In sport, numerous teams have been considered dynasties: the New York Yankees in baseball, the Montreal Canadiens in hockey, the Chicago Bulls in basketball, and Manchester United in soccer. Moreover, they have anecdotally attributed their success to having strong team unity or team cohesion
Piotr A. Piasecki, Todd M. Loughead, Kyle F. Paradis, and Krista J. Munroe-Chandler
Mark W. Bruner, Mark Eys, Jeremie M. Carreau, Colin McLaren, and Rachel Van Woezik
Group cohesion is defined as an emergent state that “is reflected in the tendency for a group to stick together and remain united in the pursuit of instrumental objectives and/or for the satisfaction of member affective needs” ( Carron, Brawley, & Widmeyer, 1998 , p. 213). There is a rich
Brennan Petersen, Mark Eys, Kody Watson, and M. Blair Evans
psychological structure, which includes variables such as roles, norms, status, and leadership. The Carron and Eys framework further emphasizes cohesion as a particularly important group property, as well as group processes such as communication and coordination that ultimately lead to several individual (e
Albert V. Carron, Harry Prapavessis, and J. Robert Grove
The purpose of this investigation was to examine the relationship of group cohesion to self-handicapping. The first issue focused on the relationship between the personality trait of self-handicapping and perceptions of group cohesion. A significant negative relationship (p < .001) was found between individual differences in the self-handicapping trait of making excuses and perceptions of the group's task cohesiveness. The second issue focused on whether group cohesion serves to moderate the relationship between the trait of self-handicapping and the use of self-handicapping strategies. The results showed that social cohesion was a significant (p < .006) moderator between the tendency to make excuses and the use of self-handicapping strategies. When social cohesion was high, the tendency to make excuses was positively related to the degree to which impediments to preparation for competition were perceived to be present.
Colin D. McLaren and Kevin S. Spink
importance for these key outcomes, understanding team processes that contribute to perceptions of cohesion can offer researchers and practitioners direction in terms of enhancing this essential group construct. Sport-team cohesion has been defined as “the tendency for a group to stick together and remain
Sarah P. McLean, Christine M. Habeeb, Pete Coffee, and Robert C. Eklund
Possessing a talented group of players is not always enough to win a sports game. Researchers have consistently observed that group factors, such as team cohesion, are pivotal to maximizing several favorable outcomes including member satisfaction, increased length of stay in a team, and performance
Ali Al-Yaaribi and Maria Kavussanu
because these behaviors are more likely to have achievement-related consequences for the recipient, and we investigated their direct and indirect relationships (through affect) with two important outcomes: task cohesion and burnout. Prosocial Behavior Although much research has examined antecedents of
Mark A. Eys, Todd M. Loughead, Steven R. Bray, and Albert V. Carron
Cohesion is an important small group variable within sport. However, the conceptualization and examination of cohesion have predominately been oriented toward adult populations. The purpose of the current study was to garner an understanding of what cohesion means to youth sport participants. Fifty-six team sport athletes (Mage = 15.63 ± 1.01 years) from two secondary schools took part in focus groups designed to understand participants’ perceptions of (a) the definition of cohesion and indicators of cohesive and noncohesive groups and (b) methods used to attempt to develop cohesion in their groups. Overall, the responses to part (a) yielded 10 categories reflecting a group’s task cohesion and 7 categories reflecting a group’s social cohesion. Finally, participants highlighted eight general methods through which their groups developed cohesion. Results are discussed in relation to a current conceptualization of cohesion and affiliation considerations within a youth sport environment.
Alison J. Doherty and Albert V. Carron
Understanding the experiences of volunteers in amateur sport organizations is critical to their effective management of these nonprofit organizations. The purpose of this study was to explore cohesion in volunteer sport executive committees. Members (n = 117) of sport executive committees or boards completed a questionnaire that assessed perceptions of cohesion, individual satisfaction, effort, intent to quit, committee effectiveness, and a variety of individual (gender, committee, role, tenure) and organizational (committee, size, gender composition, frequency and length of meetings) variables. Task cohesion was found to be stronger than social cohesion. Only committee size was found to be associated with perceptions of cohesiveness; members of smaller committees perceived less social cohesion than members of medium and larger committees. Task and social cohesion predicted volunteer satisfaction and perceived committee effectiveness, while volunteer effort and intent to remain with the committee were predicted by task cohesion. The results are discussed in terms of their implication for theory and practice.
Alex J. Benson and Mark Eys
is likely an antecedent to a number of valued outcomes, such as enhancing role perceptions, fostering group cohesion, and engendering greater commitment among group members ( Hackman, 2012 ). As such, systematically investigating the socialization tactics used in sport teams has broad implications