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Nathan A. Lewis, Ann Redgrave, Mark Homer, Richard Burden, Wendy Martinson, Brian Moore and Charles R. Pedlar

syndrome. a  Food diary taken the week after diagnosis, with the athlete undertaking prescribed rest, not training or using any protein or carbohydrate supplements. b Retinol equivalents; including preformed retinoids from animal foods, and precursor carotenoids from plant foods. c Median. After the

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David C. Nieman, Courtney L. Capps, Christopher R. Capps, Zack L. Shue and Jennifer E. McBride

Carotenoids are natural fat-soluble compounds that provide yellow–red pigments in fruits and vegetables and exert antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anticarcinogenic effects ( Gann et al., 1999 ; Story et al., 2010 ). Tomatoes and tomato products are rich in lycopene and other carotenoids such as

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Richard J. Bloomer, Andrew Fry, Brian Schilling, Loren Chiu, Naruhiro Hori and Lawrence Weiss

This investigation was designed to determine the effects of astaxanthin on markers of skeletal muscle injury. Twenty resistance trained men (mean ± standard error of the mean: age, 25.1 ± 1.6 y; height, 1.79 ± 0.02 m; weight, 86.8 ± 4.4 kg) were assigned to either a placebo (1732 mg safflower oil, n = 10) or astaxanthin (BioAstin; 1732 mg safflower oil; haematococcus algae extract [contains 4 mg astaxanthin and 480 mg lutein], n = 10). Subjects consumed their assigned treatment for 3 wk prior to eccentric exercise (10 sets of 10 repetitions at 85% of one repetition maximum) and through 96 h post-exercise. Muscle soreness, creatine kinase (CK), and muscle performance was measured before and through 96 h post-exercise. A similar response was observed for both treatment groups for all dependent variables, indicating that in resistance trained men, astaxanthin supplementation does not favorably affect indirect markers of skeletal muscle injury following eccentric loading.

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Skiadopoulos * Erica Randle * Paul O’Halloran * Pam Kappelides * Steve Teakel * Sonya Stanley * Matthew Nicholson * 1 05 2018 28 3 259 265 10.1123/ijsnem.2017-0170 ijsnem.2017-0170 Effect of 4-Week Ingestion of Tomato-Based Carotenoids on Exercise-Induced Inflammation, Muscle Damage, and Oxidative

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Nathan A. Lewis, Andrew J. Simpkin, Sarah Moseley, Gareth Turner, Mark Homer, Ann Redgrave, Charles R. Pedlar and Richard Burden

function (thyroid stimulating hormone); nutritional status (vitamin C, vitamin D, alpha-tocopherol, and the carotenoids: lutein, alpha-carotene, and beta-carotene); muscle damage and inflammation (creatine kinase, C-reactive protein) were measured at the beginning of the study period and again prior to the

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Edgar J. Gallardo and Andrew R. Coggan

numerous other potentially biologically active compounds, including carotenoids, betalains, bioflavonoids, and ascorbic acid ( Georgiev et al., 2010 ; Wruss et al., 2015 ). Indeed, there is some evidence that BRJ may be more effective than simple NO 3 − salts at reducing muscle pain after eccentric

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Erika Rees-Punia, Charles E. Matthews, Ellen M. Evans, Sarah K. Keadle, Rebecca L. Anderson, Jennifer L. Gay, Michael D. Schmidt, Susan M. Gapstur and Alpa V. Patel

, A. , Lillegaard , I.T. , Gran , J.M. , Drevon , C.A. , Blomhoff , R. , & Andersen , L.F. ( 2011 ). Relative validity of fruit and vegetable intake estimated from an FFQ, using carotenoid and flavonoid biomarkers and the method of triads . British Journal of Nutrition, 105 ( 10

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Ahmed Ismaeel, Michael Holmes, Evlampia Papoutsi, Lynn Panton and Panagiotis Koutakis

, vitamin E, carotenoids, and flavonoids, which scavenge ROS ( Birben et al., 2012 ). ROS include peroxides, superoxide, hydroxyl radical, hydroperoxyl radical, singlet oxygen, alpha-oxygen, and hydrogen peroxide ( Niki, 2018 ). Single bouts of endurance or resistance exercise can promote the generation of

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Mike Pryzbek, Julie Richardson, Lehana Thabane and Ada Tang

Rehabilitation, 96 ( 1 ), 15 – 23 . PubMed ID: 25220942 doi:10.1016/j.apmr.2014.08.015 10.1016/j.apmr.2014.08.015 Vaccaro , J.A. , & Huffman , F.G. ( 2016 ). Cardiovascular endurance, body mass index, physical activity, screen time, and carotenoid intake of children: NHANES National Youth Fitness