This study examined whether the relationships between self-oriented and socially prescribed perfectionism and symptoms of burning out (i.e., reduced accomplishment, emotional and physical exhaustion, sport devaluation, negative affect, and symptoms of physical ill-health) were moderated by hearing ability. A total of 417 athletes (hearing = 205, deaf = 212) completed the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (Hewitt & Flett, 1991, 2004), the negative affect subscale of the Positive Affect and Negative Affect Schedule (Watson, Clark, & Tellegen, 1988), the Athlete Burnout Questionnaire (Raedeke & Smith, 2001), and the Physical Symptoms Checklist (Emmons, 1991). Regression analyses revealed the hypothesized relationships were generally consistent across both groups. The current findings provide insight into the potential effects of perfectionism dimensions for hearing and deaf athletes’ health.
Mimi S. H. Ho, Paul R. Appleton, Jennifer Cumming, and Joan L. Duda
Pierre-Nicolas Lemyre, Darren C. Treasure, and Glyn C. Roberts
Forty-four elite swimmers (F = 19, M = 25) participated in the present study designed to examine shifts along the self-determined motivation continuum, as well as swings in negative and positive affect, to predict susceptibility to athlete burnout. Each week the participants were asked to record positive and negative affect states. Swimmers’ affect swing was calculated using mean intraindividual standard deviation scores as an indicator of intraindividual variance. Every third week the athletes’ level of self-determined motivation to participate in swimming was compiled on a self-determination index. A motivational trend slope for the whole season was computed for each swimmer. Results indicated that shifts in the quality of motivation were reliable predictors of all burnout dimensions. In addition, results of the regression analyses showed that swimmers experiencing increased variability in negative affect were more at risk for burnout. These two psychological constructs reliably predicted burnout potential in elite swimmers.
Daniel Gould, Suzanne Tuffey, Eileen Udry, and James Loehr
This article reports findings from the second phase of a larger research project designed to examine burnout in competitive junior tennis players. This phase of the project was qualitative in nature and involved two components. First, interviews were conducted with 10 individuals who were identified as being most burned out in the quantitative phase (Phase 1) of the project. Content analyses of the 10 respondents’ interviews identified mental and physical characteristics of burnout, as well as reasons for burning out. Recommendations for preventing burnout in players, parents, and coaches also were gleaned. Second, the 10 individual cases were examined in light of the major tenants of the three existing models of athlete burnout. Results from the examination of the burnout models suggested that burnout is best thought of in terms of Smith’s (1986) chronic stress model with physical and social psychological strains falling under it.
Daniel J. Madigan, Luke F. Olsson, Andrew P. Hill, and Thomas Curran
, N. ( 2011 ). Are athletes burning out with passion? European Journal of Sport Science, 11 ( 6 ), 387 – 395 . http://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2010.536573 10.1080/17461391.2010.536573 Gustafsson , H. , Hassmén , P. , Kenttä , G. , & Johansson , M. ( 2008 ). A qualitative analysis of
Frazer Atkinson, Jeffrey J. Martin, and E. Whitney G. Moore
. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60 ( 3 ), 456 – 470 . Ho , M.S. , Appleton , P.R. , Cumming , J. , & Duda , J.L. ( 2015 ). Examining the relationship between perfectionism dimensions and burning out symptoms in deaf and hearing athletes . Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology
Lea-Cathrin Dohme, David Piggott, Susan Backhouse, and Gareth Morgan
.g., keeping to oneself or listening to music). It can prevent athletes from burning out and getting bored. Synonyms: • N/A Associated behaviors/outcomes: • N/A Maintaining a sense of balance Antecedents: • N/A Connaughton et al. ( 2010 , 2008 ), Durand-Bush and Salmela ( 2002 ), Holland et al. ( 2010 ), and
Martin Camiré, Kelsey Kendellen, Scott Rathwell, and Evelyne Felber Charbonneau
negative outcomes such as burning out and dropping out of sport ( Buford-May, 2001 ; Camiré & Trudel, 2010 ). Given that high school sport participation has been associated with both positive and negative developmental outcomes, the factors influencing the nature of students’ experiences must be examined
Ralph Appleby, Paul Davis, Louise Davis, and Henrik Gustafsson
.1080/10705519909540118 10.1080/10705519909540118 Isoard-Gautheur , S. , Guillet-Descas , E. , & Duda , J.L. ( 2013 ). How to achieve in elite training centers without burning out? An achievement goal theory perspective . Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 14 ( 1 ), 72 – 83 . doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2012.08.001 10
K. Andrew R. Richards, Alyssa M. Trad, Christopher J. Kinder, Kim C. Graber, and Amelia Mays Woods
intelligence and job satisfaction of physical education teachers . Annals of Biological Research, 3, 780 – 788 . Padilla , M.A. , & Thompson , J.N. ( 2016 ). Burning out faculty at doctoral research universities . Stress and Health, 32 ( 5 ), 551 – 558 . PubMed ID: 26620490 doi:10.1002/smi.2661
Marlene A. Dixon
authentic to who one is as a scholar or a person. If you are young in the field or maybe burning out a bit, I encourage you to turn off the pressures to do “projects,” to do things that are “good for your CV,” and focus your study, hone your efforts on the problems that resonate with you. As your questions