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Lindsay Shaw, Leonard Zaichkowsky, and Vietta Wilson

The present paper evaluated the efficacy of a biofeedback/neurofeedback training program to create an optimal preperformance state to improve gymnasts’ balance beam performance in competition. Training to increase heart rate variability (HRV) and sensorimotor rhythm while inhibiting theta was provided to 11 Division I gymnasts in 10 15-min sessions. Results of this uncontrolled study indicated that competition scores and scores from an independently judged video assessment improved throughout the training, beta decreased from preto postassessment, and there were no changes in HRV, sensorimotor rhythm, or theta. The withdrawal of training resulted in a decline of competition scores.

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Marla K. Beauchamp, Richard H. Harvey, and Pierre H. Beauchamp

The present article outlines the development and implementation of a multifaceted psychological skills training program for the Canadian National Short Track Speedskating team over a 3-year period leading up to the Vancouver 2010 Olympic Games. A program approach was used emphasizing a seven-phase model in an effort to enhance sport performance (Thomas, 1990) in which psychological skills training was integrated with biofeedback training to optimize self-regulation for performance on demand and under pressure. The biofeedback training protocols were adapted from general guidelines described by Wilson, Peper, and Moss (2006) who built on the work of DeMichelis (2007) and the “Mind Room” program approach for enhancing athletic performance. The goal of the program was to prepare the athletes for their best performance under the pressure of the Olympic Games. While causation cannot be implied due to the lack of a control group, the team demonstrated success on both team and individual levels.

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Kendra Nelson Ferguson and Craig Hall

Mental performance consultants (MPCs) have obtained objective validation of their expertise in helping athletes develop and use self-regulation strategies (e.g., imagery, self-talk, goal setting, biofeedback) intended for optimal performance in sport ( Association for Applied Sport Psychology, 2019

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Kendra Nelson Ferguson, Craig Hall, and Alison Divine

essential that high-performance athletes have the self-regulation strategies to manage both the positive (e.g., success) and negative (e.g., pressure, anxiety) effects of sport. Biofeedback is a technique that provides psychophysiological assessments in real time to provide an athlete with the necessary

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Rebecca L. Krupenevich, William H. Clark, Gregory S. Sawicki, and Jason R. Franz

governed not only by structural properties, but also by actively mediated changes in muscle length–tension behavior that may also be fundamentally altered due to age. Accordingly, in experiment 2, we leveraged isolated contractions and a novel electromyographic biofeedback paradigm to prescribe matched

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Soo-Yong Kim, Jae-Seop Oh, and Min-Hyeok Kang

sling system during the bridge exercise. Visual biofeedback is a useful method for checking the symmetry of left and right pressures because it provides real-time information regarding pressure at the contact site during exercise. McGough et al 13 reported that asymmetrical weight bearing is

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Sommer Christie, Maurizio Bertollo, and Penny Werthner

Neurofeedback training (NFT) and biofeedback training (BFT) refer to a set of procedures, guided by a practitioner, that use equipment to measure, process, and feed back neurological and physiological information that contributes to the development of greater self-awareness and voluntary control

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Christopher M. Saliba, Allison L. Clouthier, Scott C.E. Brandon, Michael J. Rainbow, and Kevin J. Deluzio

osteoarthritis. 7 , 8 During gait retraining sessions, indicators of kinematic or kinetic measures can be delivered in real-time though audible, visual, or haptic feedback. 9 , 10 The knee adduction moment is a marker for the medial contact force and has been the target of biofeedback to reduce knee loading. 9

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Pawel R. Golyski, Elizabeth M. Bell, Elizabeth M. Husson, Erik J. Wolf, and Brad D. Hendershot

focused on gait modification has been used to control or alter mechanical loads during ambulation and ultimately minimize the risk for longer-term complications. Existing implementation of such strategies, particularly those involving (bio)feedback, is commonly based on discrete parameters (ie, peak of a

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Kathleen U. Farmer

Peak performance is trainable through biofeedback, autogenic relaxation or quieting the mind, and visualization while in a theta brain wave state. How to achieve this integration of body, mind, and spirit is described in the following article. Research substantiates that mental practice in a receptive mind activates specific parts of the brain and ultimately enhances performance when the physical movements are acted out. Because most athletes are kinesthetic learners, their “visualizations” need to be complete experiences, encompassing sights, sounds, tastes, smells, and muscular sensations. This article presents techniques that clinicians can learn and pass on to athletes in their care.