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James Annesi

Background:

Behavioral interventions for weight-loss have been largely unsuccessful. Exercise is the strongest predictor of maintained weight loss and much of its effects may be from associated changes in psychosocial factors.

Methods:

Middle-aged, formerly sedentary adults with severe obesity were randomly selected to 6-month treatments of cognitive-behavioral exercise support paired with either standard nutrition education (n = 99) or nutrition change supported by cognitive-behavioral means with an emphasis on self-regulation (n = 101).

Results:

Overall improvements in self-efficacy and self-regulation for both exercise and managed eating, and mood, were found, with significantly greater improvements associated with the cognitive-behavioral nutrition condition in self-regulation for eating and mood. Change scores trended toward being stronger predictors of increased exercise and fruit and vegetable intake than scores at treatment end. Multiple regression analyses indicated that significant portions of the variance in both increased volume of exercise (R 2 = 0.45) and fruit and vegetable intake (R 2 = 0.21) were explained by changes in self-regulatory skill usage, self-efficacy, and mood.

Conclusions:

Cognitive-behavioral methods for improved eating paired with behavioral support of exercise may improve weight loss through effects on the psychosocial factors of self-regulation, self-efficacy, and overall mood more than when standard nutrition education is incorporated.

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Regional Conference will be held at the University of North Texas Center for Sport Psychology and Performance Excellence. For more information, visit https://aasp-southcentral.squarespace.com . April 11-14, 2018, New Orleans, LA, USA The Society of Behavioral Medicine Annual Meeting & Scientific Sessions

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Navin Kaushal, Ryan E. Rhodes, John T. Meldrum, and John C. Spence

attitudes and explicit motivation prospectively predict physical activity . Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 39 ( 2 ), 112 – 118 . PubMed ID: 20140542 doi:10.1007/s12160-010-9161-0 10.1007/s12160-010-9161-0 Courneya , K.S. , Conner , M. , & Rhodes , R.E. ( 2006 ). Effects of different measurement

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, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Western Avenue, Cardiff, CF5 2YB, United Kingdom. Telephone: 44-2920-416-724; email: rneil@cardiffmet.ac.uk with the subject heading TSP Bulletin Board. Thanks for your support. Events and Conferences April 14–17, 2021, Virtual The 42nd Society for Behavioral Medicine

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Psychological Society (BPS) Division of Sport and Exercise Psychology annual conference will be held at the Crowne Plaza, Liverpool, United Kingdom. See: https://www.bps.org.uk/events/division-sport-exercise-psychology-annual-conference-2020 April 14–17, 2021, Orlando, FL, USA The Society for Behavioral

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(BPS) Division of Sport and Exercise Psychology Annual Conference is currently being held at the Crowne Plaza, Liverpool, UK. See https://www.delegate-reg.co.uk/dsep21 April 6–9, 2022, Baltimore, MD, USA The 43rd Society for Behavioral Medicine Annual Meeting and scientific sessions will now be held

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Behavioral Medicine annual meeting and scientific sessions to be held at the Baltimore Inner Harbor, Baltimore, MD. See https://www.sbm.org/meetings/2022 for more information. May 26–28, 2022, Waikoloa Beach, HI, USA The North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity (NASPSPA

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, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Western Avenue, Cardiff, CF5 2YB, United Kingdom. Telephone: 44-2920-416-724; e-mail: rneil@cardiffmet.ac.uk with the subject heading TSP Bulletin Board. Thanks for your support. Events and Conferences April 6–9, 2022, Baltimore, MD, USA The 43rd Society for Behavioral

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through Sport and Exercise Psychology Symposium will be held at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. For more details: http://www.socialjusticesep.com April 1–4, 2020, San Francisco, CA, USA The Society for Behavioral Medicine Annual Meeting and scientific sessions will be held at the Washington

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conference is currently scheduled to be held at the Crowne Plaza, Liverpool, United Kingdom. See https://www.bps.org.uk/events/division-sport-exercise-psychology-annual-conference-2020 . April 14–17, 2021, Orlando, FL, USA The 42nd Society for Behavioral Medicine annual meeting and scientific sessions will