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Ashley B. West, Adam R. Konopka, Kelli A. LeBreton, Benjamin F. Miller, Karyn L. Hamilton, and Heather J. Leach

sensitivity) and often involve intensive, face-to-face supervised exercise with the primary goal of achieving exercise adherence during the trial ( Courneya, 2010 ). Exercise efficacy trials are very effective at increasing PA for the duration of the study but typically do not address behavior change

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Urska Arnautovska, Frances O’Callaghan, and Kyra Hamilton

adopting a theoretically integrative approach toward understanding human behavior ( Hagger & Chatzisarantis, 2014 ; Hagger et al., 2016 ), including health behaviors such as PA ( Fishbein & Yzer, 2003 ; Hamilton, Cox, & White, 2012 ). The integrated behavior change (IBC) model ( Hagger & Chatzisarantis

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Aline Mendes Gerage, Tânia Rosane Bertoldo Benedetti, Raphael Mendes Ritti-Dias, Ana Célia Oliveira dos Santos, Bruna Cadengue Coêlho de Souza, and Fábio Araujo Almeida

on behavioral change theories have been considered promising for improving physical activity, 7 , 8 eating habits, 9 and quality of life 9 , 10 in healthy middle-aged adults, 7 older adults, 9 and in patients with arthritis. 10 Although a review of 74 studies (49 of them included physical

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Corliss Bean, Tineke Dineen, and Mary Jung

, Fitzpatrick, Zuk, & Booth, 2015 ). Although numerous studies have examined the effectiveness of T2D prevention or maintenance of lifestyle behavior changes, few have explored why this occurs and worked with participants to adhere to these health-related behavior changes, particularly women. These

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Valerie Senkowski, Clara Gannon, and Paul Branscum

 al., 2018 ). Having strong theoretical underpinnings is important for public health and behavior change interventions in order to understand, address, and report factors that will be most successful in mediating behavior change in a systematic and evidence-based way. The theory of planned behavior (TPB) has

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Kelley Strohacker and Cory T. Beaumont

navigate their free-living environments and balance additional life priorities. In this regard, the application of behavioral-change theory and psychobehavioral strategies are likely necessary to supplement a proper exercise prescription, and, in turn, a clear, explicit prescription should be provided to

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Elmer A. Castillo and Graig M. Chow

behavior change—in a domain outside of sport. From an applied standpoint, assessment is an essential element of sport and performance psychology service provision as it lays the foundation for effective consulting—an understanding of the client ( Taylor, 2017 ). For practitioners, the PP offers an

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Nessan Costello, Jim McKenna, Louise Sutton, Kevin Deighton, and Ben Jones

was 14.7 MJ and average TEE was 22.4 MJ/day across the 2-week period. Average TEE was 24.1 and 18.3 MJ/day on training and rest days, respectively. Design and Implementation of the Nutritional Intervention The BCW is a practical eight-step theory of behavior change ( Michie et al., 2014 ). The core of

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Ting Zhang, Hongjuan Li, Chao Li, Liu Zhang, and Zhaohua Zhang

log-ratio ( ilr ) transformation and then builds a multiple linear regression model using ilr s to explore how one behavior associates with health without the effects of other behavior changes. Compositional isotemporal substitution models are created based on regression models to further quantify

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Anass Arrogi, Astrid Schotte, An Bogaerts, Filip Boen, and Jan Seghers

The workplace offers a promising setting for health promotion interventions. Workplace interventions have the potential to reach large proportions of adults. Moreover, they can facilitate health behavior change by focusing on multiple levels of influence (ie, intrapersonal, interpersonal