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Daniela Rodrigues, Cristina Padez, and Aristides M. Machado-Rodrigues

interactions not only between intrapersonal factors but also between social and environmental factors. 13 14 As gatekeepers of children’s health behaviors, it is of extreme importance to understand how parents perceived barriers to children’s participation in sports and PA. In the previous studies, the top

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Rosalie Coolkens, Phillip Ward, Jan Seghers, and Peter Iserbyt

been cited as possible factors to increase PA involvement. Unfortunately, there are few experimental interventions focusing on the factors that positively affect children’s participation, PA, play, and social behaviors in sport activities during recess. 35 This study implemented 3 parkour sessions of

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Jodie A. Stearns, Paul J. Veugelers, Tara-Leigh McHugh, Chris Sprysak, and John C. Spence

that should be acknowledged. First, the 3 data sets are cross-sectional, and therefore we cannot be certain that the CFTC actually changed the children’s participation in organized PA. It is likely that families whose children were already enrolled in organized PA (ie, at least once/week for 8 or more

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Patrick W.C. Lau, Kenneth R. Fox, and Mike W.L. Cheung

The purpose of this study was to examine the role of sport identity within a model of children’s sport participation. Participants were 238 boys and 231 girls aged 12 to 13 years from state secondary schools in Hong Kong. Questionnaires were administered in order to assess the influences of psychosocial and socioenvironmental constructs on children’s sport involvement. Regression analyses and path analysis were used to assess hypothesized relationships in the model. Results indicated that sport identity was the strongest predictor of children’s sport participation; perceived sport competence, peer influence, and relative autonomy index (RAI) were predictors of sport identity; and path analysis indicated that the data provided a good fit to the model featuring sport identity as the mediator between psychosocial and socioenvironmental variables and children’s sport participation.

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John Cairney, Divya Joshi, Matthew Kwan, John Hay, and Brent Faught

This study examines the associations among socioeconomic status (SES), aging, gender and sport and physical activity participation from late childhood into adolescence. Drawing from previous research, we test three hypotheses regarding the impact of aging on SES and sport participation using longitudinal data. The data come from a prospective cohort study of children, all of whom were enrolled in grade 4 (at baseline) in the public school system of a large region of southern Ontario, Canada. We examine two outcome measures: participation in organized sport and physical activity and active free play. Our results show different effects of neighborhood household income, aging and gender for each outcome. For organized sport participation, neighborhood household income effects are constant over time for both boys and girls. For active free play however, neighborhood household income differences widen (or diverge) over time for girls, but not for boys. We discuss the implications of these findings for future research and policy considerations.

Cette étude examine les associations entre statut socioéconomique, âge, genre et participation en sport et en activité physique de la fin de l’enfance à l’adolescence. Nous nous appuyons sur les recherches antérieures et des données longitudinales pour tester trois hypothèses à propos de l’impact de l’âge sur le statut socioéconomique et la participation en sport. Les données proviennent d’une étude de cohorte prospective d’enfants, tous étant inscrits en 4ème année (au début de l’étude) dans le système scolaire public d’une grande région du sud de l’Ontario au Canada. Nous mesurons deux types de résultats : la participation en sport organisé et activité physique et le jeu libre actif. Nos résultats montrent différents effets du revenu du ménage du quartier, de l’âge et du genre pour chaque résultat. Pour la participation en sport organisé, les effets du revenu du ménage du quartier sont constants avec le temps à la fois pour les garçons et les filles. Pour le jeu libre actif en revanche, les différences dans le revenu du ménage augmentent (ou divergent) avec le temps pour les filles, mais pas pour les garçons. Nous discutons les implications de ces résultats pour les études et politiques futures.

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Timothy B. Hartwig and Geraldine Naughton

Despite widespread encouragement for children to participate in sport, the efficacy of early sporting pathways remains underexplored. We compared a rotational junior-sport model combining skills from rugby, cricket, and netball with a modified games model. Motion analysis was used to quantify movement. Results revealed no differences between sporting models in relative percent time spent stationary (p = .32), walking (p = .89), jogging (p = .45), and fast running (p =.06). The rotational model had a greater number of skill-development opportunities per minute (median = 3.4) compared with the modified games model (median = 1.1, p = .001). Promising results from varied and rotational skill exposure warrant further elucidation.

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Megan Apse, Roslyn Kerr, and Kevin Moore

research utilizes a discursive psychology approach to analyze the discursive strategies used by parents to navigate the issues around children’s participation in sport. Rugby league (RL) originated in Britain and is marked by its roots as a sport populated by predominantly working class players ( Coffey

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Kyle Pushkarenko, Janice Causgrove Dunn, and Donna L. Goodwin

( Goodwin & Rossow-Kimball, 2012 ). The purpose of this study was to explore how parents of children labeled with ASD understand the concept of PL, based on their children’s participation in community-based physical activity programs. Conceptual Framework—Ecological Systems Theory According to Pfeiffer et

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Dean F. Anderson, Fred O. Lorenz, and Dale G. Pease

This investigation examined the change in children’s participation and attitudes toward sport team involvement from late elementary school to the beginning of high school. A questionnaire designed to measure importance of rewards was given to all 5th and 6th graders (n = 238) from a community with an extensive sports program. Five years later, as 10th and 11th graders, 166 (71%) of the original group participated in the follow-up study. Factor analysis extracted two consistent factors at both questionnaire administrations. One was labeled “extrinsic reward” while the other was labeled “intrinsic satisfaction.” A logit analysis using weighted least squares indicated that past participation and gender as well as the interaction of the importance given to the two reward systems contributed significantly to predicting present participation. An additional model including present value given to reward systems suggested that present value for intrinsic satisfaction might improve prediction of present participation.