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Chris Knoester and Theo Randolph

, 2016 ). Yet, it is rare for sport studies research to focus on father-child interactions and their implications for health and father-child relationships ( Coakley, 2011 ; Kay, 2006 ; Messner & Musto, 2014 ). This is surprising, considering the unique and central role of sports interactions as part

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Wen-Hao Hsu, Evelyn J. Park, Daniel L. Miranda, Hani M. Sallum, Conor J. Walsh, and Eugene C. Goldfield

Children taking their first steps are usually assisted by an adult providing postural support. Such support may typically be thought of as keeping the child from falling. However, the opportunity for the child to actively explore the forces acting on the body during standing body sway may be an

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Deirdre Dlugonski, Katrina D. DuBose, Christine M. Habeeb, and Patrick Rider

children (aged 2–5 y). Parents are influential in a young child’s life and can serve as positive role models for engaging in physical activity. Yet, parent physical activity—sometimes defined as parental role modeling—is not consistently associated with child physical activity ( 10 , 19 – 21 , 33

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Connie L. Tompkins, Erin K. Shoulberg, Lori E. Meyer, Caroline P. Martin, Marissa Dennis, Allison Krasner, and Betsy Hoza

rural areas to participate in a larger study examining the impact of participation in a PA curriculum on child development and behavioral outcomes. A total of 207 preschool students from 15 different classrooms consented to participate in the larger study. Data were collected in 3 different cohorts and

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Marco Van Brussel, Bart C. Bongers, Erik H.J. Hulzebos, Marcella Burghard, and Tim Takken

, and encouraging young children is vital for valid exercise testing. There are a number of CPET protocols, and many exercise laboratories use their own standardized tests. When the child’s performance is compared with reference values, it is necessary to standardize the CPET protocol to match the

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Nicole E. Nicksic, Meliha Salahuddin, Nancy F. Butte, and Deanna M. Hoelscher

Physical activity (PA) has multiple benefits for child and adolescent health. Increasing PA can decrease the risk of developing chronic diseases, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease, increase life expectancy, and enhance mental well-being. 1 Importantly, PA can prevent obesity through

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Matthew Hobbs, Stuart J.H. Biddle, Andrew P. Kingsnorth, Lukas Marek, Melanie Tomintz, Jesse Wiki, John McCarthy, Malcolm Campbell, and Simon Kingham

several moderating factors 13 , 14 ; these include child-related factors such as physical activity, diet, and social and environmental factors. The latter might include parental behaviors (eg, their own sedentary behavior); health status (eg, parental obesity); influence (eg, family rules for sedentary

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Dan M. Cooper

The purpose of this review is to focus on several intersecting journeys, new pathways necessary to advance the field of exercise medicine and exercise science in child health. We will cover the journey of concept and discovery in which novel technologies are reshaping how we measure and gauge

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Danae Dinkel, Dipti Dev, Yage Guo, Emily Hulse, Zainab Rida, Ami Sedani, and Brian Coyle

Early childhood is a critical time period for developing physical activity behaviors. 1 During this time, ∼74% of all 3- to 6-year-old children in the United States are in some form of nonparental care, and children 3 years old and younger spend an average of 29 hours per week in child care with a

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Brad R. Julius, Amy M.J. O’Shea, Shelby L. Francis, Kathleen F. Janz, and Helena Laroche

and lifestyle modifications. It has been hypothesized that parents can affect child physical activity (PA) level in 1 of 3 ways. First, parents can participate in PA with their children ( 12 , 40 ). Second, parents can be physically active themselves and therefore model this behavior for their