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Modifying Tradition: Examining Organizational Change in Youth Sport

Julie Legg, Ryan Snelgrove, and Laura Wood

The purpose of this study was to examine the process of change at the level of youth sport by identifying the impetus for change, responses to change by stakeholders, and factors that constrained or aided the change process. Theoretically, this study builds upon an existing integrative change model. The context of this research is two youth soccer associations in Ontario, Canada, undergoing a long-term structural redesign mandated by the provincial soccer association. Stakeholders from local soccer clubs, as well as the Ontario Soccer Association (N = 20), identified key factors influencing the implementation and success of change. Pressures to change and individual efforts made by board members, coaches, and parents were noted as aiding the change process. Limited collaboration with stakeholders, poor communication, misunderstandings of the change, and constrained organizational capacity negatively affected the change process.

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The Physical Self in Motion: Within-Person Change and Associations of Change in Self-Esteem, Physical Self-Concept, and Physical Activity in Adolescent Girls

Magnus Lindwall, Hulya Asci, and Peter Crocker

The purpose of this study was to examine patterns of within-person change, and associations of change, in global self-esteem (GSE), physical self-perceptions (PSP), and physical activity in a sample of 705 Canadian adolescent girls over three measurements points and 24 months. The Physical Self-Perceptions Profile (PSPP) was used to measure GSE and PSP, and the Physical Activity Questionnaire for Adolescents (PAQ-A) was used to assess physical activity. Latent growth curve models were used to analyze the data. All PSP variables except for body attractiveness demonstrated significant average decline, but also significant was the change in between-person heterogeneity. Change in GSE and PSP was moderately to strongly related on a between-person level and weakly to moderately associated on a within-person level. Change in physical activity was related to change in the majority of the PSP variables but not to change in GSE.

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Physical Education Teachers and Their Attitudes Toward Change: Implementation of the New Horizon Educational Reform

Sima Zach and Varda Inglis

The New Horizon (“Ofek Hadash” in Hebrew) educational reform agreement was signed between the Israeli government and the Teachers’ Union in 2008. The purposes of the educational reform document were (a) to improve students’ achievements, (b) to provide fair recompense to teachers, and (c) to strengthen teachers’ status in society. Research goals were to clarify the ways in which New Horizon was implemented among physical education (PE) teachers, and to examine their attitudes toward the reform and to the changes entailed in implementing it. A survey questionnaire was completed by 381 PE teachers. The study participants reported that changes were positive following the implementation of the reform.

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Mechanisms of Institutional Maintenance in Minor Hockey

Spencer Riehl, Ryan Snelgrove, and Jonathon Edwards

significant program and policy changes. For example, in 2014, the Ontario Soccer Association in Canada mandated the removal of scorekeeping, standings, and reduced field sizes and travel for youth participants less than 12 years of age. This demonstrates how an organization has been able to adapt to a

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Soccer Referees’ Transition to the Premier League: A Case Study Reflecting Individual Experiences and Consultancy

Roy David Samuel

, personal growth, and self-actualization ( Poczwardowski, Sherman, & Ravizza, 2004 ). I also consider myself an existentialistic sport psychologist ( Nesti, 2004 ). As such, I focus on athletes’ decision making in their career development, particularly when they are facing a career transition or change

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Assessment of Motor Development in Childhood: Contemporary Issues, Considerations, and Future Directions

Priscila Tamplain, E. Kipling Webster, Ali Brian, and Nadia C. Valentini

Motor development is defined as the changes in motor behavior over the lifespan and the process(es) which underlie these changes ( Clark & Whitall, 1989 ). With that, one of the most prominent questions resultant from the 1989 Motor Development Special Issue published in Quest is “how” to assess

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A New Era for Governance Structures and Processes in Canadian National Sport Organizations

Milena M. Parent, Michael L. Naraine, and Russell Hoye

Significant changes have occurred in the sport system landscape since Slack and his colleagues (e.g., Kikulis, Slack, & Hinings, 1992 ; Slack & Hinings, 1992 , 1994 ; Thibault, Slack, & Hinings, 1991 , 1992 ) examined the governance and management of Canadian national sport organizations (NSOs

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Institutional Theory in Sport: A Scoping Review

Jonathan Robertson, Mathew Dowling, Marvin Washington, Becca Leopkey, Dana Lee Ellis, and Lee Smith

insights into sport and has sought to explain fundamental issues within the field. These include what makes (sport) organizations so similar? Why do they adopt practices that are seemingly irrational? And how can we explain organizational change within sport organizations? Early institutional studies

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Are Self-Efficacy and Perceived Environmental Characteristics Determinants of Decline in Physical Activity Time?

Eduarda Cristina da Costa Silva, Arthur Oliveira Barbosa, Juliana Maria da Penha Freire Silva, and José Cazuza de Farias Júnior

before data collection, frequency (in days per week), and duration (in hours per minutes per day). Based on this information, a total PA score was determined (in minutes per week) by multiplying the time engaged in each PA by its frequency. For purposes of analysis, changes in SE, perceived EC (access to

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Teaching Reflections and Insights From a 38-Year Sport Management Career

W. James (Jim) Weese

importance of staying current, practical, and aligned with the changing needs of students and society. Impact of Role Models and Mentors It is a fact that few professors have specific training in classroom teaching, yet it is a critical part of the role they assume as an academic ( Labaree, 2003 ). Many have