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Emma Burnett, Jenny White and Joanna Scurr


The importance of physical activity is well known.1 However, previous research suggests that breast movement during exercise can be painful, embarrassing, and anecdotally deter exercise participation.2,3 Therefore, this research investigates whether the breast influences physical activity participation.


Female respondents (n = 249) completed a breast health and physical activity survey assessing bras and bra fit, physical activity, breast pain, comments and improvements, breast history, and demographics.


Results found that the breast was a barrier to physical activity participation for 17% of women. “I can’t find the right sports bra” and “I am embarrassed by excessive breast movement” were the most influential breast related barriers to activity. Breast pain increased with vigorous activity and poor breast support. Breast health knowledge increased the use of a sports bra and levels of physical activity.


The breast was the fourth greatest barrier to physical activity, behind energy/motivation (first), time constraints (second), and health (third), despite its omission from previous physical activity literature. As 33% of women were not meeting physical activity guidelines, increasing breast health knowledge may reduce barriers to physical activity.

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Alexandra Milligan, Chris Mills and Joanna Scurr

More and more studies are emerging reporting breast kinematics. These studies rarely present effect sizes, power, and variance in the data. Important inferences are drawn from these data, including applications to product design, breast pain assessment, sports performance effects, and more. The aim of the study was to explore the within-participant variance in breast kinematic data during a 5 km run. Multiplanar breast kinematics and within-participant variance, defined by the coefficient of variation, for 10 female participants wearing a low and high level breast support were calculated during a 5 km run. Greater within-participant variance was reported in the high level (mean = 15%) breast support compared with the low level (mean = 12%). Within-participant variance in breast kinematics did not change over the 5 km run. Differences in the magnitude of within-participant variance in breast kinematics were reported between directions of breast movement, with greater levels in the anteroposterior direction compared with mediolateral and vertical. It is important for the progression of this research area that the presence and sources of within-participant variance in breast kinematics are quantified and acknowledged, ensuring that the margin for meaningful differences can be reported.

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Elisa S. Arch, Sarah Colón and James G. Richards

or could not find the appropriate bra. 1 Excessive breast and bra motion during physical activity can lead to breast pain, pain in the shoulders, neck, back, and head, 2 , 3 stretch of the Cooper’s ligaments that provide intrinsic support of the breasts. 4 Bra motion and breast health research aims

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Daniel Martin, Craig Sale, Simon B. Cooper and Kirsty J. Elliott-Sale

.9  Bloating 1 0.5  Blood pressure 1 0.5  Blood side effects [ sic ] 1 0.5  Breast pain 1 0.5  Dizziness and blurred vision 1 0.5  For estrogen reasons [ sic ] 1 0.5  Hot flushes 1 0.5  Illness 1 0.5  Pain during intercourse 1 0.5  Premenstrual syndrome 1 0.5  Removed to assess estrogen level 1 0.5 Emotional

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Independent breast movement occurs during exercise due to limited intrinsic breast support. This lack of support can have a number of negative consequences for both elite sports women and recreationally active females. These consequences include: exercise-related breast pain, reported in up to 72% of