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Exploring the Social-Environmental Determinants of Well- and Ill-Being in Dancers: A Test of Basic Needs Theory

Eleanor Quested and Joan L. Duda

Grounded in the basic needs mini-theory (Deci & Ryan, 2000), this study examined the interplay among perceptions of the social environment manifested in vocational dance schools, basic need satisfaction, and indices of elite dancers’ well- and ill-being. The hypothesized mediating role of need satisfaction was also tested. Dancers (N = 392) completed a questionnaire tapping the targeted variables. Structural equation modeling supported a model in which perceptions of task-involving dance environments positively predicted need satisfaction. Perceived ego-involving climates negatively corresponded with competence and relatedness. Perceptions of autonomy support were positively related to autonomy and relatedness. Need satisfaction positively predicted positive affect. Competence and relatedness satisfaction corresponded negatively to reported negative affect. Emotional and physical exhaustion was not related to need satisfaction. Partial support emerged for the assumed mediation of the needs. Results highlight the relevance of task-involving and autonomy-supportive dance climates for elite dancers’ need satisfaction and healthful engagement in vocational dance.

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Understanding the Relationship Between Coaches’ Basic Psychological Needs and Identity Prominence and Their Commitment, Positive Affect, and Intentions to Persist

Jacquelyn Paige Pope and Craig Hall

This study tested the degree to which coaches’ basic psychological need fulfillment and identity prominence were associated with their positive affect, commitment, and intentions to persist. In total, 413 coaches with an average of 14 years’ experience served as participants and completed an online survey that included six sections: Demographics, basic psychological needs, identity prominence, positive affect, commitment, and intentions to persist. The present study findings provide initial support for the links from coaches’ basic psychological needs and identity prominence to their positive affect and commitment. In contrast, the findings did not provide support for the relationship between coaches’ basic psychological need fulfillment and their intentions to persist or the association between their identity prominence and intentions to persist. The results offer an explanation of the mechanisms that may play a role in facilitating coaches’ optimal functioning.

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for a five-factor model, suggesting the SCBS is appropriate for early adolescents. In addition, in line with Basic Needs Theory, perceptions of coaching behaviours were associated with players’ relatedness and, in turn, their prosocial and antisocial sport behaviours. Specifically, modelling good

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The Influence of Athletes’ Psychological Needs on Motivation, Burnout, and Well-Being: A Test of Self-Determination Theory

Stephen Shannon, Noel Brick, Garry Prentice, and Gavin Breslin

sport participants: A test of basic needs theory . Motivation and Emotion, 32 ( 3 ), 189 – 199 . Balaguer , I. , González , L. , Fabra , P. , Castillo , I. , Mercé , J. , & Duda , J.L. ( 2012 ). Coaches’ interpersonal style, basic psychological

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Athletes’ Psychological Needs and Coaches’ Interpersonal Behaviors: A Within-Person Latent Profile Analysis

Stephen Shannon, Garry Prentice, and Gavin Breslin

regulations, and needs-support from other social agents, such as peers ( Li et al., 2013 ). References Adie , J.W. , Duda , J.L. , & Ntoumanis , N. ( 2008 ). Autonomy support, basic need satisfaction and the optimal functioning of adult male and female sport participants: A test of basic needs theory

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Eras of Burnout Research: What Does the Past Tell Us About the Future of Burnout in Sport?

J.D. DeFreese, Daniel J. Madigan, and Henrik Gustafsson

Psychology, 38, 437 – 450 . Quested , E. , & Duda J.L. ( 2011 ). Antecedents of burnout among elite dancers: A longitudinal test of basic needs theory . Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 12 ( 2 ), 159 – 167 . Raedeke , T.D. ( 1997 ). Is athlete

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How Much Do Severely Injured Athletes Experience Sport Injury-Related Growth? Contrasting Psychological, Situational, and Demographic Predictors

Katja M. Pollak, Lea Boecker, Chris Englert, and David D. Loschelder

that remains unanswered is why certain athletes report experiencing SIRG more strongly than others. Predictors of SIRG We derived an inexhaustive selection of predictors for the SIRG phenomenon, building on prior theories and empirical findings from the literature, such as basic needs theory as applied

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The Relationship Between Passion, Basic Psychological Needs Satisfaction and Athlete Burnout: Examining Direct and Indirect Effects

Sofie Kent, Kieran Kingston, and Kyle F. Paradis

; a component that has been recognized as an important concept to explain a healthy engagement in sport is the satisfaction of three fundamental basic psychological needs ( Deci & Ryan, 2000b ). Basic needs theory (BNT), a mini-theory within the SDT framework, proposes that the fundamental basis for

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Motivational Climate Profiles, Pubertal Status, and Well-Being Among Female Adolescent Aesthetic Sport Athletes

Lindsay E. Kipp, Nicole D. Bolter, and Alison Phillips Reichter

Sport Psychology . New York, NY : Routledge ; 2010 , pp.  224 – 32 . 23. Quested E , Duda JL . Exploring the social-environmental determinants of well- and ill-being in dancers: a test of basic needs theory . J Sport Exerc Psychol . 2010 ; 32 : 39 – 60 . PubMed ID: 20167951 doi:10.1123/jsep

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Development of the Sport Mental Health Continuum—Short Form (Sport MHC-SF)

Brian J. Foster and Graig M. Chow

functioning of adult male and female sport participants: A test of basic needs theory . Motivation and Emotion, 32 ( 3 ), 189 – 199 . doi:10.1007/s11031-008-9095-z 10.1007/s11031-008-9095-z Bentler , P.M. ( 1990 ). Comparative fit indexes in structural models . Psychological Bulletin, 107 ( 2