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Ariane Bélanger-Gravel, Lise Gauvin, Daniel Fuller, and Louis Drouin


Favorable public opinion and support for policies are essential to favor the sustainability of environmental interventions. This study examined public perceptions and support for active living policies associated with implementing a public bicycle share program (PBSP).


Two cross-sectional population-based telephone surveys were conducted in 2009 and 2010 among 5011 adults in Montréal, Canada. Difference-in-differences analyses tested the impact of the PBSP on negative perceptions of the impact of the PBSP on the image of the city, road safety, ease of traveling, active transportation, health, and resistance to policies.


People living closer to docking stations were less likely to have negative perceptions of the effect of the PBSP on the image of the city (OR = 0.5; 95% CI, 0.4−0.8) and to be resistant to policies (OR = 0.8; 95% CI, 0.6−1.0). The likelihood of perceiving negative effects on road safety increased across time (OR = 1.4; 95% CI, 1.2−1.8). Significant interactions were observed for perceptions of ease of traveling (OR = 0.5; 95% CI, 0.4−0.8), active transportation (OR = 0.6; 95% CI, 0.4−1.0), and health (OR = 0.6; 95% CI, 0.4−0.8): likelihood of negative perceptions decreased across time among people exposed.


Findings indicate that negative perceptions were more likely to abate among those living closer to the PBSP.

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Kelly Cornett, Katherine Bray-Simons, Heather M. Devlin, Sunil Iyengar, Patricia Moore Shaffer, and Janet E. Fulton

Built Environment Interventions to Increase Physical Activity . MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep, 2017 ; 66 : 460 . doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6617a4 3. US Department of Health Human Services . Step It Up! The Surgeon General’s Call to Action to Promote Walking and Walkable Communities . Washington, DC : US

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Michael C. Harding, Quinn D. Bott, and Christopher E. Jonas

levels is required for optimal results. 5 Adapted with permission from Human Kinetics. 8 Built environment interventions offer a potential remedy to the problem of sedentary living. A previously mentioned barrier to active transportation is concern about safety. Studies show that the presence of bike

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Jeanette Gustat, Christopher E. Anderson, Keelia O’Malley, Tian Hu, Rachel G. Tabak, Karin Valentine Goins, Cheryl Valko, Jill S. Litt, and Amy A. Eyler

, Dannenberg AL , Kochititzky C . Using policy and built environment interventions to improve public health . J Public Health Manag Pract . 2008 ; 14 : 221 – 223 . doi:10.1097/01.PHH.0000316479.19394.84 18408545 10.1097/01.PHH.0000316479.19394.84 28. Institute of Medicine . Physical Activity: Moving