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Attitudes of Sport Fans Toward the Electronic Sign-Stealing Scandal in Major League Baseball: Differing Associations With Perfectionism and Excellencism

Patrick Gaudreau and Benjamin J.I. Schellenberg

mental representations about the self and the world that should make them react differently compared with other sport fans. Therefore, in this study, we investigated how sport fans reacted to a specific, recent, and controversial cheating incident with the goal of evaluating the extent to which those who

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Measuring Learning and Promoting Academic Integrity in Online Instruction

Duane Knudson and Melissa Bopp

, however, cannot in themselves account for all contextual factors that may impact concept inventory scores. For example, there are numerous ways to cheat ( Hearne Moore et al., 2017 ), and the potential for cheating is noteworthy in the context of online presentations of major exams with limited proctoring

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Leadership, Cohesion, and Team Norms Regarding Cheating and Aggression

David Lyle Light Shields, Douglas E. Gardner, Brenda Jo Light Bredemeier, and Alan Bostrom

The present study drew from the model of moral action proposed by Shields and Bredemeier (1995) according to which a sport team’s collective norms influence behavior. The focus was on team cheating and aggression norms in relation to demographic variables, leadership style, and team cohesion. Participants were baseball and softball players (N=298) at the high school and community college level. It was found that age, year in school, and years playing ball all correlated positively with expectations of peer cheating and aggression, and with the belief that the coach would sanction cheating if necessary to win. MANOVA results indicated higher anticipations of cheating and aggression among males, college athletes, winning team members, and nonstarters. Significant relationships between leadership style variables and collective team norms, and between team cohesion variables and collective team norms, were also obtained.

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Sociocognitive Self-Regulatory Mechanisms Governing Judgments of the Acceptability and Likelihood of Sport Cheating

Fabienne d’Arripe-Longueville, Karine Corrion, Stéphanie Scoffier, Peggy Roussel, and Aïna Chalabaev

This study extends previous psychosocial literature (Bandura et al., 2001, 2003) by examining a structural model of the self-regulatory mechanisms governing the acceptability and likelihood of cheating in a sport context. Male and female adolescents (N = 804), aged 15–20 years, took part in this study. Negative affective self-regulatory efficacy influenced the acceptability and likelihood of cheating through the mediating role of moral disengagement, in females and males. Affective efficacy positively influenced prosocial behavior through moral disengagement or through resistive self-regulatory efficacy and social efficacy, in both groups. The direct effects of affective efficacy on beliefs about cheating were only evident in females. These results extend the findings of Bandura et al. (2001, 2003) to the sport context and suggest that affective and resistive self-regulatory efficacy operate in concert in governing adolescents’ moral disengagement and transgressive behaviors in sport.

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Sportspersonship Under Review: An Examination of Fair Play Attitudes Through the Contextualized Sport Alphabetization Model in Primary Physical Education

Manuel Jacob Sierra-Díaz, Sixto González-Víllora, and Javier Fernandez-Rio

-Luquin et al. ( 2017 ) identified five dimensions: enjoyment , commitment , participation , fair play , and respect . Regarding sporting values and fair play attitudes, negative and neutral attitudes during sport practice have also been analyzed ( Ponseti et al., 2012 ). The (pre)disposition to cheat

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Personality and Attitudinal Predictors of Sportspersonship in Recreational Sport

Tanya Fozzard and Dara Mojtahedi

away with cheating because there are minimal in-game repercussions such as sinbins . Though violations and fouls can be called by players against each other, they can be contested and denied. Further problems arise due to the difficulties in differentiating between truthful and deceptive claims ( Ryan

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Liars, Cheaters, and Short-Haired Girls: Gender Identity Denial of Young Athletes

Julie Minikel-Lacocque

of the data, for all the participants. Subsequently, further analysis showed that this gender identity denial is divided into three related categories: 1) Accusations of Lying and Cheating , 2) Objectification of Young Bodies , and 3) Females as Second-Class Athletes. Because all participants had

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The Edge: The War Against Cheating and Corruption in the Cutthroat World of Elite Sports

Scott R. Jedlicka

bases. Chapter 3 (“Cheating, Gamesmanship, and Going Over the Edge”) covers a substantial amount of ground in 26 pages (the differences between rules and norms, cheating and gamesmanship, and constitutive and regulatory rules), attempting to strike a balance between drawing clear conceptual boundaries

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“Clean Athlete” or “Drug Cheat and a Jerk”? A Comparative Analysis of the Framing of an Athlete Conflict in Australian and Chinese Print Media

Bo Li, Olan K.M. Scott, Stirling Sharpe, Qingru Xu, and Michael Naraine

. Horton told the media in a postrace interview that Sun splashed him during a practice to say hello, but he did not respond because he “didn’t have time for drug cheats” (, 2016 ). After winning the men’s 400-m freestyle final, Horton described his victory as a “win for the good guys” and labeled

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The Edge: The War Against Cheating and Corruption in the Cutthroat World of Elite Sports

George T. Lukemeyer III