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World-Class Sprinters’ Careers: Early Success Does Not Guarantee Success at Adult Age

Gennaro Boccia, Marco Cardinale, and Paolo Riccardo Brustio

studies tracked the career trajectories of large samples of athletes, including both junior and senior elite performers, 12 – 14 but these research efforts were confined to national-level athletes, and thus, the conclusions might not apply to world-class performers. In particular, despite their

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Don’t Throw the Baby Out With the Bathwater: Talent in Swimming Sprinting Events Might Be Hidden at Early Age

Paolo Riccardo Brustio, Marco Cardinale, Corrado Lupo, and Gennaro Boccia

performances throughout an athlete’s career from junior to senior may provide helpful information to define realistic goals and identify adequate performance expectations. 1 – 3 In swimming, different studies conducted on national and international levels provided benchmarks for career trajectories. 1 , 2 , 4

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Career Performance Trajectories of Professional Australian Football Players

Courtney Sullivan, Thomas Kempton, Patrick Ward, and Aaron J. Coutts

remuneration by a salary cap. As such, identifying career trajectories that benchmark playing performance would be inherently invaluable in decisions related to player recruitment and contracting. Career trajectories and the age of peak performance have been well-documented in individual sports 1 – 3 ; however

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Elite Junior Throwers Unlikely to Remain at the Top Level in the Senior Category

Gennaro Boccia, Marco Cardinale, and Paolo Riccardo Brustio

Purpose: This study investigated (1) the transition rate of elite world-class throwers, (2) the age of peak performance in either elite junior and/or elite senior athletes, and (3) if relative age effect (RAE) influences the chance of being considered elite in junior and/or senior category. Methods: The career performance trajectories of 5108 throwers (49.9% females) were extracted from the World Athletics database. The authors identified throwers who had reached the elite level (operationally defined as the World all-time top 50 ranked for each age category) in either junior and/or senior category and calculated the junior-to-senior transition rate. The age of peak performance and the RAE were also investigated. Results: The transition rate at 16 and 18 years of age was 6% and 12% in males and 16% and 24% in females, respectively. Furthermore, elite senior throwers reached their personal best later in life than elite junior throwers. The athletes of both genders considered elite in the junior category showed a large RAE. Interestingly, male athletes who reached the elite level in senior category also showed appreciable RAE. Conclusions: Only a few of the athletes who reach the top 50 in the world at 16 or 18 years of age manage to become elite senior athletes, underlining that success at the beginning of an athletic career does not predict success in the athlete’s senior career. Moreover, data suggest that being relatively older may confer a benefit across the whole career of male throwers.

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“Active” and “Passive” Coach Pathways: Elite Athletes’ Entry Routes Into High-Performance Coaching Roles

Alexander David Blackett, Adam B. Evans, and David Piggott

career trajectories to be a “generic stepwise model that describes careers in terms of age-specific and chronologically ordered milestones” (pp. 99–100). By proposing this, Christensen ( 2013 ) infers that the actual career trajectory of elite athletes making the transition to high-performance coach has

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Reflections on a Career Spanning Kinesiology and Athletic Training

David H. Perrin

’s role as a faculty member in higher education, and it heavily influenced my own career trajectory. I recall as a young boy asking Ron, a professor of philosophy, to explain the meaning of the word “philosophy.” With Ron and I both having careers in higher education, we frequently discussed the issues

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Lifers and Troupers: Urban Physical Education Teachers Who Stay

Mary L. Henninger

The purpose of this study was to understand factors that influenced the career trajectories of veteran urban secondary physical education teachers. The careers of these teachers were studied from the theoretical perspectives of teacher efficacy and teacher career development. Participants included 9 secondary urban physical education teachers (4 females and 5 males). Data were collected using 7 qualitative methods. Data analysis involved constant comparison through the processes of open and axial coding followed by a cross-case comparison (Strauss & Corbin, 1998). Findings indicated that organizational contexts of these veteran urban physical education teachers played the most salient role in shaping their beliefs and behaviors. Although the organizational contextual factors reported were similar across this group of teachers, individual responses differed greatly. These differences delineated teachers into two groups of stayers: lifers and troupers. Knowledge of workplace conditions’ specific effects on teachers’ career trajectories provides valuable information for initial preparation of novice teachers and for further professional development.

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Serious Sport Tourism and Event Travel Careers

Donald Getz and Aaron McConnell

This article seeks to advance theory pertaining to serious sport tourism, through the application of serious leisure and ego-involvement theory and the analysis of a survey of participants in the TransRockies Challenge mountain-bike event. Participants were questioned postevent about their motives, involvement in their sport, event-related travel, and destination and event preferences. Analysis revealed that most respondents were highly involved in competitive mountain biking, and were primarily motivated by self development through meeting a challenge. Many respondents also participated in a portfolio of other competitive sport events that provided similar personal rewards. Results suggest that many serious sport tourists develop travel careers centered on competitive events. A hypothetical framework for assessing six dimensions of event travel career trajectories is developed, leading to consideration of practical management implications and research needs.

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Career Patterns of Athletic Directors: Challenging the Conventional Wisdom

Maureen P. Fitzgerald, Mary Ann D. Sagaria, and Barbara Nelson

This study used a sociological career trajectory model to examine the career patterns of 200 male and female NCAA Division I, II, and III athletic directors. A normative career pattern derived from the literature on athletic directors was posited to compare the histories of incumbent NCAA athletic directors (ADs). The actual career experiences of ADs challenged the norm of the posited five-position sequence that begins with collegiate athlete; progresses through high school coach, collegiate coach, and associate or assistant director; and culminates with athletic director. Competing as a collegiate athlete and coaching at the college level were the two most frequent experiences underpinning the AD position. Differences from the posited norms were most likely to be associated with directors of NCAA Division II and III institutions and with women.

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The Influence of the Internship on Students’ Career Decision Making

Michael Odio, Michael Sagas, and Shannon Kerwin

The internship experience is generally recognized for its educational and career-related benefits (Gault, Leach, & Duey, 2010); however, scholars are beginning to question the merit and expected benefits of undergraduate internships in sport management (King, 2009; Schneider & Stier, 2006). Further research has found evidence that the internship experience may negatively influence students’ intent to enter the profession (Cunningham, Sagas, Dixon, Kent, & Turner, 2005). The current study uses a longitudinal approach and qualitative analysis to examine the influence of the internship on students’ career-related decision making. Findings show that the internship plays a major role in shaping students’ career trajectory; however, many students come away more confused about their career path than before their internship. Further findings reveal issues related to intern supervision and the type of learning opportunities available to students.