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Jinger S. Gottschall, Bryce Hastings, and Zachary Becker

chain exercises, and movement variations for the novice to the advanced. 1 – 3 Push-up and bench press variations are a collective theme in this dialog as they are commonly utilized for fitness assessment as well as developing upper-body strength, power, and endurance. Hand position is a simple, as

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Afshin Samani and Mathias Kristiansen

; Young, 2006 ). The process of gaining strength can be affected by neural adaptations comprising coordination of muscular activity across multiple synergistic and antagonistic muscles ( Sale, 1988 ). Particularly, in forceful exercises such as bench press, the expression of strength is deeply dependent

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Abderrahmane Rahmani, Pierre Samozino, Jean-Benoit Morin, and Baptiste Morel

Bench-press exercise is often used as a simple test to evaluate the upper-limb force, velocity, and power output. 1 – 3 These muscle parameters are usually determined using a force platform 4 , 5 or kinematic systems such as optical encoders 6 , 7 or linear transducers. 1 , 8 – 10 Although

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Alejandro Pérez-Castilla, Daniel Jerez-Mayorga, Dario Martínez-García, Ángela Rodríguez-Perea, Luis J. Chirosa-Ríos, and Amador García-Ramos

of velocity-based resistance training programs in practice. The bench press (BP) is one of the exercises most used in the scientific literature to explore the characteristics of the load–velocity (L-V) relationship. 3 , 4 , 6 , 7 , 12 , 13 Previous investigations have examined the influence of the

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Boris Dragutinovic, Joshua F. Feuerbacher, Mats W. Jacobs, Wilhelm Bloch, and Moritz Schumann

 min), 4 , 5 , 8 while strength performance in the upper body remained unchanged. Contradictory, however, a recent study by Andrade and colleagues 9 observed a significant reduction in the maximal number of bench press repetitions after only 8 bouts of 40 seconds running at 100% of the velocity at

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Danny Lum, Swee Keng Soh, Cheryl J.H. Teo, Olivia Q.H. Wong, and Marcus J.C. Lee

dynamic strength and sports-related skills performance. The bench press is commonly used to strengthen the upper limbs 13 – 15 and is often assessed in many sports’ performance testing batteries. 13 – 15 Furthermore, it was reported that the inclusion of bench press as a form of strength training

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Marcelo Danillo Matos dos Santos, Felipe J. Aidar, Raphael Fabrício de Souza, Jymmys Lopes dos Santos, Andressa da Silva de Mello, Henrique P. Neiva, Daniel A. Marinho, and Mário C. Marques

participate. 2 , 3 The only exercise in Paralympic powerlifting is the adapted bench press in which the lower limbs are placed on the bench and can be fixed with a strap, according to specific rules. 2 Since the early years, bench press exercise has been used for the development of strength and power in the

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Amador García-Ramos, Francisco Luis Pestaña-Melero, Alejandro Pérez-Castilla, Francisco Javier Rojas, and Guy Gregory Haff

lower-body exercises. 8 – 10 , 15 The bench press (BP) has been the most commonly used upper-body exercise to explore the load–velocity profile. 5 , 9 , 16 In this regard, several investigations have provided general equations to predict BP relative load (%1RM) from the velocity of the barbell

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Luis Rodiles-Guerrero, Pedro Jesús Cornejo-Daza, Juan Sánchez-Valdepeñas, Julian Alcazar, Carlos Rodriguez-López, Miguel Sánchez-Moreno, Luis María Alegre, Juan A. León-Prados, and Fernando Pareja-Blanco

completed in bench press (BP) and full squat over a range of intensities from 50% to 85% of 1-repetition maximum (1RM) ( R 2  = .93–.97). 1 , 2 Based on these findings, VL has been proposed as a criterion to determine when each set should be stopped. In this regard, with moderate to high intensities a VL

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Amador García-Ramos

estimation of the Smith machine bench press 1RM between 4 types of MVT: (1)  general MVT —the same velocity of 0.17 m·s −1 for all participants, (2)  preindividual MVT —the velocity attained during the 1RM trial in a preliminary session, (3)  actual-individual MVT —the velocity attained during the 1RM trial