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Introduction: The Quest to Control The Powerful Meanings of Bicycle Racing

Ari de Wilde

. Yet, until recently, one would be hard pressed to know about this lengthy tradition of women in cycling, because their experiences racing bicycles have been oddly absent from sport history literature. The general ignorance of women’s bicycle racing has resulted in an epic that could fictitiously be

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1890s Women’s Bicycle Racing: Forgotten, but Why?

Roger Gilles

In the spring of 2012, I was lucky enough to gain access to a trunk load of memorabilia related to 1890s women’s bicycle racing—contracts, telegrams, photographs, publicity materials, letters, and hundreds and hundreds of yellowed newspaper clippings. The owner of the private collection, a

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Women’s High-Wheel Bicycle Racing in Nineteenth-Century America: More than Salacious Entertainment

M. Ann Hall

only one of these professional sports, namely high-wheel bicycle racing. Bicycle historians have mostly dismissed women’s racing during the brief high-wheel era of the 1880s as little more than salacious entertainment, and have not fully understood its importance. I hope to change these perceptions by

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Riding a Line: Competition and Cooperation in the Sport of Bicycle Racing

Edward Albert

The subculture of bicycle racing provides a situation in which the relationship between formal rules and dominant sport ideologies, and the taken-for-granted informal structures produced by athletes during competition, may be observed. Ethnographic and interview data suggest that such structures as pelotons and pacelines create both the opportunity for and the requirement of cooperative efforts between opponents, standing in stark contrast to more conventional conceptions of sport in which only unambiguous conflict between competitors is seen as legitimate. Here the informal norms of cooperation are central to insider definitions of the social order and are accompanied by strong sanctions for noncompliance. This cooperative informal order is seen as especially problematic for novices, as it diverges from widely held beliefs in the independence of competing units and the importance of overcoming opponents through maximum individual effort. Media coverage of the sport, in disregarding cooperative efforts, both creates and perpetuates erroneous stereotypes, making socialization into the sport more difficult.

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Muscle on Wheels: Louise Armaindo and the High-Wheel Racers of Nineteenth-Century America

Sheila Hanlon

. Pedestrianism’s popularity was fleeting, but Hall reveals that many of its athletes crossed over to a new popular sport, high-wheel bicycle racing. Pedestriennes became bicycliennes, including Armaindo. A lack of suitable female competition meant Armaindo’s early career was spent beating men, horses and the

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First Taste of Freedom: A Cultural History of Bicycle Marketing in the United States

Jerred Junqi Wang

the level achieved during the golden age. In addition, support from the public in building velodromes and cycling paths led to a resurgence in cycling among adults. Amateur and professional bicycle racing also developed during this time; however, this resurgence did not overshadow the dominance of the

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The Red Zinger/Coors Classic Bicycle Race: Commemorations and Re-Cycled Narratives

Shelley Lucas

for the Olympics, according to Peter Nye’s history of American bicycle racing. We have to imagine that other countries made similar choices. The United States was unofficially represented at the Tour du France Feminin by a six‐rider team from the North Jersey Women’s Bicycle Club, who did not wear the

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Factors Affecting Cyclists’ Chances of Success in Match-Sprint Tournaments

Kathryn E. Phillips and Will G. Hopkins

“Skills and tactics play a much greater role in bicycle racing than is generally thought by those outside the sport . . . even a well conditioned cyclist will not win if she can’t employ a good racing strategy, execute timely tactics and have highly developed bike-handling skills and techniques.” 1

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One or Many? A Brief History of Culture and Cultures in the Evolution of “Physical Culture”

Mark Dyreson

measurements at a “short” 64-km race revealed that the runners burned far more than the 10,000-kilocalorie daily limit previously considered possible from observations of human endurance in “civilized” extreme sports such as skiing, mountaineering, and bicycle racing. Balke and Snow contended that observations