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jpah Journal of Physical Activity and Health 1543-3080 1543-5474 2011 8 s2 10.1123/jpah.2011.8.issue-s2 Building Capacity–Celebrating 16 Years of Physical Activity and Public Health Postgraduate Training Courses With generous support of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division

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Lawrence R. Brawley, Madelaine S. H. Gierc, and Sean R. Locke

There are multiple avenues to gain health promoting and disease preventing benefits of physical activity (PA) but nonadherence makes health benefits short-lived. Gains obtained through structured exercise training and therapy quickly decay once participants leave programs. Scientific position statements underscore cognitive-behavioral strategies (CBS) as an essential intervention component to increase and maintain PA and recommend transfer of CBS knowledge to practice. Our review of reviews indicates high quality PA interventions involving CBS consistently demonstrate medium effect sizes. Kinesiologists are the human resource capacity to translate this knowledge. Building capacity to implement CBS knowledge is potentially large given North American kinesiology programs and American College of Sports Medicine and Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology certification routes. Yet CBS training of kinesiologists by universities and organizations is minimal. Immediate change in CBS training and practice is needed. Professional organizations/institutions can either be leaders in developing human resources or part of the problem should they fail to address the challenge of CBS training.

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Russell R. Pate, Jennifer L. Gay, David R. Brown, and Michael Pratt

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Alison Doherty and Graham Cuskelly

Using a multidimensional framework, the authors developed the Community Sport Capacity Scale to measure the key elements of capacity in community sport organizations or clubs and investigate their relative impact on three key indicators of club performance. Presidents or their representatives from 336 community sport organizations in 20 sports across the province of Ontario, Canada, completed the web-based survey measuring the extent of various elements of human resources, infrastructure, finance, planning, and external relationships capacity. The survey also measured club operations, programs, and community presence, identified as key performance outcomes. Controlling for club size, elements representing all five capacity dimensions were significantly associated with the outcomes. The findings highlight the rich information that may be generated from a multidimensional and context-specific perspective on organizational capacity, and indicate implications for building capacity in community sport organizations.

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Kelly R. Evenson, Joan M. Dorn, Ricky Camplain, Russell R. Pate, and David R. Brown

Background:

From 1995–2013, an 8-day Physical Activity and Public Health Course for Researchers has been offered yearly in the United States.

Methods:

In 2013, an evaluation quantified time that fellows spent in different course offerings, surveyed fellows on course impact, documented grant funding, and identified fellow participation on leading physical activity-related journals.

Results:

The number of fellows that attended the course ranged from 20 per year to 35 per year. Fellows who participated in the web survey (n = 322) agreed that the course: met their expectations (99%), had a positive impact on the physical activity research or practice work they did (98%), and helped increase their professional networking in the field (93%). Following the course, 73% of fellows had further contact with course faculty and 71% had further contact with other fellows. From the National Institutes of Health, 117 grants were awarded to 82 fellows (21% of eligible fellows). Out of 14 journals reviewed, 11 had at least 1 fellow on their staff as editor, associate editor, or editorial board member.

Conclusion:

The Physical Activity and Public Health Course for Researchers helps address a training need by providing instruction and building capacity in the US and abroad for conducting research on physical activity and public health.

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Patti Millar and Alison Doherty

understanding of the capacity building process. Review of Literature Organizational Capacity Building Capacity building is a natural extension of the inquiry surrounding organizational capacity, as a strategic process to address gaps in one or more dimensions. However, broad terms that do not distinguish

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Artur Direito, Joseph J. Murphy, Matthew Mclaughlin, Jacqueline Mair, Kelly Mackenzie, Masamitsu Kamada, Rachel Sutherland, Shannon Montgomery, Trevor Shilton, and on behalf of the ISPAH Early Career Network

: 19164814 doi:10.1123/jpah.5.6.765 19164814 10.1123/jpah.5.6.765 19. Shilton T . Advocacy for non-communicable disease prevention—building capacity in Japan . Jpn J Health Educ Promot . 2016 ; 24 ( 2 ): 102 – 117 . 20. Indig D , Lee K , Grunseit A , Milat A , Bauman A. Pathways for

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Joey Murphy, Karen Milton, Matthew Mclaughlin, Trevor Shilton, Gabriella M. McLoughlin, Lindsey J. Reece, Jacqueline L. Mair, Artur Direito, Katharina E. Kariippanon, Kelly J. Mackenzie, Myrto F. Mavilidi, Erin M. Shellington, Masamitsu Kamada, Leonie Heron, Edtna Jauregui, Chalchisa Abdeta, Ilaria Pina, Ryan Pinto, and Rachel Sutherland

perceived supports that are needed, which are consistent with the factors identified in systems literature that describe implementation successes, such as a need to strengthen political commitment and leadership and to support and enable the workforce. 36 Like previous research, 19 building capacity

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Meera Sreedhara, Karin Valentine Goins, Christine Frisard, Milagros C. Rosal, and Stephenie C. Lemon

departments are increasingly participating in CHIPs, which can provide communities with a method for galvanizing collaboration and building capacity. Such elements are necessary for improving built environments and addressing complex health issues such as physical inactivity. Although our study suggests that

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Margaret McGladrey, Angela Carman, Christy Nuetzman, and Nicole Peritore

://www.rwjf.org/en/library/research/2011/09/how-does-where-we-live--work--learn-and-play-affect-our-health-.html. Accessed August 9, 2018. 4. Dillon C . Rural Obesity: Strategies to Support Rural Counties in Building Capacity . Washington, DC : National Association of Counties ; 2008 . 5. CDC . The social-ecological model: a