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Guohua Zheng, Xin Zheng, Junzhe Li, Tingjin Duan, Kun Ling, Jing Tao and Lidian Chen

cerebral hemodynamic impairment have increasingly been established ( Hecht et al., 2012 ). Yang et al. (2016 ) reported that decreasing cerebral blood flow velocities and increasing vessel pulsatility and resistance may carry important implication in vascular pathology associated with increased risk of

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Austin T. Robinson, Adriana Mazzuco, Ahmad S. Sabbahi, Audrey Borghi-Silva and Shane A. Phillips

a stable position using a vacuum microbead cushion. The ultrasound probe was stabilized using a clamp. The ultrasound was set to triplex to simultaneously measure arterial diameter (B-mode), Doppler (blood flow velocity), and electrocardiogram. The flow signals were corrected at an insonation angle

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Christine M. Tallon, Ryan G. Simair, Alyssa V. Koziol, Philip N. Ainslie and Alison M. McManus

Sports Med . 2011 ; 45 ( 6 ): 498 – 503 . PubMed ID: 19679577 doi:10.1136/bjsm.2009.063180 10.1136/bjsm.2009.063180 19679577 4. Billinger SA , Craig JC , Kwapiszeski SJ , Sisante JV , Vidoni ED , Maletsky R , Poole DC . Dynamics of middle cerebral artery blood flow velocity during

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Ali M. McManus, Nathan R. Sletten and Daniel J. Green

obtained, baseline SFA diameter and blood flow velocity were continuously measured for 1-minute prior to cuff inflation. The cuff was inflated to 50 mm Hg above resting systolic blood pressure for 5 minutes, with measurement resuming 30 seconds prior to cuff deflation and continuing for 5 minutes postcuff

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Ryan D. Henke, Savana M. Kettner, Stephanie M. Jensen, Augustus C.K. Greife and Christopher J. Durall

. 2003 ; 33 : 33 – 46 . PubMed ID: 12477376 doi:10.2165/00007256-200333010-00003 10.2165/00007256-200333010-00003 12477376 4. Doering TJ , Resch KL , Steuernagel B , Brix J , Schneider B , Fischer GC . Passive and active exercises increase cerebral blood flow velocity in young, healthy

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Pedro L. Valenzuela, Guillermo Sánchez-Martínez, Elaia Torrontegi, Zigor Montalvo, Alejandro Lucia and Pedro de la Villa

exercise recovery in athletes. The EECP-induced shear stress stimulates vasodilatation through the release of nitric oxide and vascular endothelial growth factor. 7 , 9 In addition, EECP might improve endothelial function and increase venous return, blood flow velocity, cardiac preload, and cardiac output

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Ewan R. Williams, James McKendry, Paul T. Morgan and Leigh Breen

. 2 , 10 Indeed, the mechanisms underpinning any reported effects of CG have yet to be fully elucidated, but may involve enhanced blood flow velocity, 11 , 12 increased arterial perfusion, 13 reduced muscle oscillation, 6 and attenuation of muscle swelling by facilitating lymphatic drainage and

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Luca Pollonini, Lauren Gulley Cox and Stacey L. Gorniak

-Román , V.G. , Spina , R.J. , & Barzilai , B. ( 2000 ). Estrogen increases hyperemic microvascular blood flow velocity in postmenopausal women . The Journals of Gerontology, Series A: Biological Sciences & Medical Sciences, 55 ( 3 ), M174 – M179 . doi:10.1093/gerona/55.3.M174 10.1093/gerona/55.3.M

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Roland van den Tillaar, Erna von Heimburg and Guro Strøm Solli

. 26 , 27 Subsequently, this may also lead to increased blood flow velocity in the recovery phase, reducing oxygen transit time and thus extraction. 26 In the GXT, treadmill velocity increased with each stage, leading to decreased recovery time between steps and increased muscle recruitment

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Declan Ryan, Jorgen Wullems, Georgina Stebbings, Christopher Morse, Claire Stewart and Gladys Onambele-Pearson

risk of stroke and myocardial infarction the Rotterdam Study . Circulation . 1997 ; 96 ( 5 ): 1432 – 1437 . PubMed doi:10.1161/01.CIR.96.5.1432 9315528 10.1161/01.CIR.96.5.1432 8. Bai CH , Chen JR , Chiu HC , Pan WH . Lower blood flow velocity, higher resistance index, and larger diameter