subjective balance evaluations). This potentially hazardous interpretation was based on clinical evaluations that are dependent on the observer’s assessment and skill in evaluating visible errors (ie, balance error scoring system [BESS]) and/or a balance test with unknown sensitivity for the diagnosis of
Harsimran S. Baweja and Daniel J. Goble
Column-editor : Neil Curtis
Column-editor : Carl G. Mattacola
Eric L. Sauers
Rafael Squillantini, Brielle Ringle and Julie Cavallario
patient, including patient history, clinical evaluation, and imaging results. Mulligan et al. randomized the order of the examination techniques, 11 whereas Lichtenburg performed the examination techniques in a predetermined order. 12 All three studies compared the results of the examination tests to
Ryan McCann, Kyle Kosik, Masafumi Terada and Phillip Gribble
, while a parent or legal guardian signed the informed consent document. Procedures Within 48 hr of RTP, one member of the research team, also an AT with 7 years of experience, conducted an independent clinical evaluation of the primary outcomes in the athletic training facility of each patient’s school
Lachlan E. Garrick, Bryce C. Alexander, Anthony G. Schache, Marcus G. Pandy, Kay M. Crossley and Natalie J. Collins
.2), medium (≥0.5), large (≥0.8), and very large (≥1.3). 17 Results From 127 respondents, 79 participants underwent clinical evaluation of single-leg squat performance (Figure 1 ). The rating panel reached consensus for all discrepancies (13 cases, 16%). Twenty-three (29%) participants were rated as good
Eric D. Merritt and Julianne D. Schmidt
Mindi Fisher, Ryan Tierney, Anne Russ and Jamie Mansell
Clinical Question: In concussed patients, will having attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or learning difficulties (LD) versus not having ADHD or LD cause higher symptom severity scores or invalid baseline protocols? Clinical Bottom Line: Research supports the concept that there is a difference at baseline for individuals with ADHD and/or LD compared with those who do not.
Marina Kurgansky, Alexander Frolov, Marat Ioffe, Alexey Karabanov and Ludmila Chernikova
Early stage Parkinson’s disease (PD) shares certain symptoms with essential tremor (ET), which makes it difficult to differentiate between the two. We analyzed cyclical body bends to find kinematic parameters that are capable of differentiating among PD, ET and normal control (NC) subjects. A linear discriminant analysis of the joint angles showed a reliable distinction between NC and the two groups of patients, while differentiating reasonably well between PD and ET. PD patients showed difficulty performing hip segment rotation around the vertical axis, whereas ET patients demonstrated enlarged torso sway in the frontal plane. These findings suggest that kinematic parameters of body movement in the standing position are sensitive enough to serve as subclinical marks in the early diagnosis of PD and ET.