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Nikolaos Zaras, Angeliki-Nikoletta Stasinaki, Polyxeni Spiliopoulou, Giannis Arnaoutis, Marios Hadjicharalambous, and Gerasimos Terzis

Elite weightlifting performance depends on both biological 1 , 2 and biomechanical factors. 3 , 4 The snatch (S) and the clean and jerk (C&J) are multijoint movement patterns where the activation of the entire neuromuscular system dictates a successful lift. 2 Considering that the second pull in

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Kazuo Funato, Akifumi Matsuo, and Tetsuo Fukunaga

In order to evaluate how mechanical power relates to athletic performance in weight lifting, specific movement power (SMP) was investigated using a newly developed dynamometer. Four simulated pull movements in weight lifting were measured: weight lifting pull (WL), second pull, back strength pull, and shoulder shrug pull. Subjects included 12 elite (EL) and 14 district (DI) level Japanese weight lifters. Athletic performance was defined as the highest total combined weight (snatch plus clean and jerk) lifted during competition. The highest SMP was observed in the WL. Force, velocity, and power relations were derived from the WL, showing higher velocity and power values in EL than DI at an identical force level. SMP in WL was found to be significantly correlated to athletic performance. SMP measured as a simulated pull movement in weight lifting employing the present dynamometer appears useful in evaluating athletic performance. Furthermore, this dynamometer provides force-velocity relationships during multiarticular explosive movements.

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John Garhammer

The heaviest successful snatch and clean and jerk for five Gold medalists in weight-lifting at the 1984 Olympic Games were analyzed from 16mm film. Bar trajectories all showed that as the barbell was lifted from the platform it moved toward the athlete during the first pull, then away from the athlete and finally toward him again as it began to descend during the catch phase. Bar velocity profiles showed that most lifters decelerated the barbell at the end of the first pull while reorienting their body position for the second pull. Calculated power outputs were large in magnitude and showed considerable similarities for selected phases of the lifts of a given athlete. Power output values for complete snatch and clean pulls typically ranged between 28 and 35 W/Kg of body mass. Higher values were found for subphases of the pulls and for the jerk thrusts. Previously published data on one of the Gold medalists permitted longitudinal comparisons of his lifting technique. High power output capacity was the most distinguishing characteristic of the athletes studied and is likely necessary for successful participation in weightlifting at the elite level.

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Paul A. Solberg, Will G. Hopkins, Gøran Paulsen, and Thomas A. Haugen

, corresponding results from World Championships and Olympic Games from 1998 to 2017 were included. Powerlifting events (equipped) included squat, bench press, and dead lift, while weightlifting events included snatch, and clean and jerk. The result lists are categorized by event and gender. Each record within

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Kayleigh R. Erickson, Gregory J. Grosicki, Mara Mercado, and Bryan L. Riemann

training programs: Olympic weightlifters (OWLs) and distance runners (RUNs). Olympic weightlifting provides a particularly novel stimulus characterized by high velocity, powerful functional movements (i.e., clean and jerk and snatch) that may be particularly beneficial for fall-prone older adults ( Pearson

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James A. Ashton-Miller and Ronald F. Zernicke

(John Garhammer) and I were collecting high-speed cinematographic data for all weight classes at the US Men’s National Weightlifting Championships; one of the competitors, who was 29-year-old and world-class caliber, completely ruptured his right patellar tendon during a clean and jerk lift. This lifter

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Joseph O.C. Coyne, Robert U. Newton, and G. Gregory Haff

, that is, a successful lift in both snatch and clean and jerk (n = 4; 3 females and 1 male). The data for this study were initially collected within the athletes’ training environment and were released deidentified from the respective National Olympic Committee in this university-approved retrospective

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Dustin J. Oranchuk, Eric J. Drinkwater, Riki S. Lindsay, Eric R. Helms, Eric T. Harbour, and Adam G. Storey

. Häkkinen K , Kauhanen H , Komi P . Biomechanical changes in the Olympic weightlifting technique of the snatch and clean and jerk from submaximal to maximal loads . Scand J Sports Sci . 1984 ; 6 ( 2 ): 57 – 66 . 16. Marriner CR , Cronin JB , Macadam P , Storey A . Redistributing load

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Marcos A. Soriano, Amador García-Ramos, Antonio Torres-González, Joaquín Castillo-Palencia, Pedro J. Marín, Pilar Sainz de Baranda, and Paul Comfort

weightlifting’s clean and jerk . Int J Sports Sci Coach . 2015 ; 10 : 869 – 886 . doi:10.1260/1747-9541.10.5.869 10.1260/1747-9541.10.5.869 12. Renals L , Lake J , Keogh J , Austin K . Strongman log push press: the effect log diameter has on force-time characteristics . J Strength Cond Res

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Paul G. Montgomery and Brendan D. Maloney

velocity would produce favorable results. Specific lifts, such as the hang clean and progressing to power clean and clean and jerk lifts, require high rates of force production. In addition, multiplanar plyometrics converting eccentric loading to concentric force production by enhancing the ability of the