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Christopher R. Hill, Deborah L. Feltz, Stephen Samendinger and Karin A. Pfeiffer

health risks highlight the importance of examining variables that could effect increases in childhood PA. The influence of one’s self-efficacy beliefs to overcome barriers shows promise in the physical domain as a common positive correlate with adolescent PA ( Bauman et al., 2012 , Craggs, Corder, van

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MinKyoung Song, Robert F. Corwyn, Robert H. Bradley and Julie C. Lumeng

Childhood obesity continues to be an epidemic. 1 , 2 Given that low levels of physical activity increase the risk for obesity, 3 , 4 the importance of physical activity among youth cannot be overemphasized. 5 , 6 Unfortunately, despite increased efforts to promote physical activity levels by

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Xavier García-Massó, Adrià Marco-Ahulló, Israel Villarrasa-Sapiña, Julio Álvarez-Pitti and Jose-Luis Bermejo

; McGraw, McClenaghan, Williams, Dickerson, & Ward, 2000 ; Menegoni et al., 2009 ; Mignardot, Olivier, Promayon, & Nougier, 2010 ; Villarrasa-Sapiña et al., 2016 ). During childhood, the development of the central nervous system and the acquisition of new postural strategies improve postural stability

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Dennis Dreiskaemper, Till Utesch and Maike Tietjens

, & Jackson, 2010 ), supplemented by a shorter version for middle to late childhood, which assesses the physical self-concept on seven sub-scales, Physical Self-Concept Questionnaire for Children: Dreiskaemper, Tietjens, Honemann, Naul, & Freund, 2015 ). However, there is still a lack of knowledge regarding

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Belinda R. Beck

Puberty ensues when marked alterations in circulating hormones in childhood stimulate dramatic physical and physiological transformations. It is, therefore, small wonder that the body can be observed to respond differently to certain stimuli according to the timing of the provocation in relation to

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Brittany G. Travers, Heather L. Kirkorian, Matthew J. Jiang, Koeun Choi, Karl S. Rosengren, Porter Pavalko and Paul Jobin

achievement. To this end, the purpose of the present study was to describe age-related changes in children’s paper folding from toddlerhood (18 months) to young school-age (7 years). Paper Folding as an Assessment Tool A number of tasks in childhood and adulthood require paper folding, from making arts and

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Shaunna M. Burke, Jennifer Brunet, Amanda Wurz, Christina Butler and Andrea Utley

). These negative effects may lessen the likelihood that childhood cancer survivors will participate in health-promoting behaviors ( Ness, Wall, Oakes, Robison, & Gurney, 2006 ). Recent research shows that childhood cancer survivors engage in less physical activity (PA) than their healthy siblings ( Ford

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Chiaki Tanaka, Xanne Janssen, Mark Pearce, Kathryn Parkinson, Laura Basterfield, Ashley Adamson and John J. Reilly

Childhood obesity is a widespread health and social problem that is still increasing in prevalence in many countries. 1 A previous review of prospective studies concluded that low levels of baseline physical activity (PA) were only weakly or not at all associated with body fat gain. 2 More recent

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Stephanie Field, Jeff Crane, Patti-Jean Naylor and Viviene Temple

Developmental experts have theorized that during the transition from early to middle childhood, perceptions of physical competence will become more accurate ( Harter, 2012b ; Robinson, Stodden, Barnett, & Lopes, 2015 ; Stodden et al., 2008 ). Understanding this process is important because boys

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Fernanda Assis Paes Habechian, Dayana Patricia Rosa, Melina Nevoeiro Haik and Paula Rezende Camargo

Recently, it has been suggested that sex may influence scapular kinematics. A more comprehensive analysis of the scapular kinematics in children and adults, including sex as a factor, will help to understand if differences between sexes are present since childhood. The purpose of this study was to compare scapular kinematics between sex in children and adults during elevation of the arm. One-hundred and sixteen asymptomatic adults (58 men and 58 women) and 53 children (28 boys and 25 girls) participated in the study. Three-dimensional scapular kinematics during elevation of the arm were obtained using an electromagnetic tracking device. Women had a more upwardly rotated scapula in the nondominant side (P < .05), with large effects and a more anteriorly tilted position at 60°, 90°, and 120° of arm elevation in the dominant side, and at 90° and 120° in the nondominant side (P < .05) with moderate effects when compared with men. Differences between sexes were not found in the children (P > .05). In conclusion, sex seems to influence scapular kinematics in adulthood, but not in childhood.