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Sheri J. Hartman, Catherine R. Marinac, Lisa Cadmus-Bertram, Jacqueline Kerr, Loki Natarajan, Suneeta Godbole, Ruth E. Patterson, Brittany Morey and Dorothy D. Sears

standing position, it is difficult to derive thigh and body posture from a hip-worn accelerometer signal. 21 This measurement limitation is important because sedentary behavior dimensions such as sit-to-stand postural transitions and time spent standing may influence metabolic biomarkers and health

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Susan Sullivan Glenney, Derrick Paul Brockemer, Andy C. Ng, Michael A. Smolewski, Vladimir M. Smolgovskiy and Adam S. Lepley

acute, vigorous exercise testing at baseline may be contraindicated and in patients who are unfamiliar with exercise. Advances in our assessment and understanding of CVD biomarkers can allow for a safe and effective alternative to exercise testing and serve as an assessment tool to investigate the

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Seyed Mohsen Hosseini, Mojtaba Azizi, Ali Samadi, Nahid Talebi, Hannes Gatterer and Martin Burtscher

adolescent population, also resulting in many injuries and even cardiac emergencies ( 6 , 27 ). Cardiac-specific biomarkers including cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) are presumed to serologically identify cardiac myocyte damage and dysfunction ( 5 ). These

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Helen G. Hanstock, Andrew D. Govus, Thomas B. Stenqvist, Anna K. Melin, Øystein Sylta and Monica K. Torstveit

(AWD), on URI incidence and biomarkers of immunity, stress, and nutritional status. We then aimed to explore the relationship between baseline immune, stress and nutritional biomarkers, and URI incidence during HIT in well-trained male cyclists and triathletes. We hypothesized that there would be no

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Youngdeok Kim, Joaquin U. Gonzales and P. Hemachandra Reddy

coronary artery disease and myocardial infarction. However, they also reported no relationship of handgrip strength with CVD biomarkers including high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), triglycerides, and fasting glucose ( Xu & Hao, 2017 ), which is inconsistent with findings from previous studies

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Rafel Cirer-Sastre, Alejandro Legaz-Arrese, Francisco Corbi, Keith George, Jinlei Nie, Luis Enrique Carranza-García and Joaquim Reverter-Masià

release dependent on the severity of stretch and stress ( 3 ). The lower detection limits of cTnT and cTnI assays have been greatly reduced in recent years ( 58 ) with new high-sensitivity assays available for both biomarkers. These assays can detect the 99th percentile with a coefficient of variation <10

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Ciara Sinnott-O’Connor, Thomas M. Comyns, Alan M. Nevill and Giles D. Warrington

and psychological stressors, immune and stress salivary biomarkers may assist in monitoring athletic responses to training and competition demands. 4 TL monitoring can be used to measure the individual training stress for each athlete using physiological and psychological variables to ensure

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Kelsie M. Full, Eileen Johnson, Michelle Takemoto, Sheri J. Hartman, Jacqueline Kerr, Loki Natarajan, Ruth E. Patterson and Dorothy D. Sears

diagnosis continues to increase. 2 Survivors face a new set of challenges as they remain at risk for cancer recurrence and mortality. 4 , 5 Several breast cancer risk-related biomarkers have been found to be significantly associated with poor lifestyle factors such as reduced physical activity (PA) and

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Claire E. Badenhorst, Katherine E. Black and Wendy J. O’Brien

of iron within the body ( Hare, 2017 ). The resting hepcidin level has been suggested as an effective and accurate indicator of iron status ( Hare, 2017 ) and, more recently, as a biomarker in the Athlete Biological Passport ( Leuenberger et al., 2017 ). In this review, hepcidin is proposed as a

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Nathan A. Lewis, Andrew J. Simpkin, Sarah Moseley, Gareth Turner, Mark Homer, Ann Redgrave, Charles R. Pedlar and Richard Burden

-performance support team. Oxidative stress (OS), historically and simply defined as a disturbance in the prooxidant to antioxidant balance in favor of the former, 4 is evident in athletes diagnosed with overtraining syndrome 5 , 6 . Indeed, increases in biomarkers of OS correlate strongly with increases in training