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Juan A. Escobar Álvarez, Juan P. Fuentes García, Filipe A. Da Conceição and Pedro Jiménez-Reyes

qualitative aspects of dance performance. 4 , 5 , 8 , 11 Considering the amount of ballistic actions (ie, jumps, accelerations, and changes of direction) that dancers are required to perform, 12 , 13 all the different elements of fitness must be included in their weekly training routine, including sessions

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Filip Sabol, Jozo Grgic and Pavle Mikulic

Movements performed with maximal velocity and acceleration can be considered ballistic actions. 1 These actions are very short in duration, require maximal exertion, and—at the neuromuscular level—are characterized by brief contraction times and high rates of force development. Jumps and throws

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Conall F. Murtagh, Christopher Nulty, Jos Vanrenterghem, Andrew O’Boyle, Ryland Morgans, Barry Drust and Robert M. Erskine

the vastus lateralis muscle and assumed that it is representative of the total quadriceps femoris muscle. Maximal power production is not only governed by muscle size and architecture, but also by the ability of the nervous system to activate the specific muscle groups during ballistic actions. 4

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Xiaoxia Zhang, Xiangli Gu, Tao Zhang, Priscila Caçola and Jing Wang

FMS involve ballistic actions, which require the coordination of one’s entire body mass against gravity with increased strength and force outputs ( 9 , 45 ), which promote the development of muscular strength. Recently, Kit et al ( 18 ) found no effect of weight status or race/Hispanic origin on FMS

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Paige E. Rice, Herman van Werkhoven, Edward K. Merritt and Jeffrey M. McBride

of ballistic actions, and participation in dance might enhance lower leg morphology and SSC. As this study has demonstrated, maximal strength and hopping performance are related to muscle cross-sectional area and force and power measurements, respectively. Thus, the data might allow for a more