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Eleanor Quested and Joan L. Duda

Grounded in the basic needs mini-theory (Deci & Ryan, 2000), this study examined the interplay among perceptions of the social environment manifested in vocational dance schools, basic need satisfaction, and indices of elite dancers’ well- and ill-being. The hypothesized mediating role of need satisfaction was also tested. Dancers (N = 392) completed a questionnaire tapping the targeted variables. Structural equation modeling supported a model in which perceptions of task-involving dance environments positively predicted need satisfaction. Perceived ego-involving climates negatively corresponded with competence and relatedness. Perceptions of autonomy support were positively related to autonomy and relatedness. Need satisfaction positively predicted positive affect. Competence and relatedness satisfaction corresponded negatively to reported negative affect. Emotional and physical exhaustion was not related to need satisfaction. Partial support emerged for the assumed mediation of the needs. Results highlight the relevance of task-involving and autonomy-supportive dance climates for elite dancers’ need satisfaction and healthful engagement in vocational dance.

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Jacquelyn Paige Pope and Craig Hall

This study tested the degree to which coaches’ basic psychological need fulfillment and identity prominence were associated with their positive affect, commitment, and intentions to persist. In total, 413 coaches with an average of 14 years’ experience served as participants and completed an online survey that included six sections: Demographics, basic psychological needs, identity prominence, positive affect, commitment, and intentions to persist. The present study findings provide initial support for the links from coaches’ basic psychological needs and identity prominence to their positive affect and commitment. In contrast, the findings did not provide support for the relationship between coaches’ basic psychological need fulfillment and their intentions to persist or the association between their identity prominence and intentions to persist. The results offer an explanation of the mechanisms that may play a role in facilitating coaches’ optimal functioning.

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for a five-factor model, suggesting the SCBS is appropriate for early adolescents. In addition, in line with Basic Needs Theory, perceptions of coaching behaviours were associated with players’ relatedness and, in turn, their prosocial and antisocial sport behaviours. Specifically, modelling good

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Stephen Shannon, Garry Prentice, and Gavin Breslin

regulations, and needs-support from other social agents, such as peers ( Li et al., 2013 ). References Adie , J.W. , Duda , J.L. , & Ntoumanis , N. ( 2008 ). Autonomy support, basic need satisfaction and the optimal functioning of adult male and female sport participants: A test of basic needs theory

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Sofie Kent, Kieran Kingston, and Kyle F. Paradis

; a component that has been recognized as an important concept to explain a healthy engagement in sport is the satisfaction of three fundamental basic psychological needs ( Deci & Ryan, 2000b ). Basic needs theory (BNT), a mini-theory within the SDT framework, proposes that the fundamental basis for

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Lindsay E. Kipp, Nicole D. Bolter, and Alison Phillips Reichter

Sport Psychology . New York, NY : Routledge ; 2010 , pp.  224 – 32 . 23. Quested E , Duda JL . Exploring the social-environmental determinants of well- and ill-being in dancers: a test of basic needs theory . J Sport Exerc Psychol . 2010 ; 32 : 39 – 60 . PubMed ID: 20167951 doi:10.1123/jsep

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Brian J. Foster and Graig M. Chow

functioning of adult male and female sport participants: A test of basic needs theory . Motivation and Emotion, 32 ( 3 ), 189 – 199 . doi:10.1007/s11031-008-9095-z 10.1007/s11031-008-9095-z Bentler , P.M. ( 1990 ). Comparative fit indexes in structural models . Psychological Bulletin, 107 ( 2

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Doug Cooper and Justine Allen

.1080/02640410500189173 Adie , J.W. , Duda , J.L. , & Ntoumanis , N. ( 2008 ). Autonomy support, basic need satisfaction and the optimal functioning of adult male and female sport participants: A test of basic needs theory . Motivation and Emotion, 32, 189 – 199 . doi:10.1007/s11031-008-9095-z 10.1007/s11031

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Lindley McDavid, Meghan H. McDonough, Bonnie T. Blankenship, and James M. LeBreton

staff autonomy support, involvement, and structure, as well as youth psychological need satisfaction, hope, and self-worth. Furthermore, we hypothesized that (2) the effects of the intervention on outcomes would be consistent with a serial mediation model based on basic needs theory whereby (a

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Kelly L. Simonton, Nicholas Washburn, Laura F. Prior, Victoria N. Shiver, Sean Fullerton, and Karen L. Gaudreault

mathematics . European Journal of Psychology of Education, 22 ( 4 ), 497 – 514 . 10.1007/BF03173468 Garn , A.C. , McCauthry , N. , Martin , J. , Shen , B. , & Fahlman , M. ( 2012 ). A basic needs theory investigation of adolescents’ physical self-concepts and