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Theresa C. Brown and Mary D. Fry

This study examined the effects of a university recreation center intervention aimed at increasing members’ perceptions of a caring, task-involving climate. In addition, members’ perceptions of staff behaviors and their own behaviors were measured. College students (N = 282) completed questionnaires before and after an intervention designed to increase perceptions of a caring, task-involving climate. Results revealed the intervention did increase members’ perceptions of the caring, task-involving climate while reducing perceptions of the ego-involving climate. Members’ perceptions of the staff and their own positive behaviors also increased. The staff’s behaviors predicted members’ perceptions of the three types of climates; moreover, members’ perceptions of the ego-involving climate negatively predicted their caring, task-involving behaviors. The study suggests that members’ perceptions of the climate can be positively influenced through minimal training with recreation center staff and that the behaviors in which the staff engage are an antecedent to members’ perceptions of the motivational climate.

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Sheryl Miller and Mary Fry

, Smith, & Raine, 2015 ). In addition to the importance of creating a task-involving climate, recent research ( Hogue, Fry, & Fry, 2017 ; Newland, Newton, Stark, Podlog, & Hall, 2017 ) has also highlighted the value of fostering a caring climate, where individuals feel safe, welcomed, respected, and

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Tim Henwood, Sharon Hetherington, Madeleine Purss, Kevin Rouse, Julie Morrow and Michele Smith

Population aging, increasing disability, and prevalence of complex health conditions present many challenges for older people and place stress on healthcare system funding. When coupled with increasing care needs and the growth of the population aged 85 and older, projected Australian health care

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Theresa C. Brown and Mary D. Fry

This study examined the relationship between college students’ perceptions of the motivational climate (i.e., caring, task- and ego-involving) in physical activity courses to their physical self-concept, hope, and happiness. Midwestern university undergraduates (N = 412), enrolled in group physical activity classes, completed the following measures: class climate, physical self-concept, hope, and happiness. Canonical correlation analysis revealed that students who perceived a caring, task-involving climate were more likely to report high physical self-concept, hope, and happiness. A gender comparison found that while perceptions of the ego-involving climate were significantly higher for males, the ego climate did not significantly contribute to the males’ canonical correlation. In addition, while physical self-concept was positively associated with climate for both genders, males were more likely to experience higher physical self-concept than females. Results suggest positive and supportive exercise environments may not only help individuals reap the physical benefits of exercise but also the psychological benefits.

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Danae Dinkel, Dipti Dev, Yage Guo, Emily Hulse, Zainab Rida, Ami Sedani and Brian Coyle

Early childhood is a critical time period for developing physical activity behaviors. 1 During this time, ∼74% of all 3- to 6-year-old children in the United States are in some form of nonparental care, and children 3 years old and younger spend an average of 29 hours per week in child care with a

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Hongjun Yu and Andiara Schwingel

As life expectancy increases, population aging has become an important focus of global health. Aging is associated with increased burden of chronic diseases and increased health care costs. This is an important challenge to global economic stability in the 21st century ( Prince et al., 2015 ). Both

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Kayla Regan, Felicia White, David Harvey and Laura E. Middleton

and formal caring cost $818 billion worldwide in 2015 ( Prince et al., 2016 ). On an individual level, people with dementia (PWD) often experience physical impairment and social isolation in addition to cognitive decline ( Montero-Odasso, Verghese, Beauchet, & Hausdorff, 2012 ). PWD report poorer

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Andreas Heissel, Anou Pietrek, Michael A. Rapp, Stephan Heinzel and Geoffrey Williams

incentives undermines autonomy and motivation and is to be avoided ( Ryan & Deci, 2017 ). In the context of health care counseling, need support is seen as a core ingredient in the relationship between the health care provider and patient, supporting inner motivational resources and the autonomous self

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Miranda Brunett and René Revis Shingles

Clinical Scenario People from different cultures, races, ethnicities, genders, sexualities, and other social locations have different beliefs about illness and different needs and preferences when it comes to receiving health care. Cultural competence in health care can generally be defined as the

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Stephanie Mazzucca, Derek Hales, Kelly R. Evenson, Alice Ammerman, Deborah F. Tate, Diane C. Berry and Dianne S. Ward

– 16 Benefits of physical activity extend to children’s emotional health 17 – 20 and cognitive development, including academic achievement. 21 – 23 Early care and education (ECE) centers are an important setting for promoting physical activity during early childhood when lifelong habits are being