Using the Integrated Model of Response to Sport Injury as a theoretical framework, athletes’ psychological strengths and emotional responses were explored throughout the injury process using a case study approach. Four Division I athletes completed measures of mental toughness, hardiness, and optimism before their season (time 1), once they became injured (time 2), midway through rehabilitation (time 3), and when they were cleared to participate (time 4). Coping behavior, psychological response, and rehabilitation adherence were recorded at time 2–time 4, while recovering. In addition, interviews were conducted after time 4. Mental toughness, hardiness, and optimism varied over time and across cases, with broad individual differences in response to injury. Athletes experienced a loss of athletic identity combined with feelings of guilt and helplessness over the initial stages of injury, but positive experiences were also found. All cases also reported playing through injury. Understanding the psychological strengths and responses of athletes can help professionals work with injured athletes.
Leilani Madrigal and Diane L. Gill
David A. Shearer, Stephen D. Mellalieu and Catherine R. Shearer
While posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is most commonly associated with survivors of traumatic events (e.g., combat), PTSD can occur after any situation in which victims perceive that their life or safety is threatened. In sport, athletes often place themselves in dangerous situations and are also exposed to the same lifestyle dangers as the general population. The literature on PTSD among athletes is sparse, and consequently, it is possible that many (non-clinical) sport psychologists would fail to recognize the symptoms and may subsequently fail to refer the athlete to the appropriate professional for clinical assistance. In the following case study, we present an example of an athlete suffering from PTSD following a serious bicycle accident in which she sustained head and facial injuries. We briefly detail the nature of PTSD and discuss how sport psychology services can be implemented alongside a parallel clinical intervention program. Finally, we offer recommendations for practice when working with athletes with PTSD.
research and practice. In this commentary, I will expand on their recommendations by proposing that exercise scientists should more frequently utilize a specific qualitative research design: case studies. In exercise science, case study designs are mostly used to acquire knowledge about the training
Alan D. Ruddock, Craig Boyd, Edward M. Winter and Mayur Ranchordas
In a recent issue of this journal, Halperin 1 discussed the merits of case studies as a means to bridge the gap between science and practice. It has been suggested that traditional forms of scientific study are not “user friendly” for coaches because they rely upon group-based statistical analyses
Terri Graham-Paulson, Claudio Perret and Victoria Goosey-Tolfrey
. Well-trained/elite athletes are also likely to have greater motivation to perform maximal exercise ( Burke, 2008 ). The current case study provided a unique opportunity to investigate the effects of CAF in an elite paratriathlete. Presentation of the Sporting Issue At the London 2012 Paralympic Games
Estela Farías-Torbidoni and Demir Barić
likelihood for sedentary behavior while visiting protected areas. Therefore, using Alt Pirineu Natural Park (Spain) as a case study, the purpose of this applied research is as follows: (1) Identify the proportion of visitors characterized by a sedentary PA intensity by using metabolic equivalent consumption
Giovanna Ghiani, Sara Magnani, Azzurra Doneddu, Gianmarco Sainas, Virginia Pinna, Marco Caboi, Girolamo Palazzolo, Filippo Tocco and Antonio Crisafulli
Journal of Nutrition, 32 , 77 – 97 . PubMed ID: 4843734 doi:10.1079/BJN19740060 10.1079/BJN19740060 Fearnley , D. , Sutton , L. , O’Hara , J. , Brightmore , A. , King , R. , & Cooke , C. ( 2012 ). Case study of a female ocean racer: Prerace preparation and nutritional intake during the
with a strong conceptual underpinning, very little scientific information exists on how to optimally implement interventions around body composition periodization throughout a given year, let alone over an entire career. This case study will feature an Olympic-level female middle-distance runner
. Squash is an indoor sport. Individuals who perform indoors are at an increased risk of vitamin D deficiency ( Angeline et al., 2013 ). In athletes, vitamin D deficiency may impair muscle function, compromise the immune system, and impair bone health ( Need et al., 2000 ). The aim of this case study was
Some of the nutritional concerns of female athletes are highlighted in this case study of a 20-year-old woman who wants to lose 16% of her body weight to qualify for the position of coxswain on a national crew team. These concerns include adequacy of vitamin, mineral, protein, and carbohydrate intake as well as amenorrhea and pathogenic eating behaviors.