno, Isabel Sánchez-Gallardo, María-Jesús Lirola and Jesús Medina-Casaubón
feeling embarrassed by not displaying behaviors linked to sportsmanship). This combination of high autonomous and controlled regulations seems to have partly undermined the students’ motivational processes for the development of their sportsmanship orientation. On the basis of the results obtained in this
. Interdependent effects of autonomous and controlled regulation on exercise behavior . Psychol Bull . 2018 ; 44 ( 1 ): 49 – 62 . 55. Murray TC , Rodgers WM , Fraser SN . Examining implementation intentions in an exercise intervention: the effects of adherence and self-efficacy in a naturalistic setting