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Associations Between Anthropometric Indicators in Early Life and Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Physical Activity, and Sedentary Time in Adolescence

José Oliveira-Santos, Rute Santos, Carla Moreira, Sandra Abreu, Luís Lopes, César Agostinis-Sobrinho, and Jorge Mota

represent a useful indicator for the development of several other characteristics. Low levels of physical fitness and physical activity, and higher amounts of sedentary time, have also been associated with a range number of negative health outcomes. 7 , 8 Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is a dimension of

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Low Cardiorespiratory Fitness Is Partially Linked to Ventilatory Factors in Obese Adolescents

Monique Mendelson, Anne-Sophie Michallet, Julia Tonini, Anne Favre-Juvin, Michel Guinot, Bernard Wuyam, and Patrice Flore


To examine the role of ventilatory constraint on cardiorespiratory fitness in obese adolescents.


Thirty obese adolescents performed a maximal incremental cycling exercise and were divided into 2 groups based on maximal oxygen uptake (VO2peak): those presenting low (L; n = 15; VO2peak: 72.9 ± 8.6% predicted) or normal (N; n = 15; VO2peak: 113.6 ± 19.2% predicted) cardiorespiratory fitness. Both were compared with a group of healthy controls (C; n = 20; VO2peak: 103.1 ± 11.2% predicted). Ventilatory responses were explored using the flow volume loop method.


Cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2peak, in % predicted) was lower in L compared with C and N and was moderately associated with the percent predicted forced vital capacity (FVC) (r = .52; p < .05) in L. At peak exercise, end inspiratory point was lower in L compared with N and C (77.4 ± 8.1, 86.4 ± 7.7, and 89.9 ± 7.6% FVC in L, N, and C, respectively; p < .05), suggesting an increased risk of ventilatory constraint in L, although at peak exercise this difference could be attributed to the lower maximal ventilation in L.


Forced vital capacity and ventilatory strategy to incremental exercise slightly differed between N and L. These results suggest a modest participation of ventilatory factors to exercise intolerance.

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Cardiorespiratory Fitness Predicts Higher Inhibitory Control in Patients With Substance Use Disorder

Vagner D.O. Tavares, Kell G. da Costa, Daniel A.R. Cabral, Maria L.M. Rego, Menna Price, and Eduardo B. Fontes

% ( Maisto, Pollock, Cornelius, Lynch, & Martin, 2003 ). Thus, new strategies are necessary to help the treatment of individuals with SUD. Regularly performed physical exercise (defined as planned and structured activity for cardiorespiratory fitness; Caspersen, Powell, & Christenson, 1985 ) has been shown

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The Association Between Neighborhood Socioeconomic Deprivation, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, and Physical Activity in US Youth

Morgan N. Clennin and Russell R. Pate

Strong evidence suggests that cardiorespiratory fitness is a powerful marker of health in youth and is associated with cardiometabolic health in adulthood. 1 – 5 Unfortunately, cardiorespiratory fitness levels in youth have declined steadily over the past 3 decades. 2 , 6 , 7 In the United States

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Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Survivors

Maxime Caru, Daniel Curnier, Pierre Dubois, Matthias G. Friedrich, Gregor Andelfinger, Maja Krajinovic, Caroline Laverdière, Daniel Sinnett, and Delphine Périé

ALL survivors’ anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity, a good cardiorespiratory fitness level was associated with better cardiac health. 4 The recent American College of Sports Medicine guidelines in exercise and oncology, in line with those by the World Health Organization, recommend a minimum of 150

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Echocardiographic Parameters Associated With Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Physical Activity in Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Survivors

Maxime Caru, Pierre Dubois, Daniel Curnier, Gregor Andelfinger, Maja Krajinovic, Caroline Laverdière, Daniel Sinnett, and Delphine Périé

times per week. Although following physical activity recommendations does not necessarily lead to better physical fitness, 20 it has been demonstrated that a good cardiorespiratory fitness level was associated with a better cardiovascular health (eg, better ejection fraction) in childhood ALL survivors

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Higher Cardiorespiratory Fitness Is Associated With Better Verbal Generativity in Community-Dwelling Older Adults

Natalie Frost, Michael Weinborn, Gilles E. Gignac, Shaun Markovic, Stephanie R. Rainey-Smith, Hamid R. Sohrabi, Ralph N. Martins, Jeremiah J. Peiffer, and Belinda M. Brown

cardiorespiratory fitness that is the strongest protective factor. Executive Functioning, Physical Activity, and Fitness Executive functions are defined as higher level control processes that coordinate other cognitive abilities ( Miyake et al., 2000 ). Within the literature, five subdomains of executive function

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A Pilot Study of Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Adiposity, and Cardiometabolic Health in Youth With Overweight and Obesity

S. Nicole Fearnbach, Neil M. Johannsen, Corby K. Martin, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, Robbie A. Beyl, Daniel S. Hsia, Owen T. Carmichael, and Amanda E. Staiano

Maintaining high cardiorespiratory fitness has been shown to be protective against the development of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, independent of body weight (BW [ 1 , 30 ]). In adults, high fitness is associated with reduced mortality, even when controlling for other risk factors

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Gut Microbiota Composition Is Related to Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Healthy Young Adults

Ryan P. Durk, Esperanza Castillo, Leticia Márquez-Magaña, Gregory J. Grosicki, Nicole D. Bolter, C. Matthew Lee, and James R. Bagley

the best of our knowledge, no study has examined if F/B is associated with cardiorespiratory fitness, as assessed by maximal oxygen consumption (VO 2 max), independent from dietary or anthropometric measures. The purpose of this exploratory study was to identify potential relationships among relative

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The Longitudinal Association of Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Adiposity With Clustered Cardiometabolic Risk: A Mediation Analysis

João Francisco de Castro Silveira, Caroline Brand, Letícia Welser, Anelise Reis Gaya, Ryan Donald Burns, Karin Allor Pfeiffer, Rodrigo Antunes Lima, Lars Bo Andersen, Cézane Priscila Reuter, and Hildegard Hedwig Pohl

behavioral habits ( 3 ). Previous literature has demonstrated that both cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and adiposity are biological traits that independently associate with cardiometabolic risk in children and adolescents ( 6 , 24 , 45 ). It has been established that adiposity plays a crucial role in the