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Erik H. Arve, Emily Madrak and Aric J. Warren

quadriceps strength has on athletic performance, it is critical that sports medicine individuals utilize methods by which strength can be restored to preinjury levels. Blood flow restriction (BFR) training is an intervention gaining popularity in rehabilitation 13 as it appears that strength gains may be

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Diego B. Souza, Michael Duncan and Marcos D. Polito

blood flow restriction (BFR), has been suggested as being similarly effective as moderate/high-load resistance training in increasing strength and muscle mass. 2 Although the physiological mechanisms regarding the improvement of strength and muscle mass after a low-load resistance training program with

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Emily E. Kruithof, Spencer A. Thomas and Patricia Tripp

Key Points ▸ The diagnosis of osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) requires familiarity with symptoms and etiology. ▸ Microfracture surgery has a return-to-participation rate of 58%. ▸ No evidence exists identifying the gold standard protocol for OCD intervention. ▸ Blood flow restriction therapy should

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Jordan Jacobson, Cale Chaltron, David Sherman and Neal R. Glaviano

Reference Hughes L, Paton B, Rosenblatt B, Gissane C, Patterson SD. Blood flow restriction training in clinical musculoskeletal rehabilitation: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Sports Med . 2017;51(13):1003-1011. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2016-097071 Clinical Bottom Line The

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Robert S. Thiebaud, Takashi Abe, Jeremy P. Loenneke, Tyler Garcia, Yohan Shirazi and Ross McArthur

Muscle strength and size are associated with various indicators of overall health and well-being. 1 A practical solution to developing strength and muscle size in individuals who may not be able to lift heavy loads is known as “blood flow restriction (BFR)” or “vascular occlusion” exercise. This

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Zhen Zeng, Christoph Centner, Albert Gollhofer and Daniel König

The combination of physical exercise with a partial blood flow restriction (BFR) in the exercising extremity has gained increasing interest in both research settings and practical training applications. Previous investigations have demonstrated that low-load resistance training in combination with

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Zachary W. Bell, Scott J. Dankel, Robert W. Spitz, Raksha N. Chatakondi, Takashi Abe and Jeremy P. Loenneke

The current literature suggests that the blood flow restriction pressure be set relative to an individual’s arterial occlusion pressure (AOP) as this will account for the cuff used and the size of the limb to which the cuff is applied. 1 However, this method of blood flow restriction is available

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Lauren Anne Lipker, Caitlyn Rae Persinger, Bradley Steven Michalko and Christopher J. Durall

Clinical Scenario Quadriceps atrophy and weakness are common after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). 1 , 2 Blood flow restriction (BFR) therapy, alone or in combination with exercise, has shown some promise in promoting muscular hypertrophy. 1 – 3 This review was conducted to

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Sarah J. Willis, Grégoire P. Millet and Fabio Borrani

During conditions of systemic hypoxia and/or ischemia via vascular occlusion (blood flow restriction, BFR), there is reduced oxygen availability. The different intrinsic vascular mechanisms of hypoxia-induced compensatory vasodilation 1 or BFR-induced increased vascular resistance 2 may influence

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Brian Killinger, Jakob D. Lauver, Luke Donovan and John Goetschius

therapeutic exercises may provide an opportunity to improve muscle dysfunction in CAI patients despite the presence of neuromuscular impairments. Blood flow restriction (BFR) is a supplemental muscle training technique that limits blood delivery to and from exercising muscles using a tourniquet cuff 17 and