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Robert A. Carels, Bonnie Berger, and Lynn Darby

Mood states influence evaluative judgments that can affect the decision to exercise or to continue to exercise. This study examined how mood associated with graded exercise testing (GXT) in sedentary, obese, postmenopausal women (N = 25) was associated with physical activity and predicted VO2max during and after a behavioral weight-loss program (BWLP). Measures of physical activity included planned exercise, calories from physical activity, leisure-time physical activity, and predicted VO2max. Mood before and after pre-BWLP GXT was assessed using the Profile of Mood States. Mood before and after the GXT was more strongly associated with planned exercise than other forms of physical activity, and this effect became stronger over time. Mood enhancement in response to exercise was not related to physical activity. Mood before and after exercise might yield important clinical information that can be used to promote physical activity in sedentary adults.

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Robert A. Carels, Carissa Coit, Kathleen Young, and Bonnie Berger

Whereas exercise-induced mood enhancement has been well documented, the relationship between mood and exercise participation is less well understood. Mood states influence evaluative judgments that could plausibly influence a decision to exercise. Further, most exercise-mood research is limited to normal weight adults in response to a single exercise session. The current investigation examines the influence of (a) morning mood on exercise, (b) exercise intensity/duration on mood enhancement, and (c) daily change in mood on exercise days compared with nonexercise days in obese behavioral weight loss program (BWLP) participants. Participants (N = 36) recorded morning, evening, and pre- and postexercise mood, as well as the type, duration, and intensity of exercise. Within-person analyses indicated that (a) morning mood was associated with an increased likelihood of exercising, (b) mood ratings were higher following exercise of greater intensity and duration, and (c) daily mood enhancement was associated with greater exercise initiation and greater exercise intensity. Measuring mood before and after exercise may yield important clinical information that can be used to promote physical activity in obese adults.

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Jeff Caron, Alyson Crozier, Alison Ede, Matt Hoffman, Christopher Hill, Sean Locke, Desi McEwan, Kathleen Mellano, Eva Pila, Matthew Stork, and Svenja Wolf

Edited by Kim Gammage

changes in weight, glycated hemoglobin, and physical activity, the effects did not vary by group. The results suggest that the behavioral weight loss program was effective on its own and that adding episodic future is not necessary to improve delay discounting. Epstein, L.H., Paluch, R.A., Biondolillo, M

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Kim Gammage, Jeff Caron, Alyson Crozier, Alison Ede, Matt Hoffman, Christopher Hill, Sascha Leisterer, Sean Locke, Desi McEwan, Kathleen Mellano, Eva Pila, and Matthew Stork

also not fully clear which aspects are most effective. Often these interventions are not scalable to a population level. Fully automated online behavioral weight loss programs can be an effective, low-cost alternative. The purpose of this secondary analysis was to examine whether changes across

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Kara L. Gavin, Julian Wolfson, Mark Pereira, Nancy Sherwood, and Jennifer A. Linde

weight tracking frequency in a behavioral weight loss program . Contemp Clin Trials . 2015 ; 40 : 199 – 211 . PubMed ID: 25533727 doi:10.1016/j.cct.2014.12.007 10.1016/j.cct.2014.12.007 11. Unick JL , Beavers D , Jakicic JM , et al . Effectiveness of lifestyle interventions for individuals

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Willie Leung, Lu Shi, and Jaehun Jung

. Physical activity enhancement to a behavioral weight loss program for severely obese individuals: a preliminary investigation . ISRN Obes . 2012 ; 2012 : 465158 . doi:10.5402/2012/465158 24379985 26. Jakicic JM , Davis KK , Rogers RJ , et al . Effect of wearable technology combined with a

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Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Richard F. MacLehose, Allison W. Watts, Marla E. Eisenberg, Melissa N. Laska, and Nicole Larson

-LaRose J , Gorin AA , Raynor HA , et al . Are standard behavioral weight loss programs effective for young adults? Int J Obes (Lond) . 2009 ; 33 ( 12 ): 1374 – 1380 . doi:10.1038/ijo.2009.185 10.1038/ijo.2009.185 19786967 17. Iyengar BKS . Light on Yoga: Yoga Dīpikā . New York, NY