chain exercises, and movement variations for the novice to the advanced. 1 – 3 Push-up and bench press variations are a collective theme in this dialog as they are commonly utilized for fitness assessment as well as developing upper-body strength, power, and endurance. Hand position is a simple, as
Jinger S. Gottschall, Bryce Hastings and Zachary Becker
Afshin Samani and Mathias Kristiansen
; Young, 2006 ). The process of gaining strength can be affected by neural adaptations comprising coordination of muscular activity across multiple synergistic and antagonistic muscles ( Sale, 1988 ). Particularly, in forceful exercises such as bench press, the expression of strength is deeply dependent
Abderrahmane Rahmani, Pierre Samozino, Jean-Benoit Morin and Baptiste Morel
Bench-press exercise is often used as a simple test to evaluate the upper-limb force, velocity, and power output. 1 – 3 These muscle parameters are usually determined using a force platform 4 , 5 or kinematic systems such as optical encoders 6 , 7 or linear transducers. 1 , 8 – 10 Although
Amador García-Ramos, Francisco Luis Pestaña-Melero, Alejandro Pérez-Castilla, Francisco Javier Rojas and Guy Gregory Haff
lower-body exercises. 8 – 10 , 15 The bench press (BP) has been the most commonly used upper-body exercise to explore the load–velocity profile. 5 , 9 , 16 In this regard, several investigations have provided general equations to predict BP relative load (%1RM) from the velocity of the barbell
Alejandro Pérez-Castilla, Antonio Piepoli, Gabriel Garrido-Blanca, Gabriel Delgado-García, Carlos Balsalobre-Fernández and Amador García-Ramos
concentric-only bench press exercise performed in a Smith machine (Technogym, Barcelona, Spain). It was hypothesized that (1) the linear position and velocity transducers would provide a more accurate prediction of the 1RM than wearable wireless devices 7 and (2) the accuracy in the estimation of the 1RM
Aitor Iturricastillo, Cristina Granados, Raúl Reina, José Manuel Sarabia, Ander Romarate and Javier Yanci
Although in conventional team sports, upper-limb strength capacity has been widely determined by means of the bench press (BP), 11 , 12 in Para-sports, few studies have analyzed this exercise to determine muscle strength. 7 – 9 , 13 However, one of the main problems faced by strength and conditioning
Amador García-Ramos, Guy Gregory Haff, Francisco Luis Pestaña-Melero, Alejandro Pérez-Castilla, Francisco Javier Rojas, Carlos Balsalobre-Fernández and Slobodan Jaric
resistance training exercises (eg, bench press [BP], bench pull, pull-up, squat, leg press, etc) that predict the 1RM from movement velocity as soon as the first repetition with a given load is performed with maximal voluntary velocity. 6 , 14 , 16 , 18 , 19 The first generalized group equations were
Amador García-Ramos and Slobodan Jaric
The linear force–velocity (F–V) relationship is frequently used to evaluate the maximal capacities of active muscles to produce force ( F 0 ), velocity ( V 0 ), and power (P max ) during a variety of tasks (vertical jump, bench press throw [BPT], isokinetic exercises, etc). 1 – 4 The F–V slope (ie
Loree L. Wagner, Sharon A. Evans, Joseph P. Weir, Terry J. Housh and Glen O. Johnson
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of grip width, chest depth, limb lengths, and bar path on the performance of a maximal bench press. Subjects were 24 experienced male weight trainers. Bench press performance was assessed at six different grip widths (G1–G6). Repeated-measures ANOVA with Tukey post hoc comparisons revealed that bench press strength values at the two moderate grip widths (G3 and G4) were significantly greater than either the narrow or wide grip widths. First-order partial correlations showed no significant relationship between strength values and anthropometric variables when adjusted for differences in body weight. Standard two-dimensional cinematographic procedures were used to film a subsample (n = 6) while bench pressing using G1, G3, and G6. The results of the statistical comparisons of bar path indicated that as grip width increased, the horizontal and vertical distance from the bar to the shoulder decreased.
Jim Wilcox, Rich Larson, Kevin M. Brochu and Avery D. Faigenbaum
The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether the performance of explosive-force movements before bench-press exercise would improve 1-repetition-maximum (1RM) strength.
Twelve male college athletes participated in 3 testing sessions separated by at least 5 days of rest. During each testing session, the 1RM was assessed on the bench-press exercise. After a general warm-up, subjects performed a specific warm-up that consisted of submaximal sets with increasing loads on the bench-press exercise before attempting a 1RM lift. During the first testing trial, subjects performed a series of 1RM attempts with increasing loads until their 1RM was determined. During the second and third testing trials, subjects performed in a counterbalanced randomized order either 2 plyometric push-ups or 2 medicine-ball (3 to 5 kg) chest passes 30 seconds before each 1RM attempt.
Analysis of the data revealed that 1RM bench-press strength was significantly greater after plyometric push-ups (P = .004) or chest passes (P = .025) in comparison with the first trial (123.8 ± 23.5 kg and 124.0 ± 24.1 kg vs 120.9 ± 23.2 kg, respectively).
These data suggest that an acute bout of low-volume, explosive-force upper body movements performed 30 seconds before a 1RM attempt might enhance bench-press performance in athletic men.