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Martin Camiré, Kelsey Kendellen, Scott Rathwell and Evelyne Felber Charbonneau

coaches’ time pressures ( Camiré, Rocchi, & Kendellen, 2016 ), it was deemed fitting to offer the CLS as a short-duration training program. The CLS program was designed to provide evidence-informed principles intended to trigger in coaches an awareness as to the key role they play in using high school

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Luke Wilkins, Jen Sweeney, Zoella Zaborski, Carl Nelson, Simon Tweddle, Eldre Beukes and Peter Allen

level. It is perhaps surprising, then, that little work has been conducted with athletes using CBT interventions. A recent review identified a wide range of factors that act as barriers to athlete engagement with mental health services, including stigma, lack of awareness, lack of time, and financial

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Arzu Erden and Murat Emirzeoğlu

has indicated that this relationship is weak and needs to be explained from different perspectives. 2 In addition to the physical performance of athletes, there is a need for further research into individuals’ level of body awareness, performance emotional state (PES), and demographic characteristics

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Ariane Bélanger-Gravel, Marilie Laferté, Frédéric Therrien, François Lagarde and Lise Gauvin

strategy, WIXX awareness referred to the combination of ad recall and brand awareness. To assess ad recall, children were first asked if they had “seen, read, or heard any advertising on 9–13 year old kids’ PA in the last few weeks.” Those who answered “yes” and recalled the name of the campaign without

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Rachel W. Thompson, Keith A. Kaufman, Lilian A. De Petrillo, Carol R. Glass and Diane B. Arnkoff

The purpose of the present investigation was to evaluate the long-term effects of mindful sport performance enhancement (MSPE), a program designed to improve athletic performance and psychological aspects of sport. One-year follow-up assessments were conducted on archers, golfers, and long-distance runners (N = 25) who attended Kaufman, Glass, and Arnkoff’s (2009) and De Petrillo, Kaufman, Glass, and Arnkoff’s (2009) MSPE workshops. Across the athlete groups, participants reported significant increases in the ability to act with awareness (an aspect of trait mindfulness) and overall trait mindfulness from pretest to follow-up, along with significant decreases in task-related worries and task-irrelevant thoughts (both aspects of cognitive interference during sport). The long-distance runners exhibited significant improvement in their mile times from pretest to follow-up, with significant correlations between change in runners’ performance and trait variables. Results suggest that MSPE is a promising intervention associated with long-term changes in trait variables that may contribute to optimal athletic performance.

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Chunxiao Li, Ngai Kiu Wong, Raymond K.W. Sum and Chung Wah Yu

largely unexplored. Mindfulness and Attitudes Mindfulness refers to a receptive attention to and awareness of present events and experience ( Brown & Ryan, 2003 ) and is a vital factor in forming and changing attitudes ( Palmerino, Langer, & McGillis, 1984 ; Shapiro, Carlson, Astin, & Freedman, 2006

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Yosuke Tsuji, Gregg Bennett and James H. Leigh

The purpose of this study was to investigate factors affecting brand awareness of virtual advertising in sports. Specifically, the study tested the effects of animation, repetition, baseball involvement, and team identification. An experiment using two Latin square designs was conducted to assess the effects of these factors on awareness levels. Results indicated no effect of animation, while effects of repetition, baseball involvement, and team identification were found to affect viewers’ cognitive responses. Managerial implications, limitations, and future research are discussed.

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Denny Meyer, Madawa W. Jayawar, Samuel Muir, David Ho and Olivia Sackett

the VPGC program in terms of improving employee awareness of the importance of physical activity and healthy nutrition and improving overall health. In this article, we aim to use both quantitative and qualitative data in our evaluation. In the quantitative analysis, the problems of attrition bias and

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James Hardy, Ross Roberts and Lew Hardy

This study examined the effectiveness of a logbook and paperclip technique on awareness of the use and content of negative self-talk as well as the motivation to change negative self-talk. Participants (n = 73) completed a questionnaire measuring these variables, and were assigned to either a control, paperclip or logbook group. Participants performed three typical training sessions over a three-week period. The logbook group completed a self-talk logbook after each session whereas the paperclip group carried out a paperclip exercise during each session. Upon completion of the training sessions, the questionnaire was readministered. ANCOVAs revealed no significant differences between the groups for motivation to change and awareness of the content of negative self-talk. However, the logbook group had significantly greater awareness of their use of negative self-talk compared with the control group. A qualitative analysis of the logbook group’s use of negative self-talk provided insights into the situations that prompted negative self-talk, the content of the self-talk, and also the consequences of using negative self-talk. Collectively, the findings offer some support for the use of the logbook technique in the applied setting.

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Richard H. Cox, Sheriece Sadberry, Richard T. McGuire and Adrian McBride

This study examined relationships between student athlete experiences and career situation awareness. Participants completed the Student-Athlete Experiences Inventory (SAEI) and Student-Athlete Career Situation Inventory (SACSI). Separate exploratory factor analyses were conducted for men and women to clarify factors on the inventories, and structural models were developed for each gender. For males, results showed that (a) involvement in campus activities leads to lack of interest in career situation, (b) social involvement leads to stronger perception of career situation, and (c) library use has little effect on career situation. For females, results revealed that (a) involvement in campus activities leads to career confidence, (b) social involvement leads to perception of career barriers, and (c) library use leads to perception that sport identity need not detract from career situation.