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An Updated Panorama of Blood-Flow-Restriction Methods

Brendan R. Scott, Olivier Girard, Nicholas Rolnick, James R. McKee, and Paul S.R. Goods

adaptations are likely facilitated by acute augmentation of metabolic stress, muscle fiber recruitment, and intramuscular signaling processes that result from restricting blood flow to and from the exercising musculature. 2 The consensus is that blood flow should be partially restricted rather than fully

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The Effect of Increasing Blood Flow Restriction Pressure When the Contractions Are Already Occlusive

Vito V. Nucci, David H. Jarrett, Catherine M. Palmo, Brenna M. Razzano, Mehmet Uygur, and Scott J. Dankel

Blood flow restriction involves the use of pneumatic cuffs or elastic wraps placed at the most proximal portion of the exercising limb with the goal of reducing arterial inflow and completely occluding venous return. 1 This method of exercise has been shown to augment muscle size and strength when

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Does Blood Flow Restriction Training Improve Quadriceps Measures After Arthroscopic Knee Surgery? A Critically Appraised Topic

Erik H. Arve, Emily Madrak, and Aric J. Warren

quadriceps strength has on athletic performance, it is critical that sports medicine individuals utilize methods by which strength can be restored to preinjury levels. Blood flow restriction (BFR) training is an intervention gaining popularity in rehabilitation 13 as it appears that strength gains may be

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Enhancing Strength and Postocclusive Calf Blood Flow in Older People With Training With Blood-Flow Restriction

Stephen D. Patterson and Richard A. Ferguson

The response of calf-muscle strength, resting blood flow, and postocclusive blood flow (PObf) were investigated after 4 wk of low-load resistance training (LLRT) with and without blood-flow restriction in a matched-leg design. Ten untrained older individuals age 62–73 yr performed unilateral plantar-flexion LLRT at 25% 1-repetition maximum (1RM). One limb was trained with normal blood flow and the other had blood flow restricted using a pressure cuff above the knee. 1RM, isometric maximal voluntary contraction, and isokinetic strength at 0.52 rad/s increased (p < .05) more after LLRT with blood-flow restriction than with normal blood flow. Peak PObf increased (p < .05) after LLRT with blood-flow restriction, compared with no change after LLRT with normal blood flow. These results suggest that 4 wk of LLRT with blood-flow restriction may be beneficial to older individuals to improve strength and blood-flow parameters.

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Improvement of Lower-Body Resistance-Exercise Performance With Blood-Flow Restriction Following Acute Caffeine Intake

Diego B. Souza, Michael Duncan, and Marcos D. Polito

blood flow restriction (BFR), has been suggested as being similarly effective as moderate/high-load resistance training in increasing strength and muscle mass. 2 Although the physiological mechanisms regarding the improvement of strength and muscle mass after a low-load resistance training program with

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Blood-Flow-Restriction Training: Validity of Pulse Oximetry to Assess Arterial Occlusion Pressure

Zhen Zeng, Christoph Centner, Albert Gollhofer, and Daniel König

The combination of physical exercise with a partial blood flow restriction (BFR) in the exercising extremity has gained increasing interest in both research settings and practical training applications. Previous investigations have demonstrated that low-load resistance training in combination with

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Blood Flow Restriction Therapy Following Microfracture Surgery for Osteochondritis Dissecans in a Collegiate Athlete

Emily E. Kruithof, Spencer A. Thomas, and Patricia Tripp

Key Points ▸ The diagnosis of osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) requires familiarity with symptoms and etiology. ▸ Microfracture surgery has a return-to-participation rate of 58%. ▸ No evidence exists identifying the gold standard protocol for OCD intervention. ▸ Blood flow restriction therapy should

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Muscle Fatigue Is Attenuated When Applying Intermittent Compared With Continuous Blood Flow Restriction During Endurance Cycling

Rogério Bulhões Corvino, Débora da Luz Scheffer, Rafael Penteado dos Santos, Alexandra Latini, Anderson Souza Oliveira, and Fabrizio Caputo

There is a growing interest in the mechanisms underlying improvements in endurance training through the use of blood flow restriction (BFR). However, the outcomes from endurance training studies applying BFR are not consistent, likely due to the different training and BFR protocols applied. 1

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Blood Flow Restriction Training for the Rotator Cuff: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Jason Brumitt, Marcey Keefer Hutchison, Dan Kang, Zach Klemmer, Mike Stroud, Edward Cheng, Neil Patrick Cayanan, and Sheldon Shishido

Blood flow restriction (BFR) training utilizes a tourniquet, applied to the proximal portion of one or more extremities, to occlude arterial and venous blood flow as one exercises. 1 – 3 Prior research has demonstrated that one can perform a low-load exercise with BFR and achieve significant gains

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Blood Flow Restriction Training in Clinical Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation: A Critically Appraised Paper

Jordan Jacobson, Cale Chaltron, David Sherman, and Neal R. Glaviano

Reference Hughes L, Paton B, Rosenblatt B, Gissane C, Patterson SD. Blood flow restriction training in clinical musculoskeletal rehabilitation: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Sports Med . 2017;51(13):1003-1011. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2016-097071 Clinical Bottom Line The