adopting a theoretically integrative approach toward understanding human behavior ( Hagger & Chatzisarantis, 2014 ; Hagger et al., 2016 ), including health behaviors such as PA ( Fishbein & Yzer, 2003 ; Hamilton, Cox, & White, 2012 ). The integrated behavior change (IBC) model ( Hagger & Chatzisarantis
Urska Arnautovska, Frances O’Callaghan and Kyra Hamilton
Aline Mendes Gerage, Tânia Rosane Bertoldo Benedetti, Raphael Mendes Ritti-Dias, Ana Célia Oliveira dos Santos, Bruna Cadengue Coêlho de Souza and Fábio Araujo Almeida
on behavioral change theories have been considered promising for improving physical activity, 7 , 8 eating habits, 9 and quality of life 9 , 10 in healthy middle-aged adults, 7 older adults, 9 and in patients with arthritis. 10 Although a review of 74 studies (49 of them included physical
Valerie Senkowski, Clara Gannon and Paul Branscum
al., 2018 ). Having strong theoretical underpinnings is important for public health and behavior change interventions in order to understand, address, and report factors that will be most successful in mediating behavior change in a systematic and evidence-based way. The theory of planned behavior (TPB) has
Nessan Costello, Jim McKenna, Louise Sutton, Kevin Deighton and Ben Jones
was 14.7 MJ and average TEE was 22.4 MJ/day across the 2-week period. Average TEE was 24.1 and 18.3 MJ/day on training and rest days, respectively. Design and Implementation of the Nutritional Intervention The BCW is a practical eight-step theory of behavior change ( Michie et al., 2014 ). The core of
Anass Arrogi, Astrid Schotte, An Bogaerts, Filip Boen and Jan Seghers
The workplace offers a promising setting for health promotion interventions. Workplace interventions have the potential to reach large proportions of adults. Moreover, they can facilitate health behavior change by focusing on multiple levels of influence (ie, intrapersonal, interpersonal
Marina Arkkukangas, Susanna Tuvemo Johnson, Karin Hellström, Elisabeth Anens, Michail Tonkonogi and Ulf Larsson
(PT). However, older adult’s participation and adherence to prescribed home exercise regimens are generally low ( Bassett, 2003 ), suggesting support for changes in sustainable exercise behavior when prescribing exercise programs. One way to address sustainable behavior change is motivational
Mark H. Anshel
This article proposes a new approach to health behavior change, the disconnected values (intervention) model (DVM). The DVM consists of predetermined cognitive-behavioral strategies for initiating and maintaining changes in health behavior, such as the implementation of an exercise program. The model consists of helping clients (a) examine the benefits, in contrast to the costs and long-term consequences, of the habit they most want to change; (b) identify their deepest values and beliefs (e.g., health, family, faith, integrity); (c) detect a “disconnect” between the negative habit and the identified values; and (d) conclude whether the disconnect is acceptable, given its costs and long-term consequences. The client’s conclusion that the disconnect is unacceptable creates incentive and commitment for health behavior change. The theoretical foundations of the DVM are explained, and its specific application for exercise behavior change is described. Three outcome studies also are reported, as well as a brief case study. Implications for practitioners and suggestions for future research are provided.
Monika Slovinec D’Angelo, Robert D. Reid and Luc G. Pelletier
Despite the known benefits of habitual exercise in patients with heart disease, less than half of these patients exercise regularly and many of those who initiate programs fail to maintain physical activity routines over the long term. The aim of this research was to examine processes related to short- and long-term regulation of exercise to gain a clearer understanding of why people might fail to maintain intended behavioral changes. We modeled intention formation and plan formulation to investigate the distinct roles of self-efficacy and motivation (self-determination) in different phases of behavior change. Our results showed self-efficacy to be more relevant to exercise intentions and motivation to exercise planning. This research provides evidence supporting the proposition that the psychological processes related to short- and long-term regulation of behavior change differ and suggests that people might fail to continue regulating intended behavior owing to a lack of self-determined motivation.
Bradley J. Cardinal, Hermann-J. Engels and Weimo Zhu
The Transtheoreticai Model of behavior change was applied to a sample of 669 preadolescents (M age = 8.2) to determine whether stages of exercise could be observed. Associations between stage of exercise classification and demographic, fitness, and cognitive variables were examined. Stage of exercise classifications, on the basis of the Children’s Stage of Exercise Algorithm, were as follows: maintenance (50.8%), action (36.5%), preparation (3.1%), contemplation (4.9%), and precontemplation (4.6%). Stage of exercise was significantly related to gender, age, and grade level. Controlling for these differences, the relationship between exercise beliefs and stage of exercise was significant.
Neville Owen, Lucio Naccarella, Christina Lee and Kevin Haag
Regular, vigorous physical activity (aerobic exercise) appears to have significant benefits in preventing disease, but exercise levels continue to be low in spite of the wide availability of intensive fitness programs. Self-instructional behavior-change packages can reach more people than face-to-face methods, and can address a range of problem behaviors. This study investigated the effectiveness of a self-instructional training program for aerobic exercise. Participants were allocated randomly to an exercise correspondence course involving several mailings of information (n=53), or to exactly the same program mailed in a single package (n=52). People who initially showed interest in the course but withdrew before it began (n=33), and participants in standard fitness classes (n=31), were used as comparison groups. All courses were 12-week aerobic programs of gradually increasing intensity. At the end of the program, participants in the single-package course were significantly more active than those in the multiple-mailing program, and were similar to those in the fitness class. At a 10-month follow-up, there were no significant differences among the reported physical activity levels of participants in the four different conditions. Despite the somewhat weak effects obtained in this investigation, programs that can be administered by mail can reach large numbers of people who may wish to change health-related behaviors.